The disease, known among the Russian-speaking population as "epilepsy", is one of the common neurological pathologies that are chronic. In the modern world, it is called an epileptic seizure. So, epilepsy - is it treated?
What kind of disease is this?
The combination of neurological disorders with a chronic course, which manifest as seizures, is what epilepsy is. Attacks can be provoked or not, have a recurring character. Often they are limited only to sensory impairments, that is, there are no manifestations of pathological changes in motor function.
Epilepsy is characterized by syndromic manifestation. This means that it has various symptoms that are associated with brain activity. Attacks, of course, are the main clinical sign, but not all seizures are caused by epilepsy.
Consider the main forms of epileptic seizures:
- Seizures affecting motor function: tonic, associated with muscle contraction, and partial - seizures of a certain localization and prevalence, inability to speak, impaired visual function.
- Affecting sensitivity and outgoing from the various analyzers - skin-muscular, visual, auditory, olfactory, gustatory.
- There may be seizures, manifested by dizziness and having both an isolated character and with the addition of various auras, for example, visual.
- Sensory-motor type of attacks.
- Attacks, covering primarily internal organs and having a heterogeneous aura.
- Attacks, simultaneously exciting several areas of occurrence of epilepsy.
- Seizures, uniting in a group associated with temporal localization in conjunction with the impact on neighboring areas of the brain. For example, changes in consciousness associated with the feeling of a feeling previously seen, or vice versa.
- Small seizures.
- Combinations of epileptic and hysterical attacks.
- Joint manifestation of common and minor epilepsy.
The international classification of epileptic seizures has a complex and branched structure, taking into account the multiplicity of the characteristics of the disease. The occurrence of a seizure is associated with a combination of two brain factors, such as:
- convulsive focus - the result of the pathological state of the brain;
- convulsive readiness is the upper level probability of the occurrence of pathological excitations in the cerebral cortex.
Is epilepsy treated?
In the case of the manifestation of the disease there are many questions. Is epilepsy treated in adults and children? What not to do with epilepsy? How to behave during attacks? Let's try to answer them.
The disease can be controlled with medication. But about 30 percent of patients have problems with control during an attack. In these cases, doctors may suggest surgery. The overall result of therapy is divided into local goals:
- reduction of pain or anesthesia at the time of the attack;
- reducing the likelihood of new attacks;
- reducing the duration of the attack in time;
- reducing the frequency of seizures;
- minimization of side effects of therapy;
- the safety of society from the manifestations of the patient at the time of an epileptic seizure.
Features of the treatment of adults
One seizure is not usually classified as epilepsy. That is why doctors often do not prescribe antiepileptic drugs until there are two or more seizures. When choosing a medicine, the doctor takes into account many different factors:
- type of seizures;
- age and gender;
- medical history;
- taking any other drugs.
The doctor analyzes the possible adverse reaction of the body to the drug. An important factor in the treatment is strict adherence to doctor's instructions and the regularity of taking the drugs.
Most people diagnosed with epilepsy respond well to drug treatment, which as a result leads to a decrease in the number of seizures or their cessation. The time frame is different. About a third of people do not respond to medicinal methods of treatment, even when changing drugs.
All medicines can cause side effects. They usually include headaches, nausea, dizziness, drowsiness, and mood changes. If there are no seizures for two years, the physician, based on the risk assessment of the return of seizures, will consider the appropriateness of continuing or stopping therapy.
Here are some estimated factors:
- length of time without seizures;
- the number of drugs used for epilepsy;
- how many attacks were before they were stopped;
- the type and causes of epilepsy;
- age at which epileptic seizures began.
If the disease struck the child
Is epilepsy treated in children? There are types of epilepsy that begin in childhood and disappear as they mature. The importance of treatment is due to the exception of the increased risk of an accident, as well as the difficulty of control in case of a generalized seizure.
Treatment options, depending on the classification of epilepsy include:
- Antiepileptic drugs - the main way;
- ketogenic diet - consists of fat in relation to proteins and carbohydrates 4 to 1;
- in some cases, surgical epilepsy is performed;
- electrostimulation of the vagus nerve is basically an auxiliary type of therapy.
Summing up, one should focus on taking into account the side effects of the type of therapy and drug. In addition, it is important not to make changes in the course of treatment independently. This can lead to an increase in seizures. Only a good level of control can be made possible, for example, driving a car or playing sports with epilepsy.
It is also necessary to take into account the possible effects of therapy, its effect on other organs and biological processes of the body. Even the intake of juices of individual fruits, for example, pomegranate, can weaken the effect of some drugs. Health to you!