Over the past decade, the statistics of the Ministry of Health are disappointing: more and more people are becoming carriers of various infections and diseases. Unfortunately, none of us are immune from the ingestion of pathogenic microbes. It is known that infection occurs in various ways: airborne, through blood, household contact, etc. Hepatitis C becomes an infection of the 21st century. How many people live with this disease? What factors affect life expectancy? Answers to these and other questions can be found in our article.
What is hepatitis C?
The liver is a filtering organ in our body. A healthy liver ensures the full functioning of all life support systems. With the defeat of the liver infection in the body develops pathological processes that can lead to complicated consequences and the occurrence of serious diseases. Hepatitis C is among the infectious diseases.
In the early stages, namely in the acute form, this disease is almost impossible to identify. The incubation period can last for years. With the defeat of the body with hepatitis C virus, there is no any symptoms. Most often this disease is diagnosed already in the chronic stage.
The first symptoms of hepatitis C include:
- excessive fatigue;
- pallor of the skin;
- weight loss;
- pain in the joints.
Extremely rarely listed symptoms are complemented by yellow skin and eyeballs, diarrhea, and fever.
Chronic hepatitis C: how many live with it?
As already mentioned, it is rather difficult to diagnose hepatitis C at an early stage, but it is possible in the conditions of modern medicine. With the help of a comprehensive blood test, the number of antibodies that fight this infection is established, and the disease is diagnosed based on the results. There are cases when the immune system defeats the infection on its own and the disease goes away without treatment.
However, as practice shows, most often the acute form of hepatitis C flows into the chronic. In this case, be sure to go through a comprehensive treatment course under the supervision of specialists. Along with taking pharmacological drugs, you must adhere to the diet, do not consume alcohol, which is detrimental to the liver.
If you do not take appropriate measures, the development of hepatitis C can trigger the appearance of complicated consequences, such as:
- cirrhosis of the liver;
All of the above diseases affect the liver. When steatosis in the liver cells, fat deposition occurs, and during fibrosis, scars form on the tissues. Both diseases can be treated with pharmacological drugs.
The worst consequence of hepatitis C is cirrhosis. With the development of such a pathology in the liver irreversible processes occur, and its tissue is modified. Unfortunately, statistics according to the Ministry of Health is sad: cirrhosis is often fatal. But do not despair. If a person is treated and complies with all the requirements of doctors, the development of the disease can be stopped at an early stage.
But when a person treats his health as a consumer and does not take proper measures to rehabilitate the main filtration organ in the body, cirrhosis of the liver can provoke the appearance of the following complications:
- liver failure;
If you do not treat hepatitis C, it can also lead to the development of cancer.
Factors affecting life expectancy
Often, people who learn about infection with hepatitis C, ask the question: "How many people live with such a diagnosis?". It is not possible to answer this question unequivocally, since a number of heterogeneous factors affect the life expectancy of a person with hepatitis C:
- drinking alcoholic beverages;
- the state of the immune system;
- body mass;
- the presence of other pathologies of the chronic type;
- timeliness of the course of treatment, etc.
The effect of age on the severity of the disease
There is a discussion among doctors about the age of people most susceptible to infection with the hepatitis C virus. There is an opinion that young people are most susceptible to infection with such an infection. With the right lifestyle, diet and timely treatment of liver cirrhosis may not occur. If you do not comply with all the requirements of doctors, then cirrhosis can develop on average in 25-30 years.
The younger the person, the lower the risk of cirrhosis. But in middle age, especially after 45 years, you need to be extremely careful and carefully monitor their health. If men consume 40-50 g of alcohol every day after the age of 45, then the probability of developing cirrhosis in hepatitis C is 40%. Severe form of the disease may occur after 12 years. Women who lead a healthy lifestyle are less susceptible to cirrhosis.
How does the sex of a patient affect the development of hepatitis C?
Scientists are constantly conducting research on the hepatitis C virus and identify its possible consequences. Oddly enough, but the sex of the patient directly affects the appearance of cirrhosis or fibrosis. Men are at risk even with proper treatment. But women, on the contrary, are less susceptible to the development of cirrhosis. It is associated with body weight, physical activity and nutrition.
Despite this, scientists say that after the age of 50 all patients infected with hepatitis C may develop cirrhosis.
Lifestyle and disease development
Of course, the development of diseases caused by hepatitis C, primarily affects lifestyle and nutrition. If a person constantly consumes alcohol even in small amounts, it will lead to the development of cirrhosis, since it has a detrimental effect on the liver cells. Under the influence of decomposition products, alcohol destroys tissues, the liver is modified and practically cannot be restored.
It is very important in the detection of hepatitis C to undergo appropriate treatment and diet. Especially you need to exclude alcohol in any form from your diet.
At the initial stage of the lesion of the body with the hepatitis C virus, it happens that it disappears without medical treatment. A person may not know that he was infected. Unfortunately, in most cases, hepatitis C manifests itself and flows into the chronic form.
In case of the slightest symptoms, contact immediately the attending specialist, since besides cirrhosis of the liver, hepatitis C can provoke the development of a number of other serious diseases.
Hepatitis C and the immune system
Virological factors also affect the rate of development of the complicated consequences of infection. Hepatitis C is an infectious disease, and human blood contains antibodies that can resist its development. Special blood tests reveal their number and activity.
In medical practice, there are cases when antibodies are unstable or are not contained in the blood in insufficient quantities, and therefore liver damage becomes almost inevitable.
Body weight and hepatitis C
Many people think that body weight can not affect the development of hepatitis C and liver disease. This opinion is wrong. When overweight, there is obesity to the liver, which may trigger the development of irreversible processes in its tissues. To avoid this, you should systematically perform physical exercises at least with a small load.
People at risk of diabetes are especially at risk, so it is especially important for them to adjust their habitual lifestyle and diet.
What forecasts do doctors give?
As already mentioned, a number of different factors affect the lifespan of hepatitis C. And the main ones are considered a person's lifestyle and proper treatment.
The answer to the question of how much people live with hepatitis C without treatment is definitely not possible. In each case, an individual forecast is established. However, it is important to remember that only with timely treatment with hepatitis C a person can fully live a lifetime. As practice shows, from the virus itself is almost impossible to die. Fatal outcome may be due to the development of more serious pathologies, for example, cirrhosis of the liver.
Unfortunately, today there is no hepatitis C vaccine, but if you follow all the rules of hygiene and precautions, infection can be avoided.
Remember that chronic hepatitis C must be treated to prevent the onset of complicated consequences. That is why in the manifestation of the primary symptoms, consult a doctor and do not self-medicate. According to statistics, with the right approach to the disease that has arisen, a person can live with hepatitis C to live a full life.