Influenza is an infectious disease that affects the upper respiratory tract and is accompanied by high fever. No one is immune from this disease and, as practice shows, even a vaccine cannot fully guarantee your safety. Experts differ in their opinions about whether adults need to be vaccinated against flu, and especially children. Whether to give a child a flu vaccine or not is up to you, but in kindergarten and in school it is put to everyone (unless you first write down the refusal).
Flu shots: major contraindications
During vaccination, a person is injected with a vaccine (a kind of virus or part of it) that produces antibodies. These antibodies protect the body not only from the flu, but also from other colds (ARVI, ORZ, etc.). 2 weeks after vaccination, enough antibodies against influenza will accumulate in the body, and the person will become immune to the disease. Antibodies quickly recognize the influenza virus and kill it, not allowing it to spread throughout the body. Immunity to colds persists from 6 months to 1 g. The effectiveness of vaccination against influenza ranges from 70 to 90%.
The effectiveness of vaccination may depend on the epidemic, the stage and type of flu, the season, the characteristics of the organism, immunity, and other factors. Despite the vaccination, the person can still get the flu and other colds, but in this case the disease will continue without complications. It is important to vaccinate in time (the optimal time is September-October and December-January). Children can be vaccinated against influenza from the age of six months.
There are contraindications for flu vaccine:
- People who suffer from colds during vaccination. The procedure is allowed only a month after recovery, as the body is still weakened and the vaccine may cause a relapse of the disease;
- Flu vaccine is contraindicated in people who are allergic to chicken protein;
- Allergic reaction to a previous flu vaccine;
- It is not recommended to vaccinate against influenza for people with diseases of the endocrine and nervous systems;
- During high temperature;
- People suffering from kidney and adrenal gland problems;
- Contraindications for flu vaccination are heart failure and hypertension;
- People with chronic diseases of the lungs, bronchi and upper respiratory tract are contraindicated for vaccination Grippol and its analogues;
- Do not vaccinate children under 6 months of age;
- In case of blood diseases;
- Asthma and anemia are also contraindications for the flu vaccine.
There are a sufficient number of contraindications to flu vaccination, so you should consult with your doctor, get tested and get tested before vaccination.
Possible side effects of vaccination
Like any vaccine, a flu vaccine can cause a number of side effects. Immediately after vaccination, the patient may feel unwell. A person may experience fatigue, drowsiness, weakness.
Most people get a headache after vaccination, the temperature may rise slightly. In some cases, a runny nose or even pharyngitis may occur.
Anaphylactic shock is another side effect of the vaccine, which is extremely rare. Sometimes swelling, irritation, pain and itching may occur at the injection site.
Most of the side effects pass a couple of days after vaccination, and the person forgets about them. This should not be done, because when the next vaccination will be, it is recommended to tell the doctor about side effects.
Who should get a flu shot?
First of all, the following categories of people should be vaccinated against influenza:
- Women planning pregnancy during the flu season;
- Children aged from six months to 2 years;
- Elderly people from the age of 50;
- Adults and children with weakened immunity and diabetics;
- Medical workers;
- People exposed to people with the flu.
And yet: do or not?
This question worries many adults. Most children are vaccinated for flu in kindergarten and school. In the kindergarten, prevention of influenza falls entirely on the shoulders of the staff and the health worker. But much depends on parents. During the flu season, dress your children in warm clothes, do not forget to wash them more often. Explain to the child that it is necessary to wash hands thoroughly after the street, that it is undesirable to let other children play with their toys and not take other people.
As a rule, all children of school and pre-school age are vaccinated during the flu season if there are no contraindications or parental refusals. Whether you need to get a flu vaccine for your children in kindergarten or school is up to you, but doctors advise you not to refuse vaccination. The flu vaccine, of course, will not be a panacea for the disease, but if the child gets sick, colds will be easier and without complications.
- Sophia: My child is 10 years old, starting at the age of one, we are getting flu shots. During this time, I have never been sick, which makes me happy. I think that the flu vaccine is still worth doing, because it won't be any worse.
- Daria: Always been against flu vaccine. First of all, I do not know in what conditions it was kept, and what exactly my child was given. Starting from kindergarten, I always write a waiver of vaccination. I consider the best flu prevention vitamins, hardening and physical education. The child is now 15 years old, has never been vaccinated against influenza, during this time he was sick only 1 time.
- Evgenia: I have never been vaccinated for flu in my whole life, and I haven’t been sick of it. For the same reason, I am refusing to vaccinate my children. I'd rather take a course of prophylaxis and buy vitamins, than incomprehensible vaccines will prick my children.
Influenza is a serious infectious disease that can cause a number of side effects. Every year it mutates, it is becoming more and more difficult to invent vaccines and medicines. Many doctors advise vaccinating against the flu every year, while others, on the contrary, do not advise doing this. Whether you and your children will get the flu vaccine is up to you. But it is worth remembering that vaccination is best done for healthy people and under the supervision of a qualified doctor.