If you wake up in the morning in October with dry mouth after starting the heating system, this is considered normal. But when this feeling becomes part of everyday life, this is a disturbing bell. Consider dry throat: the causes of a disease can cause this sensation.
Dryness and sore throat: causes and possible diseases
Dry throat is a very common disease that is often characterized by burning, irritation and pain. It develops mainly in winter or summer, if the weather is too dry. The causes of dryness and tickling in the throat are quite diverse, and this phenomenon can act as a symptom of the underlying disease or be the result of external influences on the body.
- Alcohol. It absorbs all the moisture from the tissues, causing the throat to become dry and irritated.
- Dehydration. A small percentage of water in the body can cause dry throat and a white tongue, especially in the winter. Air conditioning in the summer can have the same effect. Dehydration can cause fever, excessive sweating, vomiting, diarrhea, blood loss, low fluid intake.
- Dry air Winter reduces the level of humidity in the air. As a result, cold and dry air enters the body during breathing. This causes irritation of the mucous membranes of the throat and burning.
- Smoking. Cigarette smoke and chewing tobacco can cause dry throat. The ingredients of these substances dehydrate the body. Smoking cannabis leaves (marijuana) can also cause dryness and irritation in the throat.
- Sleep with open mouth, as well as stress and anxiety.
- Allergies. The most common allergens are cleaners, sawdust, pollen, animal hair, etc.
- Food botulism. It is an infectious disease caused by the bacterium Clostridium. Toxins of this bacteria cause muscle paralysis. The main symptom is dry mouth and throat from 12 to 36 hours after infection.
- Sjogren syndrome is a systemic autoimmune disease that destroys the exocrine glands that produce tears and saliva. In some cases, saliva production stops altogether.
- Radiation therapy or chemotherapy reduces the production of saliva.
- Burning is one of the symptoms of throat cancer.
- Streptococci can cause bacteriological infections in the throat. These infections are infectious and spread through nasal secretions, saliva, cough, sneezing and physical contact.
- Tonsillitis. It occurs as a result of infection, cancer, abscess, or chronic tonsillitis. The result is a violation of the flow of saliva.
Dry mouth also appears in diseases such as:
- chronic cough;
- gastroesophageal reflux disease;
- salivary gland cancer, etc.
- Apnea at night occurs when a person repeatedly stops breathing during sleep. The cause of this is airway obstruction.
- The defeat of the nervous system, head injuries.
- Sinusitis due to temporary loss of nasal breathing leads to dry throat. Symptoms of sinusitis often worsen at night when you lie down.
- Gastroesophageal reflux. Gastroesophageal reflux can cause dry throat after eating. In this disease, fluid is thrown from the stomach back into the esophagus, which irritates the throat.
- Cases of dry cough are accompanied by attacks at night in the supine position.
- With nasal congestion, we breathe through our mouth when we sleep. As a result, throat irritation occurs and dryness appears.
Dry throat may be due to the side effect of taking medications that are used to treat such pathologies:
- high blood pressure;
- psychosomatic diseases;
- urinary incontinence;
- Parkinson's disease.
At the doctor's office: treatment methods
As you understand, with such a variety of causes of dryness in the throat and the diseases that accompany this sensation, the treatment methods are different. In other words, to get rid of dryness in the throat, it is necessary to eliminate the external effects on the body, causing this phenomenon, or to cure the underlying disease. Here are some guidelines for treating the causes of dryness in the throat and to alleviate the general condition:
- Hydration is very important for dry throat. Water produces a lubricating effect and moisturizes dry air passages. You need to drink enough water - at least 8 glasses a day.
- Rinsing with warm salt water is one of the best means of reducing the burning and irritation of the throat. For example, you can dilute a tablespoon of apple cider vinegar in 250 ml of water.
- Irritation and persistent coughing will help alleviate a hot drink with lemon and honey.
- Try changing the dose of the medicine that causes saliva to dry in your mouth, or replace this drug.
- Use saliva substitutes that help moisturize the oral mucosa, or special rinses.
Ailment is better to prevent than to treat
In order to prevent such a problem as dry throat, it is necessary to take the following preventive measures:
- The best way to avoid dry throat symptoms is to use a humidifier whenever moisture is below the recommended level.
- Give up bad habits, smoking and alcohol consumption.
- Having good oral hygiene will reduce the risk of dry throat.
- Sugar-free chewing gums stimulate saliva production.
- It is important to avoid or reduce the consumption of spicy and salty foods, caffeine.
- Do breathing exercises to develop the habit of breathing through the nose.
Most often, simple non-medication measures can alleviate the symptoms of dry throat. It is also important to strive to maintain good oral health. And don't forget about healthcare professionals. They will help you!