Each of us donated blood to determine the value of hemoglobin. It allows you to determine the presence or absence of certain diseases, as well as to determine the general condition of the body. Parents are required to control hemoglobin in the child. The rate for each age is different, and it is important to know it - as well as the causes and effects of elevated or decreased hemoglobin.
Why do you need hemoglobin?
Hemoglobin is a complex protein found in red blood cells. It is he who supplies oxygen to the tissues. It is not difficult to guess that the lack of a substance affects the full supply of oxygen to tissues, and hence the work of the organs.
The amount of hemoglobin in the blood is measured in grams per liter. Even for the same person, these figures may vary depending on different conditions. For example, they may increase after exercise or walking. In strong and weak sex different indicators of this protein, and in children, of course, they also have their own.
What should be the hemoglobin in a child?
In different periods of life, the child's body experiences different oxygen demand, so the hemoglobin level changes. For each age of the younger generation - its own indicator.
In children up to a year
- Normally, hemoglobin values in a newborn baby should be as follows: 145-225 g / l. Then its level goes down.
- In an infant who is only 1 week old, he should be from 135 to 215 g / l.
- A week later, this number will decrease slightly - from 125 to 205 g / l.
- The norm of hemoglobin in a month-old baby should be 100-180 g / l.
- By 2 months the hemoglobin level reaches its minimum - from 90 to 140 g / l.
- In the analyzes of children from 3 months to six months, the following figures should normally be present: 95-135 g / l.
- For children from six months to 1 year, 100-140 g / l is considered normal. Starting at 6 months, the child is adapted to adult food, introducing complementary foods. From there, he just gets the necessary trace elements to raise hemoglobin.
Why at the very beginning of his life his baby level is higher? This is due to the fact that it replenishes the reserves of iron in the mother's womb, and now it takes important trace elements only from milk. By the way, during this period, nursing moms need to be especially prepared for foods rich in iron and vitamins B and C.
Have 2 years old babies
Hemoglobin in a 2-year-old child must comply with the indications from 105 to 145 g / l.
In children 3 years
The normal hemoglobin value in a 3-year-old child should be 110-150 g / l.
Table of hemoglobin rates in children
Hemoglobin in babies at an early age also depends on which week they were born: premature babies often have lower rates. If the mother breastfeeding the baby has normal hemoglobin, it means that the baby, as a rule (if there are no deviations), will have good values. If the mother has a genetically low level of this protein, then the infant is likely to be also inherited.
With a low content of hemoglobin (this condition is also called anemia), the so-called oxygen starvation of the body occurs. A person suffering from anemia looks pale, feels unwell, weakness, loss of appetite, overwork since the very morning, he has dizziness, fainting. Also, with anemia, immunity decreases, brain activity slows down. Therefore, children with low hemoglobin levels are usually given a hard school, where they are required to have very active physical and mental activity.
Anemia can develop due to diseases of the kidneys, liver, some infectious diseases, as well as oncology, hormonal changes, rapid development and active growth. In the postoperative period, there is also often a shortage of substances (due to blood loss).
However, most often (in about 80% of cases) the reason for the decrease in hemoglobin lies in the lack of vitamins B12, C, iron and folic acid, which is usually caused by improper diet or a violation of the gastrointestinal tract.
Low hemoglobin is observed in children, who were early torn off from the breast or not fed at all.
How to deal with anemia?
First of all, the child needs to choose the right and balanced diet, which includes foods rich in iron, folic acid, vitamins C and B12. In particular, it can be:
- beef, liver;
- pistachios, cashews, pine nuts;
- pumpkin seeds;
- cereals - buckwheat, lentils, oatmeal;
- whole wheat bread;
- corn, peas;
- spinach, lettuce and other leafy vegetables;
- egg (yolk);
- fish (cod, mackerel, sardine, salmon, carp);
- wild rose, black currant, sea buckthorn.
Such products should be consumed daily by the mother who feeds the baby. And in order for iron to be absorbed better, you need to take it along with vitamin C (for example, after eating you can drink a glass of freshly squeezed orange juice).
It often happens that after the birth of a child, a woman rushes to save her bloated figure and sits on all sorts of diets. It is absolutely impossible to do so if you are breastfeeding. The baby should receive all the necessary vitamins and minerals, and the longer you feed naturally, the better for the baby.
In addition to food, you need to adjust and lifestyle. It should be more often in the open air (at least 2 hours a day), to engage in physical education and gymnastics.
Hemoglobin levels need to be constantly monitored to solve problems in the early stages and not bring the matter to the development of a serious disease.
It is much more common to have a substance deficit, but hemoglobin in a child may deviate from the norm in the opposite direction. The reasons for this may be different, ranging from dehydration of the body or the poor performance of the heart and ending with cancer.
A hemoglobin level above standard can have dangerous consequences:
- bleeding disorders;
- the appearance of clots and plaques that can lead to various diseases - for example, thromboembolism;
- mental retardation.
To lower hemoglobin, you need to temporarily eliminate foods high in iron (listed above) and foods high in animal proteins, and give your child plenty of water to drink. However, one should not blindly follow these recommendations - it is better to consult a pediatrician first. Most likely, first you will be sent to retake the analysis.
If you are worried that your child's hemoglobin levels are different from the norm, you should contact your doctor. Low or elevated levels of this substance may indicate the presence of certain diseases, and it is the doctor who must prescribe the appropriate treatment or set of measures to bring hemoglobin back to normal.