You can’t even imagine how many of the simplest microorganisms surround us, which parasitize on internal organs. One of these microscopic parasites are Giardia. In adults, the symptoms and treatment of giardiasis have their own specifics. This is the topic of today's article.
Parasites "sadness and sadness"
The world first learned about Giardia as a parasitic microorganism in 1859. During laboratory studies, Professor Dusan Lyambl described these flagellated protozoa. There is an opinion that the creator of the microscope initially identified them in the early 18th century. A lot of time has passed, and medicine has made a tremendous step forward, however, no one has yet been insured against Giardiasis infection.
Giardiasis refers to the number of infectious diseases. Many people are interested in whether lamblia can be in the liver, and also what are the symptoms of their presence in the human body. Opinions of specialized doctors, namely infectious diseases and gastroenterologists, are divided on this issue. Many people believe that the ideal intestine for Giardia is the thin section of the intestine, and initially these parasites enter the stomach. The hepatic environment is detrimental to lamblia, so they cannot parasitize in the cells of this filtration organ.
Based on this, we can conclude that the nature of the development of giardiasis to this day has not been completely studied. A little later, we will return to the characteristic symptoms of the disease, and now I would like to draw attention to the ways of Giardia penetration into our body.
The simplest pathogenic parasites can penetrate their new habitat through raw water, as well as food. Another giardiasis is considered a disease of dirty hands. That is why it is very important to heat treat food products thoroughly and keep a close eye on hygiene.
Symptoms that betray a malevolent neighborhood of parasites
After lamblia enter our body, they are first located in the stomach and then transferred to the small intestine. It is this place that is their new "home" in which they feel comfortable and begin to actively reproduce. In rare cases, Giardia parasitize in the duodenum.
Symptoms of Giardia in adults, treatment with drugs and folk remedies have their own characteristics. Moreover, the therapeutic treatment profile doctor selects in each case individually. To this you will come back a little later, but now let's pay attention to the characteristic symptoms.
After the start of active parasitism of Giardia in the intestine, the person appears the following pathological signs:
- violation of the natural process of defecation (diarrhea or constipation);
- pain in the umbilical region;
- biliary dyskinesia.
As you can see, the characteristic symptoms of giardiasis are characteristic of other ailments. Painful sensations in the umbilical or epigastric part are often found in reproduction of ascaris, pinworms and other helminths. Establish an accurate diagnosis of the profile doctor can only after obtaining the conclusion of a laboratory examination of feces. Giardiasis confirms the presence of cysts in the latter.
At the initial stage, most people do not even suspect that they suffer from giardiasis. That is why the diagnosis of the disease most often occurs at the stages of active parasitism Giardia. Later, a person may have complicated symptoms, in particular:
- changing eating habits;
- partial loss of appetite;
- pain in part of the right hypochondrium;
- excessive fatigue;
- periodical headaches;
- Quincke swelling, etc.
During the research, Dusan Lyambl called these parasites "sad and dreary." Later it became clear why these simplest microorganisms received exactly this characteristic. The development of giardiasis can provoke not only the above symptoms, but also a psychoemotional state disorder, unreasonable irritability, an abrupt change of mood.
If the development of giardiasis has affected the bile ducts, the patient's skin in some places may take on the icteric shade. On top of that, a person has cracked lips and so-called jam. The running form of giardiasis is characterized by additional symptoms:
- increased low-grade fever;
- rapid heartbeat;
- pain syndromes in the articular tissues;
- inflammation of the eyelids.
Drug treatment regimen
After the profile doctor has diagnosed the presence of lamblia in adults, the treatment is structured according to a specific pattern. Be sure to take drugs. Independently it is not recommended to take any therapeutic measures, since the treatment should be directed not at eliminating the symptoms, but at destroying the goal, that is, Giardia.
As medical practice shows, the treatment of this infectious disease consists of several stages. At the initial stage, which lasts no more than 14 days, the doctor recommends that you stick to your diet. It is a drastic change in eating habits that will prevent Giardia from multiplying. The basis of the diet is fiber and lean foods.
It is also necessary to improve the flow of bile, for which pharmacological preparations and phytomedications are used, in particular:
- stigma of corn.
In the process of reproduction Giardia provoke intoxication of the body. To remove all harmful substances, you need to take sorbing agents, for example:
- activated carbon, etc.
To eliminate the symptoms that have appeared, pharmaceuticals belonging to the group of antihistamines can be administered, for example, "Loratadine" or "Cetrin". Be sure to help our digestive tract to cope with its main task. To this end, the patient is advised to take medicines containing enzymes, in particular, “CREON”, “Pancreatin” or “Mezim”.
The purpose of the second stage of treatment is the destruction of Giardia. During this period, an infectious disease doctor or a gastroenterologist prescribes drugs of a narrow group that have a detrimental effect on the simplest parasites. These include the following pharmacological agents:
- "Ornidazole", etc.
Along with this, the patient necessarily accepts pharmacological agents containing enzymes, as well as sorbents.
The third stage of treatment is the final one. During this period, you need to take care of the restoration of digestive function, intestinal microflora and strengthening the immune system.
The doctor must prescribe the use of drugs from the group of pre- and probiotics, for example, Linex, Bifiform, etc. To strengthen the immunity, you should take a multivitamin complex, eat right. The goal of the whole treatment is not only to get rid of Giardia, but also to prevent their further appearance and parasitism.
Are herbal remedies effective?
We have already figured out with you what the symptoms of Giardia are in adults and how to treat this ailment with drugs. Some people prefer treatment with folk remedies. Do not forget that the reception of any herbal remedies must be coordinated with the doctor, otherwise you can not only neutralize the effect of the pharmaceutical preparation, but also harm yourself.
According to herbalists, the following traditional medicine remedies are considered destructive to Giardia:
- garlic infusions;
- decoction of horseradish;
- white grease, etc.
To make herbal remedies effective and safe, you need to properly prepare them, observing clearly all prescription proportions.
Giardiasis is a very cunning and at the same time delicate affliction. Remember that only a qualified doctor can help deal with the problem. Especially since the treatment requires an individual approach. If you experience even the slightest symptoms, take the necessary tests. Treatment started in a timely manner, is considered the key to a speedy recovery. Be healthy!