Often a considerable number of people appear such allergy symptoms, such as itching, nasal congestion, sneezing (allergic rhinoconjunctivitis), watery eyes when doing household chores: such as cleaning with a vacuum cleaner, sweeping floors, dusting. Also dust exposure can cause asthma symptoms, for example, whistles, cough, pressure in the chest, as well as difficulty breathing.
Allergy to dust and its diagnosis
If a person feels that he has a predisposition to an allergic reaction to house dust, then he needs to consult a allergist-immunologist, who has a special certificate and qualification. To determine the exact symptoms and causes of the disease, the doctor will ask the patient in detail about the situation and environment at home, at work, family history, the severity and frequency of symptoms, the relationship with pets, as well as a number of factors necessary for an accurate diagnosis.
But sometimes the medical record is not able to determine the initiating factors, even when diagnosing an allergy in a patient. In this case, the allergist identifies the cause of the allergy by conducting skin tests. These manipulations include the needle test (test with sticking) and intracutaneous tests (injections) of various kinds of allergens in the skin and analysis of the body's response to them. The appearance of a blister with reddening of the skin around it (that is, a positive reaction) may indicate that the patient is allergic to this type of allergen. Often, an allergist is able to do a blood test together with a skin test in order to confirm the presence of an allergy.
Why does dust cause allergies?
House dust is the mass of many different substances, its composition in one house may differ from the composition in another room, but the most frequent and widespread factors are cockroaches, dust mites, pets and mold.
Each of these factors can irritate the immune system, which will lead to the identification of certain antibodies (immunoglobulin E), which, in turn, will trigger an inflammatory response. Exposure to even a small amount of allergens can cause the onset of symptoms of an allergic reaction.
Symptoms of dust allergies
Symptoms of house dust allergy- this is the appearance of a runny nose, watery eyes, sneezing. In case of such occurrence, it is better not to postpone and immediately contact a qualified specialist.
There are other precursors to this disease - redness and itching of the eyelids, itchy nose, asthma, asthma. The disease does not leave the patient in any of the seasons, which eliminates plant allergies and colds.
Allergy to dust: treatment
- After identifying the factors causing the disease, measures should be taken to further avoid contact with them. The study confirmed that intentional restriction of contact (control of the environment that targets certain provoking factors) has the same effect as the use of special medicines to alleviate the symptoms of the disease.
- In the usual case, a special limitation from provoking factors, the administration of pharmacological preparations prescribed by a doctor and, in frequent cases, allergen-specific immunotherapy are necessary. With prolonged house dust allergy It is best to replace carpets and carpets with wood or vinyl flooring. The floors can be cleaned with a saline solution (5 tablespoons of salt in a bucket of water), while washing and cleaning the house, add tea tree oil to the water.
- Also, you need to eat a large amount of foods containing vitamin C - it reduces susceptibility to allergens, these are the following foods: fruits (in particular, citrus fruits), tomatoes, currants, sweet peppers, greens.
Allergic reaction to dust mites
- The most common causes of the disease are dust mites. They belong to the family of arachnids (8-legged insects). Dust mites are very viable creatures that easily breed in damp and warm places. The temperature is favorable for them - over 20 ° C, with relative humidity of air - 75-80%. They die if the humidity drops to 40-50%. Most often live in a dry climate.
- In children with asthma, an increased level of exposure to these insects is quite an important factor. People who have this type of disease react to allergen that is inside tick excrement. Most often, these particles are found in mattresses, pillows, upholstered furniture and carpets. They get into the air when cleaning with a vacuum cleaner, while walking on the palaces, but they disappear again after the end of these manipulations.
- Inhaling these particles, people with this disease quite often experience discomfort. 1 g of dust contains up to 19 thousand ticks, but often their number is limited to 100-500 individuals (1 g of dust is almost equal in size to the weight of a paper clip).
- Dust mites feed on particles of dandruff and skin, so they multiply in places with animals and people. These insects do not bite and therefore cannot spread various infections and diseases, therefore they do not live in humans. They can only harm people who have allergies to them.
While ordinary insecticides are not effective against these insects, in our time there are special means to reduce their impact.
How to treat house dust allergies?
- First, it is necessary to measure the humidity in the room and try to maintain its level in the room at about 55%, without using sprays or humidifiers. May also be required dehydrators You can also install a special fan in the kitchen and in the bathroom so that the air humidity does not increase during the cooking period. If there are pipes in the house that are leaking - they need to be repaired urgently (if you are allergic to cockroaches, dust mites and mold fungi).
- If there is such an opportunity, then you need to spread the carpet on all the flooring in the bedrooms. Also need to do regularly wet cleaning. If you are allergic to dust, then when vacuuming, sweeping the floors and wiping dust, you should wear a filter mask. It must be remembered that dust takes 2 hours to settle on the surface, so cleaning should be done during the absence of allergies at home and not to clean the bedroom in the evening (if you identify allergies to animals, dust mites and fungi).
- We must try to limit the appearance in the bedroom of domestic animals (if an allergic reaction is detected in animals).
- It is better to put on “anti-tick-borne” covers on pillows and mattresses and regularly wash bedding sets, preferably in hot water (if you are allergic to dust mites).
- Food is better not to leave uncovered overnight. Food waste (including fast food packaging) must be disposed of in a well-closing trash can.
- For cockroaches, you must use special traps. Better plan ahead regular house cleaning from various pests. It is advisable to choose specialists who carry out such cleaning without the use of chemicals (provided that there is a person in the house who is allergic to mice, cockroaches and mold fungi).
Dirt in the house does not really affect the allergy to house dust, but it can aggravate this problem. Conventional cleanups may not be enough to combat this disease, because in this way it is impossible to exclude some components from the dust. Even in the presence of absolute purity in the house, in some patients this disease causes a lot of discomfort.
Qualified allergist- This is the best adviser in this kind of issues, because many expensive drugs and preparations sometimes turn out to be absolutely inactive against allergies.
Maintaining a healthy lifestyle, regular house cleaning and proper treatment, which was agreed with a qualified specialist, will help to cope with allergies to house dust. Be healthy!