Today, about 3 people out of 1000 suffer from diseases such as gout. For the first time this pathology was found in older people during the time of Hippocrates. Then this disease was called royal. Let's talk on the topic: gout, its treatment at home.
Gout: First Symptoms
Previously, this disease appeared in the elderly. Today, this pathology is getting younger. Gout disease affects mainly representatives of a strong half of humanity who have reached the age of 40. Treating specialists the occurrence of gout is associated with impaired metabolic processes. When the organs of the urinary system function improperly, salt crystals of uric acid accumulate in the body, which are deposited primarily in the articular tissues.
As a rule, pathology initially affects the articular tissues of the legs, in particular, the thumb. Most often, metabolic disorders associated with improper diet and alcohol abuse. The following symptoms are indicative of gout disease:
- tissue overgrowth of the affected joint;
- severe pain syndrome;
- increase in temperature threshold;
- redness of the skin in the area of joint inflammation.
The first symptoms are accompanied by severe pain, and if you do not take measures to treat the disease, the pain will disappear in about a week. Then the pain syndrome will reappear due to the accumulation of salt crystals. If you do not start treating gout in a timely manner, it can lead to disability.
Signs of pathology and treatment at home
The clinical picture of gout is pronounced, so confusing this pathology with another disease is almost impossible. Conditionally treating specialists distinguish three stages of gouty arthritis:
- asymptomatic (initial);
When the disease begins to emerge, the person alone will not be able to diagnose the development of pathology in himself. Gout at the initial stage is asymptomatic. This stage can last from several weeks to 25 years. When gouty arthritis enters the acute stage, it is easy to diagnose such a pathology. At this stage, a complete clinical picture is formed, in particular:
- puffiness appears in the area of inflammation of the articular tissue;
- the temperature threshold rises sharply;
- there is a sharp pain syndrome;
With the development of chronic gouty arthritis, painful attacks will be permanent. Also people suffering from gout are susceptible to diabetes. The level of cholesterol rises to a critical point.
As practice shows, it is possible to cure gouty arthritis at home. In extreme cases, surgery may be required. In no case should you start treating gout on your own. The patient needs to undergo a full-scale examination and perform only those activities that are prescribed by the attending specialist. The treatment course should be comprehensive and include:
- adherence to a diet and a balanced drinking regimen;
- taking pharmacological drugs;
If the primary symptoms of gout are manifest, you should immediately go to a medical institution and undergo a full-scale examination. As already mentioned, treatment should be comprehensive. First of all, doctors strongly recommend the patient to adhere to the diet. It is necessary for the normalization of metabolic processes in the body.
Diet to the rescue
To get rid of gouty arthritis, you must follow a diet. Most often, treating experts prescribe the diet № 6. The principles of such nutrition are very simple:
- the patient needs to enrich his diet only low-calorie foods;
- meals should be fractional and regular at least 5 times a day;
- it is necessary to normalize the drinking regime, that is, you should drink at least 3 liters of purified water during the day;
- diet should be balanced;
- overweight people should definitely drop an average of 1.5 kg per month.
When gout in no case be starved, otherwise the condition may worsen. The attending specialist paints only the principles of the diet. So, during the treatment of gout, you should refuse to eat the following products:
- smoked meat;
- spicy food;
- fried foods;
- black tea and coffee.
It is necessary to exclude all seasonings from a diet except table vinegar and a bay leaf. During the treatment of gout, table salt should not be in food. It must be eliminated in order to normalize the metabolic processes and prevent the appearance of new salt deposits.
To get rid of the disease, you should eat these foods:
- fermented milk;
Do not forget about compliance with the drinking regime. Purified water contributes to the rapid removal of salt crystals from the body.
Therapy for gouty arthritis with medication
Any pharmacological drugs are allowed to take only after consultation with the attending specialist. As practice shows, doctors prescribe pharmaceuticals that block pain syndromes and prevent the occurrence of relapses.
For the treatment of gouty arthritis, the following medications can be taken:
The exact dosage and duration of treatment can be prescribed only by the doctor, depending on the severity of the disease, the age of the patient, his physiological characteristics.
Treatment of folk remedies
The treatment of gouty arthritis with iodine has gained unprecedented popularity. There is an opinion that with the help of such a simple pharmacy means it is possible to reduce the resulting salt lump on the joint.
Healing composition with iodine
- iodine - 10 g;
- aspirin tablets - 5 pcs.
Preparation and use:
- In a separate container, grind aspirin tablets to a powder.
- Fill the dry mass with iodine and mix well.
- Apply the mixture to the inflamed area.
- Wear warm socks or gloves. It is best to perform such a procedure at bedtime.
Herbalists advise for the treatment of gout to use a variety of infusions, decoctions and compresses. Do not forget that a truly effective result can be achieved only with complex treatment. You can combine pharmacological drugs and traditional medicine only after consulting with your doctor.
Features of the treatment of gout in the legs
Most often, as already mentioned, salt crystals of non-excreted uric acid accumulate in the joint tissues of the legs, so you should elaborate on the features of the treatment of the disease that develops in the lower extremities.
For the treatment of gouty arthritis on the legs should follow the diet number 6. In addition, the attending experts advise you to massage the feet, baths and compresses. Use of ointments is allowed. Many people try to get rid of the disease with the help of traditional medicine, in particular:
- butter and alcohol;
- sage broth;
- honey mustard compress.
There is an opinion that the systematic consumption of apples and watermelon also contributes to the cure of gouty arthritis.
Do not forget that for the treatment of such an insidious disease like gout, you should follow a diet and lead a healthy lifestyle. Alcohol, tobacco and salt are prohibited. Do not start self-treatment, be sure to consult a doctor. Late treatment of gout can lead to disability. Be healthy!