One of the causes of recurring runny nose can be a cyst in the nose. Is it dangerous - a question asked by everyone who has encountered a similar diagnosis. Bubble in the maxillary cavity can have a different origin and causes, manifest a variety of symptoms. Depending on these factors, further action tactics are determined.
Classification of cysts in the maxillary sinus
According to statistics, every tenth inhabitant of the planet has a cyst in the nasal sinus. In this case, the diagnosis is most often made as a result of x-ray examination of the nasal cavity in connection with other diseases. It is a benign tumor with walls and a cavity containing inflammatory fluid. It is formed due to various violations of the outflow of secretions from the nasal mucosa. According to what content fills the cavity, cysts are classified into:
- mucous membranes (in violation of the mechanism of output of mucus);
- purulent (if a cyst was formed during the inflammatory process in the upper jaw section);
- serous (in case of accumulation of serous fluid, in other words, blood serum fluid);
- air (caused by air accumulation).
By the origin of the cyst can be:
- true (formed due to inflammation of the nasal mucosa);
- false (their origin has not been precisely studied, but it is assumed that they are caused by the action of allergens or infections; most often occur in men);
- dental (caused by dental infection);
- associated with malformations of organs.
In the latter case, cysts are formed when the secretory fluid accumulates inside the ducts due to the structural features of the nasopharynx.
Causes of cyst in the sinus
To understand why cysts appear in the nasal (maxillary) sinuses and whether it is dangerous, you need to understand the mechanism of the mucous membrane of the maxillary sinuses. In the mucous ducts of man is constantly produced a secret that is excreted through the glands, ending duct. That, in turn, removes fluid into the surface area of the sinus mucosa. If the duct is blocked, the fluid accumulates and a bubble forms - a cyst. This neoplasm, as a rule, does not cause inconvenience to a person. But throughout the life of a cyst can grow, filling the entire sinus. The reasons for the formation of a benign tumor may be as follows:
- oral cavity caries;
- sinusitis in chronic form;
- very hard sky;
- asymmetry of features.
In case of problems with the teeth, the tumors are located on the bottom of the sinus. In the rest - a bubble can form anywhere in the sinus. Obstruction of the mucous duct is dangerous because, if inflamed, it can cause the tissue of the facial bones to die.
Symptoms and diagnosis of pathology
If there is a suspicion of a cyst in the maxillary sinus, the symptoms and treatment is the main thing that interests the patient. The main signs of the appearance of a bubble in the nasal sinus are:
- dull pain under the eyes;
- frequent discharge of mucus from the nose - viscous in texture, sometimes purulent;
- frequent sinusitis;
- systematic rhinitis;
- aching headache;
- pain in the upper jaw.
However, none of the listed symptoms is an accurate symptom of a cyst. In order to make sure the diagnosis requires a number of diagnostic measures:-
- X-ray in two projections of the sinuses (may be uninformative);
- CT scan;
- endoscopy of the upper jaw;
- haimography (a place where a cyst may have formed, a special contrast is injected);
- biopsy (from the cavity of the cyst take fluid for the analysis of biochemistry and cytology, which are also analyzes for tumor markers).
Comprehensive diagnosis is especially important to determine the nature of the cyst.
Treatment and removal of cysts
Treatment of cysts in the maxillary sinus is carried out only if there is a growth dynamics. If the cause of the formation of a tumor are problems with the teeth, then it does not require any intervention and goes away on its own after solving dental problems. For the treatment of cysts in medicine are used:
- cystic fluid puncture. The fluid is pumped through a special hole in the cavity of the cyst, but sometimes fistulas can occur at the puncture site, as well as infection of the cavity;
- Caldwell-Luc surgery. An incision is made under the upper lip, from where a cyst is removed through a puncture of the anterior lobe of the sinus, but the incision is healed rather than overgrown. Therefore, there is a high risk of chronic rhinitis or sinus due to dysfunction of the ducts of the mucous membrane;
- endoscopic removal of sinus cyst. An endoscope is inserted into the nose, which removes the tumor through a small hole in the maxillary sinus with special forceps.
The latter method is the most gentle, because:
- does not require cuts;
- complications are very rare;
- the rehabilitation process takes several hours;
- There are no contraindications for endoscopic removal of the maxillary sinus cyst.
Traditional methods of treatment
If the process of cyst formation proceeds without expressed symptoms, then you can use the popular methods of its treatment.
- Instilling a nose with aloe vera juice. Three times a day you need to bury 5-6 drops of juice in each nostril. Before using the aloe leaf must be in the cold for 3 days - so all the useful substances will appear in it.
- Drops on the basis of a mummy. The recipe for making drops is simple: mix 1 tbsp. l water, 5 ml of glycerin and 3 g mummy. It is necessary to dig in 3 times a day on 1-2 drops.
- Drops from the juice of room cyclamen, diluted with water in a ratio of 1: 4.
- Homemade ginseng juice 3-4 drops in each nostril.
A cyst in the sinus can not regress with any type of conservative intervention. Finally, you can get rid of the tumor only by surgery. However, folk remedies and drug therapy prescribed by a doctor can be an excellent prevention of the recurrence and inflammation of the cyst in the maxillary sinus.