Headache is different. Scientists have more than 200 types of this symptom, but in any case, it is very painful to endure. Often life becomes simply unbearable. If you have a headache in the forehead, you need to sort out the many reasons for this and find a solution.
Pain - cause or effect?
A squeezing feeling in the frontal part of the head, which turns into pain in one or both of the temples, can all be a separate disease, for example, a migraine. Then the pain is conditionally called primary. It happens and only symptomatic manifestation, for example, with the familiar flu. In this case, the pain is considered to be secondary.
Why does my head ache in the forehead? The reasons for this may be the most diverse: the use of nitrate-containing products, overeating chocolate, insufficient or excessive hours of sleep, poor posture, abuse of sex, nervous tension, the common cold, changes in the climate zone ... You can list for a long time. Let us examine the most common causes of pain in the forehead.
Inflammatory and infectious diseases
SARS and flu
The nose is constantly laid, and it can not be cleaned - there is a pressing feeling in the nose and forehead, and often in the temples and above the eyebrows.
During the course of the disease (or already after it), a complication in the form of sinusitis - inflammation of the nasal sinus mucosa may occur. Along with congestion and pain in the nose and frontal part, there is copious discharge from the nose, increased body temperature. The pains are aggravated by movements and sharp turns of the head.
Pain in the frontal part is observed with the following types of sinusitis:
- antritis (inflammation of the maxillary sinus). It is recognized by purulent discharge from the nose. This does not end the symptoms: often the patient's body temperature rises, chills and lethargy appear. When lowering the head to the sides and down, the pain intensifies;
- frontalitis (inflamed frontal sinus). With him, it hurts his head in the morning, and during the day there is a weakening of pain. In patients with an acute form, in addition to having a headache in the forehead and nose, the sense of smell is also reduced and pain appears in the eyes, and swelling may be observed on the forehead (due to impaired blood circulation);
- ethmoiditis (inflamed ethmoid sinus). It is characterized by recurrent pain, usually appearing at the same time of day. Along with a runny nose, as a rule, there is an increased body temperature.
Be sure to make an appointment with the otolaryngologist (Laura), who will prescribe antibacterial or other necessary drugs and physiotherapy. If you do nothing and self-medicate, which is often wrong, you can start the ailment and earn serious complications.
With meningitis, a very dangerous disease that is characterized by inflammation of the lining of the brain, the head hurts extremely; the pain is increasing and difficult to control. However, this is not the only symptom: there are also:
- elevated temperature;
- possible loss of consciousness;
- sensitivity to light and sounds;
- pain in the joints and muscles;
- loss of appetite;
- rash on the body;
Often, meningitis is lying on its side, head hanging back and pulling his knees to the stomach. If there is a suspicion of this disease, you should immediately call a doctor.
This is another severe inflammatory brain disease in which there are:
- severe headaches;
- deviations in the work of the visual apparatus: eyelid omission, doubling, lack of movement of the eyeballs;
- nausea and vomiting;
Dengue Fever, Typhoid, Malaria
Tropical fever, or dengue fever, is an acute viral infection that mosquitoes transmit. You can pick it up in tropical countries where our fellow tourists like to go (for example, in Thailand). According to the symptoms, the fever is similar to the flu: the sick person has sore muscles and muscles, there is a fever, an elevated temperature (up to 39-40 ° C), a headache in the forehead area. If you just recently returned from a tropical country, perhaps you should visit an infectiologist.
In this part of the world, you can become infected with both malaria and typhus. Of course, it is unlikely that you have a headache in the forehead area due to such exotic diseases, but still it is possible. Their symptoms are similar to those in "our" diseases. For example, malaria manifests itself with chills, sweating, fever, fever, headache, so experts must say their weighty word.
Stress and neurosis
Dull, squeezing head pain in the frontal part of the head may occur due to severe physical or emotional fatigue, stress. Pain impulses cover the neck first, and then go to the occipital and frontal parts of the head. Sometimes they "shoot" in the eyes. When describing such pain, they often use the expression “as if pulled together with an iron ring,” or, on the contrary, patients have the feeling that their head will burst, explode.
When migraines are pronounced severe pain in the temporal and frontal lobes of the skull, although the pain can still "move" in the eye area and concentrate in the back of the head. During an exacerbation, nausea and even vomiting may be troubling. If you have a headache in the forehead and eyes are not the first time, then perhaps you suffer from migraine attacks. The pains are so intense that it is impossible to concentrate on something, the patient’s condition is very depressing, he is extremely susceptible to light and sounds.
Increased or reduced intracranial pressure
With low blood pressure often headache in the forehead and feel sick. All this is combined with additional manifestations:
- ringing in the ears;
- constant desire to sleep;
- dizziness and "asterisks" before eyes.
When the pressure rises, the nerve endings in the arteries are compressed, and therefore pain occurs. Concomitant symptoms may be:
- lethargy, weakness;
- dizziness, faintness;
- frequent heart rhythm;
- excessive sweating;
- sore eyes.
To identify the cause of such pain, you need to make an appointment with the therapist and be examined (x-ray, MRI).
Headaches in the forehead can occur due to injuries. For example, this is one of the signs of concussion (however, in this case, there will be other symptoms: nausea, vomiting, dizziness).
If you hit your head with something, a hematoma could form that caused the headaches. In this case, there is usually swelling on the forehead, and the pain lasts a short time.
A concussion, a brain contusion, a fracture of the frontal bone — all this can be accompanied by severe pain in the forehead area. But if you do not hit, do not get injured, then these diagnoses can be ruled out. If a child has a headache in the forehead area, you should ask him if he has recently bumped, has anyone pushed him, etc.
Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine can also cause pain in the forehead. The head will hurt precisely because of the pinching of the nerve. If you have a suspicion of osteochondrosis (for example, your hands go numb after sleeping, there was pain in the spine at the neck), in this case you need to visit a neurologist.
Increased intraocular pressure
Astigmatism, optic neuritis, and other eye diseases that are characterized by increased intraocular pressure are another “root of evil.” If you have noticed, besides the pain, some other signs (cutting in the eyeballs, eye strain), consult an ophthalmologist.
The cause of headaches can be a tumor of the blood vessels or lobes of the brain, bones of the forehead, etc. Register to start with a neurologist and go through the necessary diagnosis.
Common Causes in Children
If a child has a headache in the forehead area, then, perhaps, the reason for this is:
- migraine (especially if one of the parents suffers from it, because this problem is inherited);
- high blood pressure.
Practice shows that these are the most common reasons why children have a headache in this place.
Headache in the forehead - what to do?
You can not just block the pain pain pills: they stop it only for a while, while they can not get involved. First of all, it is necessary to eliminate the very cause of pain, and in some cases it should be done immediately. Ignoring the problem or improper treatment can lead to serious health and life-threatening complications. If you often have a headache in the forehead, be sure to seek help from a specialist and go through the prescribed treatment.
How to ease the pain?
Before communicating with the doctor, the patient should:
- Lie down in bed or take a half-sitting position.
- Put a towel dipped in cold water on the forehead.
- Provide silence, turn off the bright light, ventilate the room.
- If the pain is unbearable, you can take a pill ("Citramon", "Solpadein", "Ibuprom", "Pentalgin" and others).
- Drink plenty of water and observe diet.
- Do not make sudden movements.
- Massage the neck, neck, eyebrows, temples.
Thus, the causes of headaches in the forehead are very many-sided, and therefore it is important to consult a doctor. Only he, on the basis of research and analysis, will be able to figure out what's the matter, and prescribe adequate treatment that will relieve from severe discomfort.