Wine. What is it all the same: drink, quenching thirst and hunger or gastronomic delight? Or maybe wine is a medicine or a source of inspiration? No, wine is a whole religion, the Greeks even had special gods, and many other nations had such a drink as part of a sacred ritual. But wine is also evil, it leads to drunkenness, destroys families, lowers a person to a terrible state. As long as a person lives, so much does alcohol exist, and throughout all this time there is an endless argument: is it bad or good to drink wine? So, dry red wine: the benefits and harm.
Dry red wine: calorie
, obtained by fermentation of grape pulp. It has always been this way since the most ancient times, and this cannot be changed.
Dry red wine is obtained from black grape varieties, when, after complete fermentation, there remains no more than 0.3% sugar in it. In a hundred grams of such a drink is up to 80 Kcal. In addition to the nutritional value of red wine contains a large amount of amino acids, trace elements and vitamins.
What wine to choose?
Choose wine from more than four thousand species. Dry red wine has a strongly saturated color and a pronounced bouquet. Depending on the consistency of sugar and alcohol, wines are distributed as follows:
- dining rooms;
Dry red wine belongs to the category of table wines with a sugar content of 0.3% and alcohol - 9-13%.
There is a gradation of wines depending on the grape variety:
- varietal wine - from one particular variety;
- Sponge wine - in the manufacture of used several varieties;
- blended wine - obtained by mixing ready-made wines of different varieties.
The taste of wine, its color and, most importantly, the cost determines the duration of its exposure. On the shelves of stores are usually found ordinary wines with a shutter speed of up to six months. If the wine spent two years in a barrel before it gets into the bottle, it becomes vintage. If the vintage bottle is still stored for three years under special temperature conditions and the required humidity, then the wine becomes a collection one.
When choosing a dry red wine is better to prefer such varieties as:
- Merlot - has a tart flavor, a cocktail of aromas is presented with hints of vanilla, currants and cherries;
- Cabernet Sauvignon - aged wine will amaze you with a chocolate aftertaste and aroma of oak bark. The young drink, on the contrary, is light, with a wonderful plum, raspberry and cranberry bouquet of smells.
In principle, all the wines in reasonable dosage have a beneficial effect on our inner world. The antioxidants contained in wine normalize the work of the heart and stop atherosclerosis. Red wine - the leader in the presence of these useful elements.
There is only one thing: only high-quality drink has useful properties. To make the right choice, first of all it is necessary to carefully examine the contents of the label on which such information must be placed:
- name of the manufacturer;
- place and vintage;
- grape sort;
- holding period.
Do not purchase domestic wine. Choose your choice of at least a Georgian or Moldovan manufacturer. The leaders of quality winemaking are France, Italy, New Zealand, Chile and the United States.
In many ways, the quality of the product you purchase will depend on the outlet and price. However, remember that cheapness does not determine quality. It goes without saying that the wine from the paper bag is a surrogate.-
Dry red wine: the benefits and harm, contraindications
Finally, the results of many years of research by French scientists have been summed up. For 30 years, they watched several thousand men, whose age ranged from 40 to 65. The conclusion is unequivocal - fewer complaints about health among those who regularly consumed wine in moderate doses.
Usually when it comes to the beneficial properties of wine, various microelements and vitamins are listed that have a beneficial effect on the body. But recently, the component of wine - resveratrol deserves special attention. This substance is secreted by plants such as cocoa, walnuts, grapes, and many fruits, to protect against fungi and bacteria. One liter of red wine contains 0.2–5.0 mg of resveratrol. Being in our body, it has an antitumor effect and helps reduce sugar levels.
In addition, drinking daily not more than 50 g of red wine, you bring such benefits to your health:
- carry out cancer prevention;
- strengthen the immune system;
- helps to eliminate cholesterol from the body;
- reduce the risk of blood clots;
- prevent osteoporosis;
- saturate the body with iron, which eliminates the problem of anemia;
- normalize sleep;
- stimulate mineral and nitrogen metabolism;
- stimulate digestion and biliary secretion.
And abusing this miraculous drink, you do yourself such harm:
- risk getting allergies;
- possible sensations of choking;
- migraine may appear;
- in large doses, alcohol leads to cirrhosis of the liver.
It remains to find out another topical question: does dry red wine increase or decrease pressure? Like any other alcohol, wine lowers blood pressure, but unlike other spirits, it contains fruit acid, which is an antispasmodic. That is why, after the cessation of the effect of alcohol contained in wine, the vessels do not narrow. In this case, of course, we are talking about moderate amounts of wine drunk.
It should be noted that wine is contraindicated for pregnant and lactating women. People suffering from asthma, heart disease, diabetes, should be wary of using wine.
As you can see, in small doses, dry red wine will only benefit us. Remember that alcohol abuse leads to sad consequences. Be happy and healthy!