Dimexide - a drug extremely interesting in its properties. In medicine, it is most often used in tandem with antibiotics, hormonal drugs, and also painkillers. The main method of its use is compresses and applications, for which the drug must be divorced. How to determine the necessary proportions, and in what cases would such treatment measures be effective?
Basic information about the drug
The active substance is dimethyl sulfoxide, depending on the form of release, its concentration in the preparation varies: in an ointment, per 100 g of product there are usually 25 g of the active substance; The liquid is colorless, the ointment may have a light yellowish tint, the smell is slightly elusive, sharp, weathered quickly.
- Regardless of the form of release, dimexide is a topical dermatotropic agent that has not only anti-inflammatory, but also disinfecting effect.
- The specificity of Dimexidum is such that it not only affects blood clots and blood stasis, but also accelerates metabolic processes in the tissues, as a result of which their regeneration is improved.
- No less important is the ability of Dimexidum: in tandem with any chemical substance, it enhances its effect, working as a conductor. This is due to the fact that dimethyl sulfoxide can penetrate into the deepest layers of tissue.
- However, it is important to remember that dimexide will not act if the affected area is at a depth of more than 5 cm.
The medal has a downside associated with the toxicity of the drug, as a result of which it must be used with extreme caution.
- Do not use Dimexidum inside, because it entails a negative reaction from the organs of the digestive tract.
- In its pure form, dimexide can be applied to the skin only as an ointment; The solution must be diluted with distilled water or other liquid provided by the recipe.
In order to avoid serious consequences for the skin, when using Dimexidum without medical supervision, it is recommended to conduct an initial test for an allergic reaction. This is especially true for solutions with a high concentration.
- Contraindications to the use of Dimexidum are diseases of the cardiovascular system, liver disorders, as well as renal failure, glaucoma. It is strictly forbidden to resort to the help of dimethyl sulfoxide during pregnancy and breastfeeding, or to stop lactation at the time of administration. And also in case of hypersensitivity to this substance and age up to 12 years.
Dimexide: instructions for use of compresses
As for compresses with dimexide, their orientation is as follows:
- Bruises of the joints and soft tissues;
- Sprain and tear of ligaments;
- Burns of any degree;
- Trophic ulcers, furunculosis;
- Problems of the musculoskeletal system with pain syndrome (sciatica);
- Fungal lesions of the skin, including the fungus of the foot, nails, etc .;
- Diseases of the upper respiratory tract and broncho-pulmonary region.
It is important to understand that, since dimexide is not only an independently acting drug, but also a conductor for other medicines, the effect of its use as a compress will depend on those who belong to this "tandem". Most often, in order to reduce pain and relieve inflammation, novocaine, lidocaine, and other anesthetics are added to dimexide. There is also a simpler option - dilution of Dimexidum with alcohol; however, this is not suitable for burns and other open lesions, since the situation can be worsened.
It is important to choose the right concentration of the compress solution:
- 20% - the maximum allowed for burns of any degree, needs further dilution.
- 30-40% is allowed to use on eczema, trophic ulcers, skin lesions with the release of pus.
- 50% recommended for erysipelas, streptoderma.
- 20-50% - within this framework should be the concentration of the solution for compresses on the inflamed joints and ligaments, bruises, hematomas, as well as for diseases of the musculoskeletal system.
Separately, it is worth noting that for people with sensitive skin and, if necessary, applying a compress to the face, only a 20% solution of Dimexide is used. The main option for compresses is 30-50%.
How to make a compress with dimexidum?
The technology of creating, applying and wearing compresses with dimexidum depends on its directionality and related components.
- Classical option - breeding Dimexide by water, mainly used to treat bronchitis, sore throats, etc. It can also be used for long-term treatment of the musculoskeletal system.
- Compound Dimexide with anti-inflammatory ointment - Suitable for arthritis, bruises and injuries. Here it is recommended not to take a solution, but a Dimexidum ointment, or to work in 2 stages: first, apply an ointment, then a compress from a diluted water of Dimexidum.
- Compresses of Dimexide with Novocain, lidocaine and t.d.: used to relieve pain in injuries, a frequent method of pain relief in sports medicine.
Sometimes it happens that it is not possible to acquire the desired concentration of solution in a pharmacy. In this situation, it is important to be able to independently reduce the proportion of the active substance. In addition, it is important and, if necessary, to avoid side effects on sensitive skin.
- The easiest way to change the concentration, using a 100% solution: the number of parts of the drug that you take will be equal to the final percentage. Thus, for a 10% solution, 1 ml of Dimexidum will have 9 ml of water, and for 40%, 3 ml of water and 2 ml of Dimexidum.
How to dilute dimexide for a compress? Orientation to the problem that will have to be solved with its help:
- With bronchitis and other diseases respiratory systems Dimexide, aloe juice and water (distilled or boiled) are combined in equal proportions, after which they add the same amount of liquid honey heated in a water bath. The mixture in the form of heat should be spread over the bandage folded several times, placed on the back, chest or throat area, covered with cellophane or parchment, wrapped in a warm material (preferably wool). Compress time - 3-4 hours
- Anesthetic compress for bruises and other injuries: Dimexidum solution is combined with novocaine (2%) in a ratio of 3: 5, soaked with gauze wipe with liquid. Compress necessarily cover with paper or cellophane, fix with a bandage. A warming layer can be added if necessary. The exposure time is 60-90 minutes
- Compress with medicinal drug: the ratio is usually suggested by a specialist, since it all depends on what means becomes a “pair” for Dimexidum. The exposure time should not exceed 30 minutes, and the course usually lasts 7-10 days.
- Compresses for treatment support-motor apparatus: besides dimexide and novocaine, hydrocortisone is used, as well as water. Dimexide is diluted to obtain a 40-50% solution, combined with an ampoule of hydrocortisone. To this mixture is added 1/3 (of the total fluid volume) of novocaine (2%). The course of treatment is 21 days, the exposure time is not more than 1 hour.
Experts insist on compliance with safety rules when working with compresses: during this procedure, you must use gloves, and the resulting mixture can not be rubbed into the skin. In addition, only gauze or bandage is allowed for applying a compress: the fabric should not have any dyes, since dimexide will transfer them into the blood.