Traveling to distant countries today will not surprise anyone, and even many exotic fruits, about which no one had heard before, today are increasingly appearing on store shelves. In order not to get entangled in this abundance and not get confused, visiting another country, in the variety of fruits growing there, it is worth getting to know gastronomic exotic closer.
Names of exotic fruits
Of the most unusual names, the following are worth mentioning: lychee, rambutan, mangosteen, durian, dragon eye, carambola, kumquat, breadfruit, feijoa, santola, papaya, tamarind, jackfruit, longan, pomelo, pepino, jujube, breadfruit, kivano, tamarillo , noni, baile, hand of buddha, mamme. As well as friends, but still belonging to the exotic: kiwi, banana, pineapple, mango, passion fruit, coconut, avocado, figs.
Annona scaly or differently sugar apple grows in the tropics of America, the Philippines, Pakistan and India. In appearance, it resembles a pine cone, and its white flesh is distinguished by the taste of custard.
The home of breadfruit is the Philippines and the islands of Southeast Asia. To taste its ripe fruits resemble bananas. And the cooked unripe fruit looks like freshly baked bread, which explains the amazing name of this fruit.
Cocoon belongs to the fruit, the fruits of which are similar to berries. They come in 3 colors: orange, red and yellow. Cocoon grows in the mountainous regions of South America. Its shape resembles tomatoes, and the taste is a combination of lemon and tomato.
The name Noni refers to a tropical fruit, also called Indian mulberry. It grows usually in the tropics, in Australia and Southeast Asia. Ripe fruits have a very strong odor. They can be eaten raw together with salt or cooked. It has a high content of nutrients.
Baile is an exotic fruit growing in India.It is a fruit with a hard, hard skin of gray, yellow or green color. Its yellow flesh can be eaten both dried and fresh.
An unusual kind of fruit, resembling fluffy strawberries, called rambutan. Its fruits are oval-shaped. It mainly grows in Southeast Asia, but is also found in Costa Rica. Its taste is sweet and sour, and the flesh is a bit stiff.
Snake fruit or otherwise herring grows in Indonesia. To his taste, he resembles apples, differing sweet and sour taste. Its fruits grow in clusters, and they are covered with skin of red-brown color.
Carambola or star fruit is a fruit with 5 ridges. After a longitudinal cut, it becomes like a star. It grows mainly in Asia, South America, and comes from the Philippines. It tastes crisp and very tasty, besides its composition contains a large amount of antioxidants and vitamin C.
Exotic fruit loquat
The medlar is an exotic fruit. It is an evergreen small tree, originally from the Himalayas, China and India. Today, the Japanese medlar is growing in many other countries, characterized by a warm and mild climate. The fruit of this plant has such a number of useful properties that it can save a person from many diseases, speeding up the recovery process.
The first fruits of this wonderful tree appear in spring. In form, they are pear-shaped, spherical or rounded, and themselves fleshy and large. Medlar pulp has a sweet and juicy taste with a slight sourness. Its taste is slightly reminiscent of an apple, apricot or strawberry. The flesh of an exotic fruit is covered with an orange, cream or yellow skin.
They eat loquat in both fresh and processed form. Often the fruits of this tree are used for making compotes, jams, liqueurs, juices and oriental sweets. And from its seeds a coffee substitute is prepared, which is in no way inferior to the original coffee, but significantly differs from it in a large number of useful properties.
The composition of the fruits of medlar is very similar to the composition of apples. There are a lot of tannins in it, pectin, ascorbic acid or, in a different way, vitamin C, and also vitamin A. It differs in low calorie content. 100 g contains only 45 kcal.
Medlar: useful properties and contraindications
- The medlar is invaluable in intestinal diseases, as it is a highly effective immuno-fortifying agent. Having phytoncidal properties, its fruits can be used as anti-inflammatory. It improves the work of the digestive tract. Medlar leaves during flowering have wound-healing, anti-inflammatory and hemostatic properties.
- In Japan, a medicinal decoction is being prepared. From the fruit can be made and alcohol tincture to help cope with asthma and bronchitis. Also, the loquat helps to fight with renal colic and stones. A decoction of unripe seeds will have a healing effect in inflammatory diseases of the intestine, stomach and urolithiasis.
- But it has a loquat and contraindications. When you include it in the diet of the child should be given only a small piece of this fruit and carefully observe, an allergic reaction may occur. In case of duodenal ulcer, inflammation of the pancreas, gastritis with high acidity, medlar fruits of any maturity are strictly contraindicated.
Today, the abundance of exotic names of fruits from faraway countries will not surprise anyone. But here's what these fruits look like, what taste they have and how to eat them properly, few who know so far. Undoubtedly, it is worth getting closer to exotic fruits. Then visiting an unfamiliar country, you can always pay tribute to the gifts of nature that grow there, and enjoy their original taste.