Due to various reasons and under the influence of a number of factors, parasitic worms, more commonly known as helminths or worms, can enter the human body. They parasitize the human body, delivering many inconveniences. Sometimes worms can cause the development of serious diseases and pathologies. It is believed that children are more susceptible to worms in the body than adults. Many wonder why helminths appear in humans, their symptoms, and treatment. This will be discussed in our article.
Human Worms: Symptoms and Routes of Infection
There are several types of worms or so-called stomach worms. Specialists treat individual types: roundworms, round or tapeworms, pinworms, Giardia and nematodes.
There are many reasons for the appearance of parasites in our body. According to medical statistics, most of the body is exposed to worms in subtropical and tropical climatic conditions. In addition to the causes of worms include the following:
- food contaminated with pathogens;
- contaminated water containing bacteria and worms;
- improperly cooked meat products, that is, have not undergone the desired heat treatment;
- dirty nails and hands;
- unbalanced nutrition;
- weakened immunity;
- defective functioning of the digestive tract;
- unsanitary living conditions;
- AIDS or HIV infection in the body;
- contact with animals suffering from helminthiasis.
It is believed that the worms can enter the body through bare feet, if you walk on the infected ground.
The presence of worms in the body is accompanied by the following symptoms:
- lack of feeling of satiety after eating;
- hypersensitivity of the digestive tract;
- pain in the stomach;
- Gastrointestinal Disorder, in particular diarrhea;
- depletion of the body;
- drastic weight loss;
- excessive gassing;
- abdominal distention;
- bad sleep;
- unpleasant smell from the mouth;
- the presence of helminths in feces;
- irritability and anxiety;
- the appearance of dark circles under the eyes.
In the presence of pinworms in the body, a person may experience uncharacteristic itching in the anal passage. If the organism is affected by nematodes, then the patient will suffer from a permanent disorder of the gastrointestinal tract. And the presence of ascaris causes such symptoms:
- constipation or, conversely, diarrhea;
- sharp weight loss.
Round helminths can trigger the development of serious pathologies, such as inflammation of the intestines and damage to the lungs. If a person has giardia in his body, then he will certainly feel pathological weakness and pain in the lower limbs. Treatment of giardiasis in adults and any other pathology associated with parasitism of helminths should be carried out under the supervision of a specialist in order to avoid the development of complicated consequences.
Treatment of worms: the main aspects
When the slightest symptoms of the presence of worms in the body, you should immediately contact the hospital and undergo a full-scale examination. As practice shows, to identify the presence of worms in several ways:
- by passing feces for analysis;
- by taking a three-day scraping;
- by delivering comparative biomaterial samples and blood analysis.
Such diagnostic methods are prescribed by the treating specialist based on the patient’s complaints and characteristic symptoms.
Antihelminthic drugs of a wide spectrum of action
To effective pharmacological drugs, the action of which is aimed at the destruction of worms, include:
Vermox from worms
Treatment specialists prescribe Vermox intake in the presence of worms in the body. This pharmaceutical agent deals with various types of parasitic worms, in particular, with pinworms, whipworm, trichinae, ascaris, echinococcus. After starting Vermox, the worms die out after 3 days.
The dosage of tablets can be prescribed only by the attending specialist, since it directly depends on the type of worms, weight category and age of the patient. In the presence of pinworms, the patient is prescribed a single dose of 1 tablet, with the development of more serious diseases, for example, trichinosis, 3-4 tablets are prescribed three times a day. In this case, the treatment course is from 3 to 5 days.
The active ingredients of Vermox are absorbed into the intestines, not into the blood. The drug is excreted from the body along with feces and urine.
Pharmaceutical drug Pirantel in pharmacies is sold in the form of a suspension and tablets. Once in the body, Pyrantel has a paralytic effect on helminths. They are not able to move, multiply. Pyrantel should be taken until all the larvae hatch and are destroyed. Pyrantel is excreted from the body along with dead worms through fecal masses.
Most often, Pirantel is appointed by the attending specialist when ascariasis, necatoriasis or enterobiosis is detected. Suspension is taken once after a meal, but if the doctor has established a helminth lesion, the dosage increases. The pills begin to act later, and before taking them you must definitely chew them. The dosage of Pirantel can be prescribed only by the attending specialist in accordance with the diagnosis and weight category of the patient.
We get rid of worms using traditional medicine
Be sure the treatment of worms should be comprehensive. Self-treatment should not be. Before taking any drugs and folk remedies need to consult a parasitologist.
In folk medicine, use the following tools to combat worms:
- onion jam;
- wormwood decoctions;
- pumpkin seeds;
- field horsetail;
If you have the slightest symptoms and any worries about the presence of worms in the body, be sure to contact your doctor and take tests. After the diagnosis, the parasitologist will be able to prescribe a comprehensive treatment course. Remember that some types of helminths can cause the development of complicated consequences and serious pathologies, so it is better not to engage in self-treatment. Be healthy!