Of the second-generation antibiotics related to aminoglycosides, Gentamicin is most often prescribed. Of course, before taking any drug, you need to figure out how it affects our body. Today we will look at the cases when Gentamicin injections are prescribed, and the indications for the use of this drug.
Instructions for use injections Gentamicin: dose, course of treatment
The production of Gentamicin by pharmaceutical companies is carried out in the form of ointments, eye drops, powder for intravenous and intramuscular injections. Consider the features of gentamicin injections.
Indications for use
Gentamicin injections is used to treat serious infectious diseases:
- meningitis (inflammation of the membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord);
- infections in the blood;
- pulmonary infections;
- skin diseases;
- pathologies of bones and joints;
- diseases of the genitourinary system.
Gentamicin injections are not prescribed for acute respiratory infections, influenza and other colds.
Dose and treatment
An antibiotic is made in the form of a solution of 4% and 8%. As a rule, injections are prescribed 3 times a day in a muscle or a vein. When prescribing Gentamicin, an intravenous drip is put on for a time from 30 minutes to 2 hours, 2-3 times a day. The effect of the drug should manifest from the first days of treatment. The course of treatment must be completed completely, without missing a dose, since the wrong dosage contributes to the development of microbial resistance to antibiotics.
Depending on the severity and form of the infection, as well as the age of the patient, the idoses differ:
- single dose in adults from 0.4 mg / kg to 3.2 mg / kg;
- for newborns and infants, the daily dose is up to 5 mg / kg;
- children of the age category of 1-5 years prescribed 1.5-3 mg / kg;
- for children 6-14 years of age, the daily dose is up to 3 mg / kg.
Gentamicin can cause kidney problems, especially in the elderly. It should be immediately notified to the attending physician if, as a result of drug treatment, swelling of the face, arms, legs, urination problems, increased tiredness and weakness are observed.
Using Gentamicin may have a negative effect on hearing. If dizziness, hearing loss, ringing in the ears, then an urgent consultation with a doctor.
In addition, Gentamicin can cause disorders in the central nervous system. You should also notify the doctor about the appearance of burning or stinging in the arms, legs, muscle twitching and weakness.
Here is a general list of side effects that gentamicin shots can cause:
- decreased appetite;
- pain at the injection site;
- joint pain;
- fatigue (not previously observed).
The list of side effects, the appearance of which requires urgent medical care:
- rash on the body;
- blistering of the skin;
- swelling of the eyes, face, throat, tongue, or lips;
- difficulty breathing;
- laryngeal edema;
Gentamicin pricks: price and reviews
Gentamicin Sulfate can be purchased at any pharmacy. This drug is quite common. He is released on prescription. Depending on the concentration of the solution for injection, the price level of the drug in pharmacies of the Russian Federation ranges from 20 to 150 rubles per pack.
Many people leave comments that after a severe operation Gentamicin cured purulent inflammation when other medicines did not help. Some say that due to the accumulation of gentamicin, serious complications have arisen in the lymph of the inner ear. However, experts say that such complications are rare and occur mainly with repeated use of the drug in large doses.
On the question of the negative effect of the drug on bone tissue and joints, many answer that, rather, Gentamicin helps with diseases involving the destruction of bones.
Reviews of the drug can be found very different: both negative and positive. But one should not forget that each organism is individual, and, accordingly, can react differently to the action of the drug.
Gentamicin injections is a difficult medicine for the human body. It is used to treat serious diseases, but at the same time and health damage can be considerable. That is why all appointments should be made only by the attending physician. His instructions must be carried out thoroughly, and the doctor must be informed of all allergic reactions to which the body of the patient is susceptible, in order to avoid undesirable effects of the drug. Remember that the use of antibiotics on their own initiative is strictly prohibited. Be healthy!