Due to the peculiarities of the structure of the female body, the weaker sex is exposed to infections of the urogenital system much more often than men. Pain when urinating, burning and itching, discomfort in an intimate place in women - these are frequent signs of inflammation in the bladder. Let's try to understand the possible causes of pain and methods for their diagnosis.
Unpleasant sensations when urinating in women: possible causes
There are several reasons for the occurrence of unpleasant sensations and pain when urinating, besides they have completely different nature. The most common of these are cystitis and urethritis. But pain, burning sensation can occur in the bladder and in such diseases and conditions:
- in case of allergic reactions to personal care products, for example, gaskets;
- with injury to the urethra during sex;
- in case of infection of the genital organs by gonococcus and trichomonas;
- as a result of injury to the mucous after surgical procedures.
In medicine, discomfort, pain, itching and burning during urination are called dysuria. This disease can otherwise be described as a disorder of urination, since the urge to empty the bladder occurs several times more often than usual, but the urine may not be released at all.
Diagnosis of the disease
There are frequent cases when the diagnosis of such diseases is difficult due to the blurred symptoms and the patient's late treatment for help from a doctor. Then the disease becomes chronic, and its treatment requires much more time and, accordingly, drugs. Therefore, in order to insure yourself against this kind of trouble, you should seek the advice of a specialist as soon as you discover the first signs of illness.
To facilitate diagnosis, you need to pay attention to such important factors:
- whether urinating pains are accompanied by accompanying symptoms, for example, increased body temperature or a rash on the genitals;
- what events preceded the appearance of this symptom. It is possible that the woman has undergone surgery or, for example, severe hypothermia;
- at what point there are unpleasant painful sensations: before or during urination, where pain is localized;
- It is necessary to recall the presence of chronic diseases that at the time of exacerbation can provoke pain during urination.
When you visit the doctor, in addition to a general examination, you will most likely need to take samples of urine, blood and, possibly, undergo an ultrasound of your bladder.
Cystitis in women: symptoms and treatment
Cystitis is one of the most common diseases of the female genitourinary system. By the way, women are 80 percent sick more than men. The main symptoms of this disease are:
- pain and burning when urinating;
- an increase in the frequency of urination with a simultaneous decrease in the amount of urine excreted;
- blood impurities in the urine;
- changing the color of urine;
- increase in body temperature (occurs in individual cases).
If you have these symptoms, you should immediately contact your urologist and pass all the necessary tests. In addition, you need to visit a gynecologist, since the appearance of cystitis can provoke sexually transmitted infections.
Causes of cystitis
Quite often, violation of the elementary rules of personal hygiene leads to such a disease. The fact is that in women, the urinary canal is much shorter and wider than in men, and the pathogens easily penetrate it to the bladder and cause inflammation. In addition, the proximity of the vagina and anus favors the penetration of a variety of infections into the urinary canal.
Other causes of exacerbation include:
- colds and hypothermia;
- abuse of alcohol and spicy foods;
- promiscuous sex life;
- wrong choice of underwear (thongs can cause the occurrence of cystitis);
- delayed bladder emptying.
The course of the disease occurs in two forms: acute and chronic. In the acute form of the disease, an increase in body temperature up to 38 degrees, a sharp pain during urination and deterioration of the general condition of the body is possible.
Chronic cystitis is characterized by the same signs, but the pain is not so pronounced and the frequency of urge to urinate is slightly less.
Prevention of diseases of the genitourinary system
It's no secret that the development of the disease is easier to prevent than to treat it later. Prevention of cystitis and other diseases of the genitourinary system can be considered:
- personal hygiene: use intimate hygiene gels with a neutral pH, during menstruation, change the pads every 3 to 4 hours;
- avoid hypothermia;
- the right choice of underwear (especially not recommended to wear thongs, as when walking infection from the anus easily get into the urinary canal);
- properly balanced food: try to drink at least 1.5 liters of water a day, avoid eating pickles, canned foods, spices, carbonated drinks;
- orderly sex life, since frequent changes of partners lead to the development of various infections;
- timely emptying of the bladder, since residual urine is an excellent breeding ground for bacteria.
And, of course, the best helpers in the fight against any diseases - strong immunity and respect for their own health. Remember that even dangerous diseases are much easier to treat if they were detected in the early stages of their development. Be healthy!