Pediculosis is a rather unpleasant disease that occurs due to infection of an adult or a child with live lice. Usually, a person begins to suspect that insects have started in his head when he first feels movement in his hair. In addition, tickling, itching of the scalp, rash on the neck or behind the ears are characteristic of the disease. At night, lice exhibit maximum activity, so often insomnia occurs with pediculosis.
Upon detection of the first signs of the disease, it is necessary to take immediate steps to get rid of the suffering of the sick person as soon as possible and to prevent their loved ones from becoming infected. Contrary to popular belief, the eggs of these insects, or nits, are not transmitted from one person to another, as they are very firmly attached to the hair. Lice can not swim or fly, so their transfer is possible only with close contact with the sick.,
Today, in pharmacies you can buy many different drugs for lice. In addition, you can try to cope with the disease with the help of folk remedies. We will tell you what remedies for nits and lice exist, how they differ and which of them are most effective in each specific situation.
What types of lice can parasitize a person?
Lice can parasitize on any mammals. There are more than 500 species of these insects, but only 3 of them can live on humans, and this is:
- pubic louse;
- head louse;
According to another classification, head and body louses are a subspecies of the so-called human louse.
In most cases, only 1 out of 3 types of lice can be found in the head of a person infected with lice. However, modern scientists have shown that they are able to live on the same territory and even interbreed with each other and give offspring.
Each tool can be designed to kill one or more types of lice. So, if a certain drug copes with the destruction of insects that live on the head, this does not mean that it will be as effective against wardrobe and pubic lice. In addition, some funds from parasites have certain contraindications. For example, an effective preparation for lice may be prohibited for use on a person’s head. But sometimes certain ways of getting rid of insects work wonderfully in relation to any kind of lice.
Finally, the high effectiveness of any anti-lice medicine does not mean instant relief from nits. As a rule, chemicals that make up these drugs have a minimal effect on insect eggs. That is why, after applying to the hair an effective remedy for lice, nits are most often combed out by hand with the help of a frequent comb. Usually, using this method, it is not possible to completely get rid of eggs. Therefore, the treatment procedure of the hair and scalp is repeated after 1-2 weeks, destroying the newly hatched nits of larvae. In addition, to get rid of eggs are useful and means intended directly for this purpose.
Funds from nits and lice and their effectiveness
There are the following types of means to get rid of nits and lice:
- emulsions, lotions and concentrates;
- shampoos and sprays;
- folk remedies.
The highest efficiency is achieved with the use of various pediculicidal emulsions. The concentration of chemicals affecting adult lice and their larvae is as high as possible, so they can destroy the greatest number of insects in one application. But such means are the most dangerous and have serious contraindications.
Folk remedies for lice and nits, such as vinegar or kerosene, can also be very effective and, unfortunately, also far from safe.
Numerous shampoos, sprays and creams contain less active chemical substances and therefore eliminate unpleasant neighbors a little longer. At the same time, modern preparations produced in this form have practically no effect on human hair and scalp, and, in addition, they are very easy and convenient to use. Of course, any shampoo, cream or spray for lice has certain contraindications (they are indicated in the instructions) and can cause an allergic reaction. But in general, they are all fairly safe - both for adults and for children over 3-5 years old.
Finally, a lice comb is the least effective, but the most harmless. It is impossible to remove insects and their larvae with just one comb, but combing with other methods helps combing out just fine. In addition to nits, the comb can remove from the hair and dead lice, for example, after treating the head with a special shampoo.
What can be dangerous such drugs?
The greatest danger that modern drugs aimed at combating parasites can pose is various allergic reactions. Since the composition of these funds includes a large number of chemicals, all of them can adversely affect the state of human health. Most often, all sorts of allergic reactions occur in young children, but adults are very susceptible to them.
Usually, the reaction to the use of chemicals is manifested in the form of itchy skin, redness and flaking of the scalp, dandruff, hair loss or change in their color.
Most preparations for lice and nits are not intended for children under 3, and in some cases up to 5 years. In addition, all of them are prohibited for use by pregnant and lactating women, since they can be harmful to the health of both the mother and the baby.
Which tool is better to choose?
In each group of products designed to get rid of lice and nits, there are the most effective representatives, which we now tell you.
Lotions, concentrates and emulsions are very powerful and effective insecticide solutions. In their composition usually contains alcohol. Some of them can be purchased ready-made, others require preliminary preparation. The most popular such tools in this category:
- Medfox is an alcoholic solution of permethrin, whose composition includes castor oil. Before use, the product must be diluted in pure water at the rate of 1:25. It is considered one of the best products for getting rid of not only lice, but also nits;
- Foksilon - quite effective lotion for lice and nits, the cost of one bottle of which does not exceed 150 rubles. But this drug is a taboo for children and those prone to allergies.
The lice shampoo is the easiest way to treat your head when a sick person has rather thick hair. They are generally safe and do not cause allergic reactions. As a rule, children are treated with the help of various shampoos. This, for example:
- Parasidosis is a Slovenian remedy that is not particularly effective, but is deservedly popular with moms and dads. Great for use in young children, since it rarely causes allergic reactions. In addition, the kit with the drug includes a very comfortable comb, which, after shampooing the hair, will allow you to comb a large number of nits out of them;
- Pedilin - on the contrary, a very effective shampoo, with which you can remove both lice and nits in one session. High efficacy of the drug is achieved due to the inclusion of two active substances in the composition at once - malathion and tetramethrin;
- LiceGuard is a product of exclusively natural ingredients. Its effectiveness is not too high, but it can enhance the effect of other drugs.
Sprays - the most convenient means of lice, most often used for mild infection with head lice. The most popular drugs such as:
- Pedikulen Ultra;
- Pair Plus;
- Here - productive and safe for use in children spray from nits and lice.
The following creams also quite soon get rid of lice, but troublesome and not too convenient to use:
- Knicks - allowed to apply to children at any age.
Among the folk remedies for lice and nits are often used vinegar, kerosene, tar soap and tamericheskaya water. Finally, the simplest way to get rid of these insects is to daily comb the hair with a special comb. Today, you can purchase both ordinary combs and electronic combs with frequent teeth.
How can I prevent infection with head lice?
Pediculosis can be infected only after close contact with a sick person. That is why you can not wear the same hats with other people, use someone else's hairpins, rubber bands or combs. Also, for the prevention of lice, it is possible 1 time in 2 weeks to treat the scalp with such shampoos as Veda, NOC, Bios or Nix. In addition, the place behind the ears can be regularly irrigated with tactile water or lavender cologne - these smells deter insects.