The French call it sang, the English call blood, the pedantic Germans blut, and the inhabitants of the Celestial Empire designate it as 血. It is written differently, it sounds too, you can't even pronounce it in Chinese, but no matter how different the words are, they all have the same red color. You, probably, already guessed that speech today will be a question of blood. More not even about the blood itself, but about one of its main elements - red blood cells.
We learn how important they are for our body and how elevated erythrocytes in a child affect his condition.
The role of red blood cells in the body
Erythrocytes are red blood cells. This is one of the blood cells that, along with leukocytes and platelets, is in its plasma. Their number in our body is unimaginably large: only in 1 cu. mm of blood contains 5 million red blood cells. Count how many red blood cells in all five liters!
For clarity, imagine an area of 3.8 thousand square meters. m, just so much will take the red blood cells of one person. And since there are so many of them, they are assigned the most responsible role. They provide the delivery of oxygen and nutrients to the most remote corners of our body. If it were not for the red blood cells, our cells could not breathe, eat, grow or share.
If we examine the erythrocyte under a microscope, then we will see a small body of a spongy structure. In the pores of this sponge, as in separate compartments, hemoglobin balls sit tight, shoulder to shoulder, which help red blood cells in their difficult work of the provider.
Logistic delivery scheme in a simplified version works like this:
- Red blood cells are born in the bone marrow.
- Gradually, they begin to produce hemoglobin.
- When blood brings red blood cells to the lungs, hemoglobin binds the free oxygen molecules there and carries them into the cells of all body tissues.
- Having reached the final goal, hemoglobin gives oxygen to the cell and takes carbon dioxide from it.
- Further along the veins, the red blood cells bring carbon dioxide into the lungs, from where it is removed during the exhalation process.
Agree, the work of red blood cells is not easy, let's face it for wear, so they live a short time, not more than 4 months. The aged blood cells arrive at the last shelter - the spleen, where they finally break up. The remains of erythrocytes are picked up by the bloodstream and transferred to the bone marrow. There with their use young red blood cells are recreated.
Erythrocytes in the blood are elevated in a child: causes
One of the indicators in the results of biochemical analysis of blood is the concentration of red blood cells. Considering their function in the body, it can be assumed that elevated erythrocytes in a child result from insufficient supply of oxygen to tissues.
This happens in absolutely healthy children who are actively involved in sports. And this is not surprising, since with regular physical exertion, muscular tissues need an enhanced oxygen supply mode. The same phenomenon is observed in children residing in mountainous areas, where the oxygen content in the air is less than in the flat terrain.
When does the red blood cell count increase in the urine?
In both adults and children, urine should not contain red blood cells in a healthy state. If they are present there, then in an amount of not more than 2-4 units in the visible field of microscopy of urine sediment. Elevated red blood cells in the urine of a child indicate the presence of pathology.
Possible causes of elevated red blood cells in the urine or hematuria include:
- inflammation, swelling, or trauma to the ureters, kidneys, urinary canal, bladder;
- acute bacteriological or viral infections;
- internal purulent processes, sepsis;
- hormonal disorders;
- abnormal vaginal discharge during inflammatory processes;
- the effect of prolonged stress, psycho-emotional stress;
- wrong and unbalanced diet;
- increased physical activity that does not correspond to the age and pace of development of the child’s body.
What to do?
As you already understood, erythrocytosis itself is not a disease, but rather acts as a symptom of certain types of diseases of various organs. To normalize the concentration of red blood cells in the child’s blood, it is necessary to begin by determining the reason for their increase. And here, without the participation of a hematologist, you can hardly manage. He will conduct the necessary studies, the results of which will determine the further tactics of treatment.
In your power to carry out preventive measures:
- it is necessary to increase to 1.5 liters the amount of fluid consumed by the child during the day;
- Watch the quality of water, it should not contain chlorine in excess;
- it is necessary to reduce the consumption of sugary carbonated drinks;
- revise the diet of the child, increase the number of natural products rich in microelements and vitamins, fruits and vegetables contribute to the production of red blood cells of the correct form.
Give up bad habits, lead a correct lifestyle yourself and promote it among family and friends. By example, introduce children to physical education and sports, temper. And then in a healthy body a healthy spirit will definitely appear!