Eczema, or weeping sore, is a chronic inflammation of the skin. Eczema is not contagious, it is characterized by rashes, itching and periodic improvements.
The word "eczema" comes from the word ekzeo, which means "boil", and this is reasonable, because eczema is accompanied by the presence of bubbles, which, by analogy with boiling water, have a peculiarity to open.
Eczema is a fairly common disease that often appears on the hands and feet, as well as on the face. There is also a severe form of eczema called erythroderma. During this disease, all skin is affected.
Types of eczema
- Idiopathic eczema. This species is characterized by an acute onset of the disease. The idiopathic form is characterized by symmetry and indistinct boundaries of the body lesion. On areas of the body, foci of redness appear, in which nodules and bubbles gradually appear. After some time, the bubbles begin to "burst", highlighting the serous discharge - this condition is called moist. After drying, a crust forms on the skin.
- Microbial eczema occurs at the site of chronic infectious foci along with a combination of infection. There are several subspecies of microbial eczema:
- Mycotic form - occurs with the addition of the fungal component.
- Paratraumatic form - appears on the spot where the injury was.
- Varicose form - occurs on the background of trophic disorders. Usually occurs on the legs and has a bluish-purple color.
- Coin-shaped form - eczema of blue-pink color with papules.
- Dyshidrotic form - usually appears on the fingers, palms, feet. It is characterized by the appearance of edema, nodules and blisters.
- Seborrheic eczema occurs where there is a large number of sebaceous glands (ears, nose, head, chest area, between the shoulder blades, etc.). During the period of seborrheic eczema, scaly patches appear.
- Occupational eczema occurs in open areas of the skin as a reaction to exposure to harmful substances.
- Cerebral eczema - eczema affects, as a rule, palms and feet. This type of eczema appears as a thickening of the skin, i.e. calluses appear.
- Pediatric eczemacharacterized by abundant rash. Eczema occurs only on the face (except the skin near the mouth).
Eczema on the arms and legs: causes
Eczema involves complex treatment. The first thing you need to eliminate the factor of occurrence of eczema. Among the factors emit:
- Neuroendocrine disorders.
- Neurotic disorders.
- Exacerbation of chronic diseases.
- Compliance with a hypoallergenic diet.
How to treat eczema on the hands and feet?
The eczema on the arms and legs can be cured in various ways.
- The appointment of corticosteroid hormones (prednisone). In this way, severe forms of eczema are treated.
- Hyposensitization therapy: calcium chloride, solutions of sodium sulfate and intramuscular magnesium sulfate and calcium gluconate are injected intravenously.
- Acceptance of antihistamine drugs: diphenhydramine, tavegil, cimetidine, pipolfen, telfast, zaditen, peritol, diazolin, fexadine, etc.
- During the acute form of eczema on the arms and legs, diuretics are prescribed: hemodez.
- Take immunomodulators: thymalin, decaris, methyluracil, pentoxyl, taktivin and diutsifon.
- Take vitamins of group B.
- During the period of exacerbation of eczema on the hands and feet, minimize contact with water.
- You can make external lotions on the area of eczema:
- Lotions with silver nitrate, boric acid or dimexidum - during the acute course of eczema on the hands and feet.
- Lotions with salicylic or boric ointment, diprosalic solution, lorinden C, diprogent, ketoconazole cream, etc.
- Trays with potassium permanganate after opening the bubbles.
Eczema: treatment of folk remedies
- In a bucket of hot water, add 1 tbsp. creolin. In the resulting solution, steam your arms and legs for 20 minutes. After the bath, do not wipe the skin, and let it dry on its own. After greasing the affected areas with a thin layer of skin cream. Baths are recommended to do 2-3 times a day until the eczema completely passes.
- Pour hot water into a basin and add salt (by eye). Dip your hands or feet in the bath and hold them until the water has cooled. After, blot the skin with a soft towel and smear eczema with baby cream. It is best to use sea salt.
- Take 3 glasses of the same size. In the first glass break the raw egg without the shell, in the second glass pour water, and in the third - vinegar. In all glasses should be the same number of components. Pour everything into a glass jar, close the jar with a lid and shake everything well. You should have a cream-like blend. Daily lubricate the affected areas with a mixture at night.
- Pass through the meat grinder to the coltsfoot, add to it fresh milk. Stir. Apply the composition to hands and feet, then wrap them with waterproof paper (you can also use a film). Such a compress is done overnight. Do the procedure until eczema passes.
- Dissolve a pinch of vitriol in a glass of warm boiled water. Lubricate eczema affected areas with the composition. When eczema begins to dry, lubricate the affected areas with essential oil of white lily, vegetable oil and sea buckthorn oil will also work. The eczema is lost once a day and treated for about a week.
Eczema treatments for hands and feet
- An important stage of treatment is the constant hydration of the skin with creams and ointments with low water content and high content of essential oils.
- It is not recommended to sit in the bath for a long time during the illness, but after 5 minutes of bathing in a warm bath it is recommended to lubricate moist skin with Vaseline-based creams. It is recommended to change the lifestyle that provokes the appearance of eczema on the hands and feet.
- For acute eczema and severe itching, oral antihistamines are prescribed to have a sedative effect, for example, "Benadryl", "Atarax" or "Vistaril".
- Sometimes a short course of oral corticosteroids is prescribed for the treatment of acute eczema, for example, Prednisone. Only drugs should not have a lasting effect due to side effects.
- If in the treatment of severe cases of eczema, traditional remedies do not help, you should take oral immunopressors, for example, "Neoral" and "Sandimmune".
- For the treatment of eczema on the hands and feet, healing creams-Tacrolimus (“Protopic”) and Pimecrolimus ("Elidel") help well. These funds are not recommended for children under 2 years of age.
- During eczema on the hands and feet, phototherapy with ultraviolet rays is possible.
It is possible to cure eczema on the hands and feet, but you need to approach this case in a comprehensive manner. Good luck to you in this difficult matter!