Hepatitis is a dangerous disease that has an infectious nature. During its development, liver cells are affected, which is fraught with the onset of complicated consequences. For the purposes of prevention, vaccination against hepatitis B is done. It is mandatory for newborns to do it, but adults need to decide on the need for vaccination themselves.
Vaccination Needs: Pros and Cons
As already mentioned, hepatitis B has an infectious nature. It can be transmitted through blood or during sexual intercourse. Hepatitis - so insidious disease that its pathogens can get into the blood of a person when he himself does not suspect that. Often, hepatitis is infected in hairdressing salons, nail salons, dental offices, etc.
The first vaccination is done 12 hours after the birth of the crumbs. Then, in accordance with the national vaccination calendar, this procedure is repeated twice more. But every adult should decide for himself whether he needs such a vaccine. Some of us are skeptical about vaccinations and believe that vaccination is not beneficial, and sometimes even the opposite, contributes to the development of complicated consequences. However, we all know that hepatitis, in other words, jaundice, can cause the development of cirrhosis of the liver or cancer.
There is a certain category of persons who are at risk of becoming infected with hepatitis. These people are recommended to periodically make the appropriate vaccine. So, the risk group includes:
- persons suffering from diseases of the genital system of the infectious type;
- representatives of the strong half of humanity practicing homosexuality;
- people who use drugs;
- people diagnosed with chronic hepatitis;
- health care workers;
- persons undergoing hemodialysis;
- people who have undergone transplantation of internal organs.
It is imperative that you vaccinate against hepatitis for people who live in regions with an increased epidemiological threshold or for those who are sent to relevant areas for a short period of time.
How to protect your baby from hepatitis?
In medical practice, it is customary to carry out vaccination procedures according to a specific schedule. Be sure to after the first 12 hours of life, the baby is given a shot from hepatitis. As a rule, this vaccine is injected intramuscularly in the femoral region. The baby may experience slight redness and the appearance of puffiness. This is a completely normal reaction.
Further, vaccination is carried out 1 month after birth and six months. The attending specialists pay special attention to babies whose mothers are carriers of the chronic type hepatitis virus. In such cases, the schedule of vaccinations can be modified in order to ensure maximum protection and the formation of the child’s immunity to this ailment.
Although vaccination against hepatitis is considered to be a mandatory procedure for newborns, parents may refuse to carry out such manipulations. Lack of vaccination does not affect the future social life of the child, but can significantly undermine his health.
To date, side effects and contraindications to this vaccination have not been significantly investigated. Despite this, the attending specialists still provide a list of contraindications, in the presence of which hepatitis vaccinations are not given to children. These include:
- the presence of allergens and the corresponding reaction to foods containing yeast for baking;
- development of acute respiratory viral infection.
With the introduction of vaccinations immediately after birth, contraindications are practically not taken into account. Some medical workers think that it is not necessary to vaccinate babies who are not in the risk zone, but practice shows that this vaccine can protect a child from becoming infected with hepatitis in the first few years of his life.
A few words about vaccination of adults
Upon reaching the age of 16, a person has the right to independently decide on the need for any vaccinations. If there are special indications or suspicions of a predisposition to the appearance of the disease, an adult Hepatitis B vaccine is given according to the appropriate scheme: on days 1, 7 and 21. Revaccination is carried out after one year. This grafting scheme is used to get a quick response of the body.
I would like to immediately draw attention to the fact that if a person is already infected with the hepatitis B virus, the vaccine will not be able to prevent the development of the disease. The dose of a single vaccination may vary depending on the availability of exceptional indications, for example, during the passage of hemodialysis procedures.
For people over the age of 16, a vaccine is injected into the deltoid muscle tissue. Subcutaneously, this vaccine is made only to people suffering from poor blood clotting. It is not recommended to inject into the gluteus muscle, since the necessary immune response of the body will not be obtained.
Before vaccination, the attending specialist must determine the presence of allergic reactions. Also in the manipulation room should be pharmacological preparations of antihistamine type. To avoid the development of complicated consequences, after the introduction of the vaccine, the person is under the supervision of a physician for half an hour.
When a vaccine enters the body, antibodies are produced that are resistant to hepatitis viruses. The dosage of vaccination depends on age, physiological characteristics and available indications. Due to the fact that at the initial stage, hepatitis develops in a latent form and it is rather difficult to identify it, it is best to provide a timely vaccination. One vaccine protects a person from illness for 4-5 years.
Is there a danger: let's talk about the effects of hepatitis vaccines
To date, leading pharmaceutical manufacturers offer a huge amount of vaccines against hepatitis. Despite the fact that this vaccine has a positive result and protects a person from the disease by a serious infectious disease, the harm of the vaccine has not been fully studied. Few specialists, including practitioners, can tell about all the consequences of hepatitis B vaccination.
The most common consequences are the appearance of redness on the skin in the area of the injection and minor swelling. Some babies have a fever. Complications after vaccination, as a rule, occur within 48 hours and also pass quickly.
A person may experience the following symptoms:
- general weakness;
- the urge to gag reflex;
- the appearance of rashes on the skin, not having a clear localization;
- discomfort and aches in the joint tissues.
Each of the above symptoms is considered to be a deviation from the norm, therefore, if such signs appear, after the vaccination has been transferred, you should contact your doctor. It is not recommended to give this vaccine to people who have been diagnosed with pathologies of the nervous system, in particular, epilepsy or hydrocephalus. Also do not make such vaccinations to premature babies whose body weight does not reach 2 kg.
In the medical literature there is information that vaccination against hepatitis can cause the development of serious diseases. In practice, such phenomena are extremely rare, but still they should pay attention. So, vaccination against hepatitis is dangerous such complications:
- development of myalgia;
- Quincke swelling;
- the development of serum-type pathology;
- peripheral neuropathy;
Vaccine against infectious pathologies always contributes to the development of antibodies that prevent the development of the disease. To do a vaccination against hepatitis or not - it's up to you. But remember that timely vaccination will be able to protect you from the disease and the development of complicated consequences. Be healthy!