Nutrition plays a key role in replenishing the body's energy, but at the same time contributes to the increase of cholesterol and the development of cardiovascular diseases. These problems most often concern the stronger sex. A diet recommended for high cholesterol in men will help reduce the risk of pathologies.
The best way to trick statistics
Cellular fat, which is called cholesterol, is a kind of building material for the cells of all tissues. We get one-third of this substance from food, and the rest is provided by the liver. When excessive consumption of foods with a high content of cholesterol, there is an excess of it, “good” cell fat becomes “bad”, is deposited on the walls of blood vessels and provokes thrombophlebitis, heart attack and stroke.
Any of these diseases can be fatal. But there is an effective way to get rid of "negative" cholesterol and not to replenish its reserves - to organize your diet correctly, that is, to balance the daily dose of cell fat consumption. For men, this is 300 mg / day in the absence of hypercholesterolemia and 200 mg / day if the figures are too high.
Principles of diet
Food restrictions for high cholesterol are quite serious. And, nevertheless, it is easier to come to terms with the fact that from now on you will have to eat "according to the rules" than to become a regular cardiologist and a potential client of a vascular surgeon.
5 rules of organization mode
To master the psychologically complex task of the diet should be gradually. And the first step is to follow the rules:
- eat 5-6 times a day;
- Do not eat products from the banned list;
- 2 times a week to eat fish;
- 5 times a day, eat fruits and vegetables;
- entrust drafting your diet to the doctor.
What is good and what is bad?
What can you eat with cholesterol? The diet is very tasty, and the choice of products for it is based on the fact that products allow the body to consume "good" cell fat and not accumulate "bad":
- green apples;
- fresh strawberries;
- homemade peaches;
- green vegetables (celery, cabbage, onions, dill, etc.);
- vegetable oil (olive);
- dairy products;
- nuts (almond, walnut and pistachio);
- green tea unsweetened (increases "useful" cholesterol "), black (keeps the capillary tone);
But the list of banned products is quite large:
- White bread;
- cakes, cakes, ice cream;
- fatty dairy products;
- fat meat;
- fast food;
- squid, shrimp;
- coffee (raises cholesterol by 17%).
Since we are talking about men, it is impossible not to say about alcohol in an exemplary menu cholesterol diet. To the surprise of many, doctors do not consider moderate consumption of drinks with "degrees" a violation of the diet. But only moderate, that is, about:
- 200 ml of wine;
- 200 ml of filtered beer;
- 60 grams of other alcohol.
And yet: in diabetes, these doses are regulated by a doctor.
Many modern men suffer from overweight. The menu for the week with high cholesterol will help to part with 0.5 kg in 7 days. And this is despite the fact that there is practically no need to sacrifice delicious dishes.
1st meal: protein omelet, white cabbage salad with greens, seasoned with olive oil and fresh lemon juice, tea without sugar (green).
2nd meal: citrus fruit.
3rd meal: pumpkin soup, buckwheat porridge with mushrooms, dried fruit compote.
4th meal: carrot-apple salad, low-fat kefir.
5th meal: grilled fish, vegetable salad, tea.
1st meal: oatmeal porridge, cucumber salad, tea.
2nd meal: cottage cheese, apple, compote of fresh berries or fruits.
3rd meal: soup with potatoes and celery, stewed breast with rice, juice.
4th meal: fruit.
5th meal: cabbage stewed with greens, unsweetened tea.
1st meal: cottage cheese casserole with fruit, tea.
2nd meal: fresh beetroot salad.
3rd meal: mushroom cream soup, steamed chicken cutlets, salad, tea.
4th meal: low-fat kefir.
5th meal: protein omelet with tomatoes, tea.
1st meal: porridge from corn grits, dried fruit, tea.
2nd meal: carrot salad.
3rd meal: chicken soup with cabbage, salad, berry jelly.
4th meal: low-fat yogurt.
5th meal: pilaf, tea.
1st meal: omelet with mushrooms, seaweed salad, tea.
2nd meal: citrus fruit.
3rd meal: pearl barley soup, fish stew with carrot, fresh.
4th meal: vegetable salad.
5th meal: pudding with cottage cheese with berries, tea.
1st meal: rice porridge, fruit, tea.
2nd meal: apple.
3rd meal: beetroot soup, steamed chicken meat patty, mashed potatoes, fresh.
4th meal: cabbage salad.
5th meal: fruit salad.
1st meal: a curd with fruit, coffee.
2nd meal: low-fat kefir.
3rd meal: cabbage, vegetable stew, boiled beef, fruit compote.
4th meal: fruit.
5th meal: buckwheat porridge.
A diet with high cholesterol in men helps not only to balance the indicators of cellular fat, but also to improve the overall physical condition by reducing weight. Thus, following the simple rules of healthy eating, you can protect yourself from cardiovascular diseases and the occurrence of blood clots. At the same time, the products that are included in the diet, allow you to cook the most exquisite dishes, not at all resembling the diet of ardent fans of healthy eating.