Many faced such a problem as capillaries bursting in the eye. This unpleasant defect always appears at the wrong time and causes certain inconveniences. However, not everyone thought that this was not just a violation of the vessel walls, but a real hemorrhage in the eye. The causes and treatment of this phenomenon are also not known to everyone, but it would be worth thinking about it, because serious complications can arise.
Eye hemorrhage: causes and signs
It would seem, what could be terrible hemorrhage in the retina? Indeed, there is no particular danger if such a phenomenon was caused by such factors as:
- severe physical stress;
- strained cough;
- excessive stress;
- wrong lenses;
- long flight;
- overwork and lack of sleep.
However, doctors say that the list of possible causes does not end there. And although many of us don’t even think about it, hemorrhages in the eye can be factors:
- injuries of the eye, head, trunk or chest of varying severity and localization;
- various internal neoplasms also exert pressure on the blood vessels of the eyes;
- unnatural development of the vascular system of the eye;
- inflammatory processes in the iris or choroid, for example, bacterial conjunctivitis;
- visual impairment - myopia;
- common diseases of the circulatory system and blood vessels.
Diabetes mellitus, as well as atherosclerosis, arterial hypertension and other diseases of connective tissues lead to capillary fragility and decrease in the elasticity of blood vessels. However, any minor mechanical injury can lead to hemorrhage in the eye.
All these pathologies can cause hemorrhage in any area of the eyeball. Symptoms of its manifestation vary depending on the volume of blood spilled. These include:
- floating points;
- the appearance of a capillary mesh on the white of the eye;
- blood staining of part of the eyeball or pupil;
- sudden complete or partial loss of vision, but with residual photosensitivity.
In any case, the symptoms of hemorrhage in the eye can be distinguished without the use of additional tools and research.
What to do when such a symptom occurs?
You should not take any serious measures in case of appearance of bruises on the eyeball, if the eye does not hurt and the vision is not impaired. In all other cases, you must contact your ophthalmologist. Before a visit to the doctor's eye, it is necessary to provide first aid, which consists of the following number of procedures:
- First of all, you need to isolate the eye from exposure to sunlight and prevent the ingress of germs. To do this, the eyelid relies on an atiseptic bandage.
- On top of the bandage or gauze you need to put a cold compress for 10-15 minutes, but not more.
To eliminate the causes of hemorrhage, the doctor will need to conduct a series of laboratory tests and a medical examination of the eye with the help of special tools. If the damage to the eye shell is associated with serious diseases, the treatment of hemorrhage requires an integrated approach. Usually with the elimination of the cause, blood clots dissolve on their own. In rare cases, surgical removal of stiff bruising may be necessary.
If the eye does not bother the person, does not hurt and the vision is not impaired, then you can conduct self-treatment with medicines or with the help of traditional medicine.
Treatment of minor hemorrhage in the eye is paramount based on removing redness. To do this, use special vasoconstrictor drops, which are sold freely available at any pharmacy:
- Naphthyzinum for the eyes;
- Okumet and others.
In order to avoid relapses, doctors recommend to undergo a course of general therapy, which also consists in taking medications. The following medical devices do a good job:
- Aminocaproic acid;
- Potassium iodide.
In case of injuries and bruises of the eyeball of moderate severity, the ophthalmologist may prescribe a number of physiotherapeutic procedures with drugs and vitamin therapy.
Traditional medicine to help with eye hemorrhage
Before resorting to the help of traditional medicine, be sure to consult with your doctor about the possibility of using this additional type of treatment. All the "grandmothers" means based on the application to the patient's eye lotions or compresses of various infusions and decoctions. We give the most effective and effective of them.
Black tea brews
- 2 tsp. brewing black tea;
- ½ tbsp. boiling water.
Preparation and use:
- For the manufacture of infusion will need to pour black tea leaves of strong boiling water.
- Next, you need to tightly close the cup with a lid and wrap in a dishcloth. Leave the infusion in this state for 20-30 minutes.
- After the tea leaves are sufficiently brewed and cooled, you should moisten a cotton pad in the infusion and apply to the sore eye for 10-20 minutes.
- It is very important to keep calm. It is best to take a comfortable posture and relax.
- 4 tbsp. l crushed chicory root;
- 0.6 liters of drinking water.
Preparation and use:
- For the preparation of broth, you will need non-enameled dishes, as chicory has a tendency to stain.
- Chicory root should be chopped and placed on the bottom of the pan, pour water at room temperature.
- The broth must be boiled, stirring occasionally, boil for 2-3 minutes.
- After the time has elapsed, the fire must be turned off and the pan removed from the stove and let the broth brew for 10-15 minutes.
- Before use, the tincture is filtered through a fine sieve or gauze, folded in several layers.
- Take a decoction 3 times a day for ½ tbsp. after meal. It is also necessary to make lotions to the sore eye.
Sophora with eyeball injuries
- 1 tbsp. inflorescences Sophora Japanese;
- 1 tbsp. 56% alcohol.
Preparation and use:
- To prepare alcohol tinctures, pour the inflorescences of the Sophora onto the bottom of a glass bottle and pour in alcohol.
- Next, the bottle is supposed to wrap tightly with foil and put in a dark place for 21 days.
- Then the tincture is filtered through a fine sieve and taken orally 10 drops 4 times daily before meals.
Finally, I would like to note that if, in your opinion, the hemorrhage in the eye is insignificant, then consultation with a specialist will not be superfluous. An experienced doctor will select the correct course of treatment and prescribe prophylactic therapy in order to avoid recurrent hemorrhages. As an additional means of helping the patient's eye, you can also use various traditional decoctions, but you should not completely replace them with medical treatment.