In our time, it is probably impossible to meet a person who would not be faced with manifestations of an allergic reaction to something. The disease with the name "allergy" is familiar to many of us firsthand. It affects the human body from the inside and brings a lot of discomfort.
Allergies can be accompanied by completely harmless symptoms, since burning and itching, redness of the skin and mucous membranes. But it can also lead to more serious consequences (for example, to angioedema). Very often with allergies watery eyes, a person experiences discomfort, pain and burning. Nowadays, there are many effective remedies for this ailment: antihistamines, drops and eye ointments.
Allergic diseases of the eye and their features
The eyes are a very sensitive and tender organ. Despite all the factors of their protection from the environment, they are highly susceptible to various diseases and exposure to allergens. The organs of vision are in contact with dust, pollen and animal hair, which are strong catalysts of the disease.
In women, the cause of the reaction may be the use of poor quality mascara or eye shadow. Such cosmetics irritate the mucous membrane of the eyes, as a result of which they itch and water.
What are allergic diseases of the eye? Their large number, but most often there are:
Allergic dermatitis affects the skin of the eyelids. The use of certain cosmetics and work with chemicals (food industry, chemical production) can be a provocative factor. There is dermatitis of the eyelid edema, the appearance of eruptions in the form of blisters, itching and discomfort.
Allergic conjunctivitis can occur in a chronic and acute form. A person’s eyes become very red, there is a lot of tearing. In the acute form, very severe edema of the mucous membrane of the eye may occur - conjunctival chemosis.
Pollinic conjunctivitis has a seasonal dependence. The disease occurs when certain plants bloom in people who are too sensitive to pollen. The disease is characterized by sneezing and coughing, a runny nose, difficulty breathing, skin rashes, itching and redness. The mucous membrane of the eye becomes red, there is discomfort and tearing.
Keratoconjunctivitis (or spring catarrh) is also a seasonal disease. On the mucous membrane of the eyelids appear growths in the form of small papillae. Most often, Qatar is diagnosed in children, especially boys. They complain of severe itching, photophobia and tearing.
Angioedema of the eyelids in a short time extends to all parts of the eyeball, and leads to an increase in intraocular pressure. Allergy occurs on drugs (most often, on antibiotics from the sulfonamide group) and certain foods (for example, citrus fruits, eggs and chocolate products).
Most of all allergic diseases are people who constantly use contact lenses for vision correction. The fact is that pollen of plants, volatile chemicals, and other allergens often accumulate on them. In addition, the material from which the lenses are made and the solution for washing and storing may cause the reaction.
Children also often experience unpleasant allergy symptoms. The body of the child can not always cope with the aggressive environmental factors that affect him. In most cases, children develop a reaction to animal hair and pollen from flowers.
Allergy Treatment: Basic Ways
In case of allergies, antihistamines are prescribed for oral administration, vasodilators and antiallergic drugs, since allergic eye drops.
Eye drops are made to suit various requirements. They contain a certain dose of medicinal substance and auxiliary components. At the moment there is a large selection of anti-allergic eye drops. Allergy drops for children do not practically differ from adult analogues, although the dose of the main active ingredient in them is somewhat less. In general, the allergy treatment regimen looks like this:
- Eye antiallergic drops
- Ointments for topical use on the skin
- Anti-inflammatory drugs (if necessary)
- Eliminating or minimizing allergen
- After treatment, relapse prevention is carried out. It is conducted in 2 directions: strengthening the body as a whole and restoring its defenses to combat the allergen.
Drops from allergic conjunctivitis: description
Eye drops relieve discomfort in the eyes, relieve redness of the mucous membrane, itching, swelling, watery eyes. Some time after their use, photophobia and increased sensitivity to sunlight passes. There are 3 main categories of eye drops, which are prescribed for allergies.
Antihistamine drops contain chemicals that can suppress an allergic reaction. They quickly relieve the unpleasant symptoms of allergies, both in chronic and in acute course of the disease. Itching and swelling disappear after several medications. Tearing, which gives a lot of inconvenience to a person, also disappears.
This rapid effect is due to the fact that antihistamines block the release of histamine - a substance responsible for allergic processes in the body - and prevents it from entering the intercellular space. Side effects when using such drops for the eyes a bit and they appear quite rare. Representatives of this group of products: Lekrolin, Azelastine, Ketotifen, Opatanol, Olopatadin.
Anti-inflammatory eye drops can be steroid (hormonal) and nonsteroid. Such drugs are effective, capable in a short time to save a person from the manifestations of allergies, edema and itching.
Attention! The use of these funds must be coordinated with an ophthalmologist! Prolonged use of such drops can lead to glaucoma and "dry eye syndrome", as well as cause clouding of the lens. It is advisable to apply them only in cases where an infectious-inflammatory process is found in the eye. Representatives: "Akular" - non-steroid and "Lotoprednol" - steroid.
Vasoconstrictor drugs effectively relieve swelling and inflammation, but can be addictive. In addition, they penetrate the bloodstream through the blood vessels and can cause systemic reactions. This group includes "Vizin", "Octylia", "Ocmetil".
Due to the abundance of medicines, it is difficult for a person to figure out which of them is better and safer. Therefore, if you have an allergy, do not self-medicate! So you can only aggravate the situation. Consult a specialist. He will select the treatment that is necessary for you and will monitor the treatment process until your complete recovery.