Today, few of us know about the disease caused by hemophilic infection. And if it is found in medical practice, then it is very difficult to diagnose and fully cure. Fortunately, in the 21st century, hemophilic infection is practically not terrible - it is already vaccinated immediately after birth.
What do we know about hemophilic infection?
In practice, this pathology is called CIB infection, it develops as a result of infection with the so-called Afanasyev-Pfeiffer pathogen. There is no exact statistics on such a disease, as it is often confused with a common cold or viral disease. Children under 6 years of age who attend pre-school are most susceptible to infection.
The pathogen stick is transmitted exclusively by airborne droplets. First, the airways and the central nervous system are affected. Complications can be unforeseen and dangerous. Most often, infection of other organs develops in the form of suppuration and sepsis. To cure such a disease is quite difficult, but it is possible with timely diagnosis.
Until six months, the baby can not become infected with CIB, because it is still protected by maternal immunity. Even the absence of lactation does not affect this. In the future, sustained immunity to hemophilic infection as a result of vaccination is developed.
The initial symptomatology of pathology in all signs resembles a classic respiratory or viral disease. Later, CIB infection is manifested by one of the following ailments:
- purulent type meningitis;
- the development of septic processes;
- the development of inflammatory processes in the fiber, located directly under the skin;
- damage to the articular tissue.
Hemophilus infection is currently being vaccinated. The injection is administered on a specific system:
- the first vaccination is performed at 3 months of age;
- The next vaccination is at 4.5 months;
- then a vaccine against a hemophilic infection is administered at the age of six months;
- the final stage is considered inoculation in 1.5 years.
Also, in the subsequent baby under 5 years old, they must be vaccinated once.
Vaccination against hib infection for children
Since 2011, in our country it is considered mandatory to give all children a vaccine against CIB infection. But many parents still refuse vaccination due to the lack of information about the effect of the drug and its benefits.
For vaccination of young children, use vaccine form b:
The second vaccine is known to all moms as DPT. Such vaccination is considered to be complex, because with its help the body produces immunity to a number of complex diseases, in particular, to tetanus, whooping cough, diphtheria, as well as to polio.
Children under the age of 2 years old, the vaccine is injected intramuscularly in the upper third of the thigh, and the older child is injected into the shoulder, more precisely, into the deltoid muscle tissue.
Vaccination against CIB infection has several advantages:
- The pharmacological vaccine introduced according to a certain system allows protecting the baby against such diseases for an average of 4 years;
- the possibility of becoming ill with hemophilic meningitis is reduced by 85%;
- According to statistics from Dutch scientists, there have been no outbreaks of such an infectious disease in the country since the start of vaccine administration;
- when injected into the organism of the causative agent, the disease proceeds in a rather mild form without the onset of complicated consequences;
- vaccinated children attending preschool institutions are less likely to suffer from colds and viral diseases.
In our country, the pharmacological drug Hiberix is often used for vaccination against hemophilic infection. Such a substance is intended for intramuscular injection, and in special cases - subcutaneously. Together with the vaccine, a solvent is being produced - sodium chloride with 0.9% concentration. Typically, the vaccine is made in powder form, and the solvent is a colorless liquid.
Vaccination of such pharmaceutical agents can be carried out in babies from 6 weeks to 5 years old.
In the Russian Federation, a vaccination calendar has been established, in accordance with which a system for performing hemophilic infection vaccines has been developed. The powder must be dissolved in a liquid at the rate of 0.5 ml per a single dose of vaccine and shaken well.
Powder without residue must be completely dissolved, and in general the vaccine is clear. If there are any impurities or crystals, such a vaccine should not be administered. Diluted pharmaceutical should be used within one working day. With the introduction of the vaccine each time you need to take new gloves, a medical syringe and sterile needles.
Hiberiks are allowed to be administered on the same day along with other vaccines according to our country's vaccination schedule. The administration of Hiberiks is also permitted if the test for HIV is positive.
As already mentioned, Hiberiks is administered before the age of two intramuscularly in the thigh and then in the shoulder. However, in case of a violation of blood clotting, the vaccine is injected subcutaneously.
This pharmacological drug has a number of contraindications. So, it is not allowed to vaccinate a child using Hiberix in such cases:
- with individual hypersensitivity to individual elements of the composition of the vaccine;
- with the manifestation of allergic reactions to previously introduced vaccines;
- with the development of diseases in the acute form;
- in case of an exacerbation of the pathology of a chronic type, inoculation should be postponed and carried out no earlier than one calendar month after full recovery;
- with increasing temperature threshold on the background of various diseases.
Within two days after vaccination, side effects may occur, in particular:
- urge to vomit;
- slight redness of the skin;
- puffiness at the vaccination site;
- decreased appetite;
- anxiety and capriciousness;
- feverish state;
- unreasonable cry baby.
To prevent the development of complicated consequences, namely the reaction of the anaphylactic type, after vaccination the treating specialist observes the baby for another half an hour. Such a drug is released in pharmacies only prescription method.
What advises Komarovsky?
The well-known doctor Komarovsky gives parents some tips on how to prepare a baby for vaccination and avoid complications:
- a few days before inoculation, no new products need to be introduced into the diet;
- the baby should be more open air, but large crowds of people should be avoided so that it does not catch the infection;
- a couple of hours before vaccinating a child does not need to be fed;
- it is best to wait in the queue near the doctor’s office to instruct the father, and in the meantime, with the baby, take a walk outside;
- after vaccination, the crumbs need to drink more dried fruit compotes;
- the air in the room should be constantly ventilated and be slightly humidified;
- when manifestations of side effects of the baby need to show the pediatrician;
- with an increase in the temperature threshold, Paracetamol may be taken (recall from the point of view of Komarovsky).
He also advises to adhere to a clear system of vaccination and take into account all existing contraindications.
Parents reviews about vaccination
On various forums and websites you can read the reviews of parents whose children have already had a vaccination against hemophilic infection. Many of them talk about the fact that the baby has become less sick with colds and quietly attends preschool. The vaccine itself for some babies was painful and they responded poorly to the drug, but all the symptoms disappeared within two days after vaccination.
Hemophilic infection is very dangerous. Complicated diseases that it causes sometimes can not be treated and can cause irreparable harm to children's health. Timely vaccination contributes to the development of antibodies, with the result that your baby will be able to resist a number of diseases, including hemophilic infection. Good health to you and your children!