Even for modern medicine to list all the causes of headaches is not possible. The uniqueness of pathology as a symptom lies in many factors. Almost every patient has come across such an unpleasant phenomenon, and repeatedly, but at the same time, each will describe the headache in different ways, give it different characteristics.
In accordance with this, with regular and severe pain, doctors are forced to send the patient to an additional list of studies, in order to identify the root cause, to assign the appropriate treatment.
Frequent headaches: causes
The most important mistake for frequent headaches is the independent and uncontrolled intake of pain medication. Unfortunately, this treatment tactic is found in almost 100% of cases.
To successfully treat a headache, with minimal or no consequences for the body, it is necessary to understand and identify the root cause of regular headaches. And only after that proceed to treatment, drug therapy. Today, doctors can point out many causes of headaches, of which there are more than a few hundred. But still, among them are the most common and the most characteristic.
These include, first of all, failures in the regulation of the tone of the arteries and veins, which form the vascular system of the brain. For example, migraine, a condition in which the pain is paroxysmal in one of the halves of the head. Also characterized by the appearance of nausea, photophobia, loss of visual fields. Do not forget about the regulation of blood pressure - hypertension, and its complications. In hypertension, the pain in the head will be severe, pressing, throbbing, its main location is the neck and neck region.
Some infectious processes can also cause headaches; an intense and poorly controlled headache is characteristic of infectious and inflammatory diseases of the lining of the brain. In addition, infections such as influenza, acute respiratory infections, herpes zoster, etc., can also cause headaches. Among inflammatory diseases, sinusitis, periodontitis most often cause pain, even pulpitis and wisdom teeth teething can cause an unpleasant symptom.
Diseases of the musculoskeletal system, in particular osteochondrosis of the cervical spine, can also cause regular and rather intense headaches, these are the so-called stress pains, which are also characteristic of diseases of the muscles of the upper extremities and neck.
In pregnant women, persistent headaches can be a manifestation of severe forms of preeclampsia. It is impossible to ignore head injuries and tumor processes, acute and chronic intoxication of the organism as a whole.
Psychogenic causes of headache are distinguished into a separate group. Each of us noticed that after overwork, stress often has a headache. Such conditions are most characteristic of persons with increased anxiety, overt depression. The characteristics of the pain are constricting, pressing. Pain, as a rule, does not have a strict localization and can migrate. An important feature is that it does not increase during exercise.
It is very important to remember that frequent and severe headaches, without taking into account the cause, appear when stimulating pain receptors that are located in the vessels of the brain and its membranes. The gray matter itself and the cerebral cortex, can not hurt, because they do not have pain receptors. And even if the cause of the headache is to hide precisely in the substance of the brain, for example, a tumor, then the pain will appear only if it is involved in the process of the membranes of the brain. Therefore, headache in the back of the head, which occurs with hypertension, is quite common. But tumor processes can be asymptomatic for a long time.
To achieve the best results in treatment, an integrated approach is used in therapy. The treatment can be used magnetic and laser therapy, acupuncture, manual techniques, and of course, the appointment of drugs.
Headache often occurs under different circumstances, and if in one case it is associated with magnetic storms and overwork and will pass on its own, then in other cases it may be a symptom of serious pathologies that require immediate intervention and treatment. For these reasons, it is necessary to be attentive to the signals that the body gives and to consult a specialist in time.