Many of us have met with such a nuisance as a versicolor, met in childhood. More often, local inflammations on the skin appeared after contact with a sick homeless animal (cat or dog). It is accepted to call a group of dermatoses of different etiology, as the disorder has a number of similar symptoms. Depending on the nature of the infection, the disease has both different degrees of manifestation and requires a certain quality of therapy.
What are the types of depriving?
By nature, it can be a fungal or viral infection. Some types of lichen are manifested as a result of an autoimmune reaction, an allergy or other internal factors. Distinguish types of the disease also by localization, type of rash on the skin, the degree of infectiousness.
Symptoms vary depending on the type of lichen. However, there are a number of similar signs:
- the appearance of inflamed areas that are different from healthy skin color, condition;
- usually the surface of a lichen stain flakes off;
- severe itching occurs;
- complete deprivation of hair in spots where spots appear.
- pale pink lesions with jagged edges;
- more common in areas with hair vegetation;
- a whitish crust may form on the surface.
- has clearly defined reddish borders;
- a shade of rash from pale pink to brownish;
- may affect any part of the body;
- there are peeling of the skin and itching.
- damage to the central nervous system occurs;
- blistering rashes appear;
- pain along nerve trunks;
- soreness of rash (especially after their opening).
- painful rash in the form of rich red bumps;
- may affect not only the skin, but also the mucous membranes;
- over time, the tubercles grow into plaques.
Cuticle: defeat of the skin is colorless, scaly.
Drugs that are effective in combating one type of disorder are not always universal from depriving. The most commonly used agent is sulfur ointment. Surely everyone in the home first-aid kit has one. Consider what to treat versicolor in a child, and what kind of ointment on which type of dermatosis helps?
Treatment usually begins with the use of drugs for external use: ointments, creams, solutions, etc. Systemic medications are used only when local therapy has not had the desired effect. Before applying this or that remedy, it is necessary to establish the exact nature of the lesion.
How to treat deprive a child? Ointment Review
If the nature of the infection is fungal (ringworm, scaly), antimicrobial drugs will help:
- miconazole affects the very nature of pathogens, causing their death;
- mikoseptin relieves irritation, itching;
- exoderil is used as an anti-inflammatory agent;
- sertaconazole is detrimental to pathogens;
- lamisil, bifonazole, nizoral, etc.
In the fight against viral lichen effective:
- Acyclovir ointment is prescribed as a treatment if children have shingles or lichen pink (prevents the synthesis of the virus by changing its DNA);
- tebrofen ointment helps from red flat and shingles;
- corticosteroid drugs are used for the acute course of the disorder (they have a number of side effects, they are prescribed exclusively by a doctor);
- Cinaflan is prescribed for the treatment of lichen planus.
Antihistamine ointments, for example, ooterin, well help from pink lichen, as allergic manifestations are characteristic of this type of dermatosis.
Sulfuric ointment from lichen, as well as salicylic have a wide range of applications. Thanks to the active substances, drugs have an antimicrobial effect, help relieve itching and irritation. Sulfur has good antiseptic characteristics. However, the substance becomes toxic in large quantities. Therefore, a course of treatment with such an ointment is not more than a week with application to the affected skin twice a day.
There are also commercially available formulations of sulfuric or salicylic ointment that have a more benign effect on the body, with the addition of tar.
If a child has ringworm, the affected areas are first burned with iodine solution and only then a layer of ointment is applied.
What should be considered when choosing a drug for a child?
If in adults the choice of drugs may be determined solely by the nature of the disorder and the individual characteristics of the organism, then in children there are a number of limitations. The first one is age. For example, sulfur ointment can be used only from 2 years. Be sure to test for an allergic reaction.
The most used from depriving ointment in children:
as well as drugs such as:
We should separately consider the treatment of rosy lichen, as there is still no definite answer to the question: is it worth it to apply any local or systemic therapy? Infectious-allergic type of the disease occurs as a result of an infection or as a result of hypothermia. It occurs predominantly in people with a lowered immune barrier. Pink spots appear on the skin that itch constantly. The disease is not transmitted directly from person to person, only in rare cases through contact with the patient's personal hygiene items.
Most often occurs in the period from 10 to 35 years, a fairly common skin disease in adolescents. The main reason is the weakening of immunity due to the age-related restructuring of the body. Without adequate treatment, the disorder can bother for several months. But there is also good news - having had once rosy lichen gets immunity from this type of disease for life.
Many dermatologists advise not to use the ointment in the treatment of pink lichen in children. Others allow the use of glucocorticoid external agents (flucinar, hyoxysone, fluorocort) in combination with antibiotics, sulfonamides, desensitizers and antihistamines.
When strange spots are found on the skin, first contact your dermatologist. A specialist will help determine the type of irritation, as well as prescribe an effective therapy. Do not self-medicate, unknowingly it will do more harm than good. Especially amateur is not welcome in the treatment of depriving children.