The importance of hemoglobin for our body can not be overemphasized. This substance is a kind of transport that delivers oxygen to the tissues and organs and removes carbon dioxide from the body. There are clear standards for the amount of hemoglobin in human blood. For women, this figure is 120-140 g / l, for men - 135-160 g / l. Many people suffer from low hemoglobin. This is a serious problem, because the body suffers from a lack of oxygen. But an increase in the rate is no less dangerous!
Elevated hemoglobin: causes
Changes in such an important indicator as hemoglobin level indicate that a dysfunction of certain organs and systems has occurred. Although in some cases high hemoglobin is the norm - for example, in people living in highlands. This is the body's compensatory response to the lack of oxygen high in the mountains. The main reasons for the increase in hemoglobin in human blood, including in women, are:
- High blood glucose in diabetes mellitus
- Increase in the number of erythrocytes in the blood (erythrocytosis)
- Increased hemoglobin in the blood plasma (hemoglobinemia)
- Increased blood viscosity
- Impaired intestinal patency
- Oncological diseases
- Pulmonary diseases and pulmonary insufficiency
- Violations of the heart and blood vessels
- The excess in the human body of vitamins B6 and B12
- Congenital and acquired heart and vascular defects
- Some kidney diseases
- Acute dehydration
- Pulmonary emphysema
- Long smoking experience
- Allergic diseases
- Strong physical exertion
- Staying at altitude for a long time, such as life in the highlands.
The main features of this condition can be:
- Violations in the urogenital system
- Pallor of the skin
- Visual impairment
- Constant drowsiness, even with proper rest
- Fatigue and inability to concentrate on work for a long time
- Loss of appetite or complete loss
These manifestations are visible and tangible by the person. But much more serious changes occur in the body. The fact is that with an increase in the volume of red blood cells, the amount of blood plasma remains unchanged. This leads to thickening of the blood and an increase in its viscosity.
At the same time, the speed of blood movement through the vessels decreases, and the amount of oxygen in the tissues and organs decreases. As a result, the cells suffer oxygen starvation. They lack nutrients, metabolic products are displayed poorly. Thick blood is more prone to the formation of plaques and blood clots, which can clog the blood vessels. This is a very dangerous condition that is the main cause of heart attacks and strokes.
Why is high hemoblobin in children?
For newborns, high hemoglobin is the norm. The first 2 weeks of a child’s life, his level is 140-220 g / l. This is due to the peculiarities of prenatal development of the baby.
After 2 weeks, it drops to 140g / l. If the amount of the substance does not decrease, you should consider that the child may be sick. Diagnostics need to start as early as possible. It is very important to identify and cure the disease at an early age, so that it does not disturb the person in the future. Elevated hemoglobin can be a symptom of such pathologies:
- Blood diseases
- Congenital heart defects
- Disorders of the heart and lungs
- Pulmonary insufficiency
- Heart failure
- Intestinal obstruction
- Oncological pathology
The increase in hemoglobin in the blood in diseases is explained by compensatory mechanisms. Thus, the children's body tries to compensate for malfunctions in the work of this or that organ and includes all the protective forces and regeneration processes for this. In this case, oxygen is directed to the restoration of damaged tissues.
So, a child who is injured or burned, the level of hemoglobin in the blood will certainly increase. The same thing happens with other diseases.
In children who regularly go in for sports, hemoglobin increases can also be detected. Especially if exercise is excessive for his age. Physical activity requires a lot of oxygen, nutrients and energy. And the body is trying to ensure this by increasing the amount of hemoglobin. In this case, do not worry - this is normal.
What if the blood test showed abnormalities?
If an increase in hemoglobin is associated with a disease, the root cause should be cured first. If its high level is due to other factors, you should reconsider the diet. Adhering to certain recommendations, you can bring hemoglobin levels back to normal and improve your well-being.
So, people with a high content of hemoglobin in the blood should completely abandon products with a high content of iron. They increase blood viscosity and increase cholesterol levels. Forbidden products include:
- Red fruits and berries, especially black currants
- Groats, especially buckwheat and millet
- Meat offal
- Red Meat
- Very fat milk
- Smoked products
- Fatty food
- Peas and dishes from it
- Lamb liver
- Sesame Seeds
- Pine nuts
- Liver pate
Also, it is not recommended to take complexes of vitamins and minerals, which include vitamins from group B, vitamin C, copper and iron.
It is useful to eat such products:
- All sorts of fish and seafood (except mussels)
- Chicken meat
- Some legumes
- Fresh raw vegetable and fruit salads
- Boiled and Baked Vegetables
In addition to the correction of the diet, it is sometimes recommended to take certain medications. As a rule, these are blood thinners, the main purpose of which is to prevent the formation of blood clots and the associated dangerous conditions (heart attack, stroke). Such drugs include Aspirin, Cardiomagnyl, Trental, etc.
Do not forget about physical exertion. Useful physical activity of moderate nature: walking, swimming, aerobics, fitness, etc.
Useful in this situation would be such a herbal decoction. Take 3 tbsp. l hawthorn fruit, 2 tbsp. l quinoa and series, and 1 st. l flower of acacia, hop fruit and leaves of the initial letter. Fill the herbal mixture with warm water, bring to a boil and boil for 5 minutes at a low boil. Let the broth stand for an hour, then strain and cool. Take 0.5 st. decoction 6 times a day.
Many specialists with the increase of hemoglobin recommend the use of mummy tablets. Take a pill 1 time a day, before bedtime. The course of treatment is 10 days. Then you can take a short break and repeat the course. During treatment, you can not take sedatives and hypnotics. Alcohol is also strictly prohibited.
Useful in the manifestation of symptoms of pathology, the juice of beet and aronia, in a ratio of 1: 1. Take 50 ml three times a day, before the main meals.
Traditional medicine, together with proper nutrition and physical activity, can give amazing results. But hope only for her, nevertheless, is not worth it. In order for the treatment to be directed, and the recovery to be quick, consult a specialist. The doctor will not only be able to carry out the necessary tests to confirm the level of hemoglobin in the blood, but also prescribe the correct drug therapy.