"Eights", or wisdom teeth, very often bring troubles to their owners - in some cases because they didn’t cut through, in others - they didn’t cut through completely. And sometimes these molars (molars) are misplaced. Therefore, dentists practice the removal of a wisdom tooth in the upper jaw. Its consequences are different.
To delete or not to delete?
If the "eight" causes unpleasant, painful sensations, you should consult a doctor. The dentist will evaluate the condition of the tooth and decide whether to save it or better.
don't do that. Indications for removal:
- wrong tooth position;
- there is not enough space for a tooth to erupt;
- crowded teeth, the pressure of the "eight" on the nearby "brother";
- inflammation of the hood over the molar (pericoronitis);
- significant deformation of the tooth crown (caries).
There are also contraindications to the removal of wisdom teeth:
- exacerbation of serious diseases (cardiovascular, mental, etc.);
- severely shaky state of the body after surgery, chemotherapy;
- bleeding disorders (hemophilia);
- carrying a child. Removal of a wisdom tooth during pregnancy is possible only in case of emergency (flux, purulent inflammation). In this case, use special painkillers that do not contain substances that can penetrate the placenta. A safe period for dental surgery is considered 13-28 week.
Removal features and possible complications
Removing a wisdom tooth in the upper jaw is not an easy operation. However, such surgery is considered easier than the elimination of the lower "eights". Dentists claim that in most cases the operation goes without difficulty, and only sometimes the removal of a wisdom tooth in the upper jaw has adverse consequences.
An x-ray is taken before the surgeon’s work. Based on it, the specialist makes conclusions about the complexity of the upcoming actions. If the roots of the tooth are straight, not very long and most of the crown is located above the level of the gum, then the intervention will be quite simple. An operation is performed with forceps, usually with local anesthesia.
Complicating the situation is the presence of a polyurethinized (partially erupted) and impacted (impacted) wisdom tooth. In the process of carrying out such an operation, the doctor performs the following actions:
- the introduction of an anesthetic drug;
- incision in the gum;
- resection (removal) of bone tissue;
- removal of the upper wisdom tooth;
- well treatment;
- restoration of the cut off part of the gum in the same place;
When surgery to remove the top "eight" sometimes complications arise. Here are the most common ones:
- fracture of the root or end of the tooth. This usually happens if the molar removed significantly suffered from caries, and the doctor strongly pressed him with forceps;
- fracture or dislocation of a nearby tooth. The problem is also due to the fact that the surgeon, relying on him, made excessive efforts ,;
- gum or soft tissue injuries. This complication usually occurs due to the extremely inconvenient positioning of the tooth.
- pushing the roots of the tooth into the gums, soft tissue. A similar problem is associated with difficulties in accessing a tooth, the roots of which may shift under the influence of surgical instruments;
- breakdown of the alveolar process (bone tissue). The most common cause of this is the G8’s too deep grip. This feature usually does not affect the healing process of the hole. The specialist is required to smooth the pointed edges of the damaged bone tissue. This protects the well from inflammation (alveolitis);
- violation of the integrity of the bottom of the maxillary sinus. In modern dentistry, this phenomenon is very rare - thanks to a preliminary analysis of radiographic images. However, reviews indicate that sometimes the removal of a wisdom tooth in the upper jaw causes damage to the maxillary sinus. Most often this is due to inexperience or lack of qualification of the surgeon. This complication requires serious additional treatment.
A normal and common occurrence after the removal of the G8 is an increased body temperature. The state should be normalized in a day. If the temperature does not decrease, you should consult a doctor.
When and how to wait for healing?
After the removal of a wisdom tooth in the upper jaw, each patient is interested in how long the gum heals. Tissues begin to recover on average after 4 days. When 7 days have passed, the blood clot will remain only in the middle of the hole. And after 14 days the mucous surface will be fully restored. It takes about 3 months to complete internal healing. During this period, doctors advise to take care of their health:
- limit smoking and alcohol consumption;
- give up hot tubs;
- reduce physical exertion;
- refrain from strong mimic reactions.
Unfortunately, wisdom teeth are very often the reason for visiting the dental office. In some cases, the G8 retain, but there are also quite a few indications for their removal. This operation is considered quite simple, and only in rare cases complications arise. Much depends on the experience of the surgeon, the choice of instruments and the anesthetic drug. A good specialist removes the upper wisdom tooth quickly and without consequences.