A variety of drugs, advertising, pouring from TV screens and promising deliverance from all ills in just 1 day - all these factors push the modern person to self-treatment. However, many do not think about how dangerous the uncontrolled intake of drugs can be. For laxatives this applies fully. How to choose these drugs to avoid the effect of addiction and other threats to health?
What are dangerous laxatives?
Uncontrolled intake of these drugs can lead to dehydration, cause chronic constipation and a lot of other equally serious problems. Only a competent specialist is capable of choosing non-addictive non-addictive drugs.
By neglecting this rule, you can seriously undermine your health. Constant stimulation weakens the muscles of the intestines, and the irritating effect of the liquid stool can cause inflammation of the anus and the appearance of cracks. In addition, uncontrolled intake of laxative drugs, including those of plant origin, can lead to the following consequences:
- reducing the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins;
- loss of body protein and potassium;
- lengthening of the rectum;
- violation of the digestive tract.
To prevent addictiveness and its potential consequences, it is important to learn that a doctor should select weaknesses. In addition, you should not rush to take pills: a chair once every 2 days is the norm, and not a malfunction of the gastrointestinal tract, as many believe. Eating foods that contain large amounts of fiber, observing the proper drinking regimen is a guarantee that your bowels will be emptied (and independently) in time.
What laxatives can be addictive?
Basically, this effect is achieved when taking irritant preparations based on extracts and extracts of various plants (buckthorn, senna, Zhostera). After several doses of such drugs, a person notices a decrease in their effectiveness, which forces him to increase the dosage time after time. Thus, dependence on the laxative, weakening of the intestinal muscles and the inability to empty it independently develop. To avoid this effect allows frequent changes of drugs.
If the addiction to a laxative has already formed, you can solve this problem by contacting a doctor. Basically, for this purpose, the use of benign laxative preparations is used, allowing the intestines to gradually recover, without the development of toxic poisoning of the body caused by the stagnation of feces. But it is best to initially visit a specialist, to identify the cause of the problem, to find an adequate treatment and non-addictive weaknesses.
What medicines can you safely take?
These drugs do not eliminate the main cause of constipation, but with their long-term use does not develop "lazy bowel syndrome". They stimulate the accumulation of water in the intestinal lumen and the increase in osmotic pressure. This, in turn, activates emptying.
Acceptance of osmotic drugs is allowed for a maximum of 2-3 months, because even the best laxative can be caused by side effects when taken regularly. If this period is exceeded, excretion of an excessively large amount of electrolytes begins, which is very dangerous for people suffering from heart failure.
Prebiotics or a group of indigestible carbohydrates
This group includes lactulose, fructooligosaccharides, as well as inulin and other substances that do not undergo digestion in the upper part of the gastrointestinal tract. When they reach the colon, the development of sour-milk microflora starts here, which contributes to a better cleansing of the body. These effective laxatives have a beneficial effect on the work of the digestive tract.
The only side effect that occurs when taking such drugs is increased gas formation. It is observed for a maximum of 2-3 days after the start of prebiotics.
This group includes substances of plant origin and synthetic polysaccharides: agar-agar, flax seed, methylcellulose, sterilia and others. All these substances are practically not amenable to digestion and absorption. Once in the intestine, they are saturated with water, causing a reflex reaction (contraction of the intestinal wall) and "pushing" the fecal matter. To increase the effectiveness of such drugs, it is necessary to drink up to 2 liters of liquid at the same time as they are taken. It is also worth considering that from reception to the beginning of the action of representatives of the bulk group usually takes about 8 hours.
Such addictive non-addictive agents can cause excessive gas formation. In addition, increased fluid intake ensures frequent visits to the toilet due to frequent urination.
Oil preparations or detergents
This group includes petrolatum, fennel and other oils, as well as special liquid paraffin, which improves the gliding of feces in the small intestine. The effect of taking such drugs is observed after a maximum of 5 hours.
The main disorders arising from the uncontrolled use of oil preparations are inflammation of the intestinal mucosa, damage to the liver and spleen, paraffin, which can be eliminated only by surgery. Removal of fat-soluble vitamins, irritation of the anus - not less common effects of uncontrolled medication.
Thus, the selection of a laxative is made taking into account the root cause of the problem. Despite the fact that non-addictive drugs seem safer, their illiterate reception is fraught with unpleasant consequences. Therefore, to obtain effective treatment you need to consult a doctor.