The clinical picture of such an extremely unpleasant disease can frighten and even shock. However, today this disease is successfully treated - glossitis. Symptoms, treatment depends on its type. In this case, the illness can be both an independent and a minor companion of other health problems.
Glossitis - what is it?
Glossitis is an inflammation of the tongue. By itself, the disease is rare. It is mainly a comorbid disease (for example, for measles, scarlet fever, diphtheria, influenza, blood diseases, gastrointestinal tract, and oral cavity). Glossitis can be caused by infections, and can also develop as a result of injury to the tongue — for example, you can bite your tongue or burn hot foods. Chemical exposure or an allergic reaction can also cause glossitis. That is, in particular, hot spices or mouthwash can be the culprits.
An acute vitamin deficiency can also trigger the onset of a disease (for example, scurvy with a vitamin C deficiency) and, as a result, the tongue of the tongue.
Even the abuse of alcohol or tobacco can cause this inflammation. Chronic, prolonged glossitis is common in people with diseases of the nervous system, which periodically cause facial muscle cramps (you can bite your tongue); for gourmet amateurs of spicy exotic food or for those who wear dentures or crowns.
In any case, to identify the cause and appropriate treatment, you need to consult a doctor (general practitioner, Laura or dentist).
Glossitis: symptoms, treatment
There are acute and chronic glossitis. Acute can be superficial (damage to the epithelial and subepithelial layer) and deep (damage to the muscles).
- When the gloss is difficult to chew and swallow, the tongue swells and swells, it becomes soft. There are reddening, and the language itself can change color - from pale pink to bright red, crimson or burgundy. White, gray and even blue spots can form - it all depends on the type of glossitis.
- Salivation often increases, the affected areas ache and itch. But this is not always the case. Glossitis can be asymptomatic, and its presence can only be detected by inspection.
- The tongue with glositis can be eroded: seals, ulcers, ulcers, vesicles and all sorts of rash sometimes form on it. There may be folds, spots of various shapes, resembling a geographical map. The surface of the tongue in some cases becomes very smooth or, conversely, excessively "hairy."
- At the tongue, because of the atrophy or keratinization of the papillae, the ability to touch may disappear - it will be difficult to determine the food by touch, its temperature, etc. In addition, the mouthfeel may change its taste.
How to treat glossitis of the tongue?
Depending on the variety of glossitis, a specific treatment is prescribed. In some cases, you can know the reason for sure - for example, if you bit your tongue hard, and since then it does not give you peace of mind. But, as already noted, most often the disease appears as a concomitant phenomenon. Accordingly, it is necessary, first of all, to eliminate the cause of the underlying disease.
If you have seen the symptoms of glossitis, first you should make an appointment with a doctor. And while you're waiting for him, there are a number of measures designed to help.
- We remove everything that provokes an even greater development of the disease: spicy, hot food, any "chemistry", whether it be Coca-Cola or mouth freshener.
- Cooking antiseptic solution. For example, you can take furatsilin (2 tablets per cup of medium size), or 0.5% chlorhexidine, or potassium permanganate (2 tsp. 0.01-0.25% solution stir in a glass with warm water) . With the chosen remedy we rinse your mouth 3 times a day, after meals and 2 hours before the next meal.
- Additionally, you can do the rinsing of the infusion of chamomile, calendula, oak bark or juice of raw potatoes.
- If you do not want to mess around with solutions, you can buy it at the Hexasprey pharmacy and make 2 injections 3 times a day (regardless of the meal). The medicine kills pathogens.
- You may also need painkillers, antibiotics, immunostimulating complexes, and vitamins. But, whatever the etiology of glossitis, treatment, drugs should be prescribed by a doctor.
Glossitis language quite quickly and successfully treated. Only in some severe cases, surgical intervention is required. Follow the recommendations of the doctor, be attentive to the diet at the time of treatment - and you will certainly get better, your tongue will return to its former state.