Today, there is a lot of talk about the need for family planning and increasing fertility. However, in recent years, more and more women are trying to learn about the possible options for contraception. No matter what purpose you are pursuing: to avoid an unwanted pregnancy or just safe sex in general, all contraceptives should be chosen strictly for each age group. Let's find out which contraceptives are best for women over 30 years old.
Birth control pills after 30 years: what to choose and why?
Sooner or later, before every woman who wants to lead an active sex life and not get pregnant, there is a choice of the right means of contraception. Of course, ideally, these issues should be dealt with by a gynecologist who will advise a drug that is appropriate for a particular case. When choosing contraceptive drugs are taken into account such factors:
- medical records;
- getting the desired result;
- future plans.
But if it is not possible to consult a doctor, you will have to learn to understand the means of contraception independently.
For healthy women without bad habits, the option of taking birth control pills is ideal. And although many fear this method because of the possible side effects from the action of hormones, in fact there is nothing wrong with that. With proper selection of pills, the risk of complications is minimal. In addition, for those who are contraindicated in combination therapy, there are non-hormonal drugs - spermicides.
Combined hormonal drugs
The effect of hormonal drugs is based on the suppression of the function of the egg through the influence on the female body of additional hormones - estrogen and progesterone. Combined hormonal pills are mono-, two- or three-phase and are divided into groups depending on the dosage of the active components:
- Microdosing pills are most often prescribed to young, birthless girls with an active sex life and women who have not taken any other combination contraceptives up to this point.
- Low-dose drugs - the best option for women after 30 years and in the period of early menopause.
- Medium-dose pills are prescribed after childbirth, abortion, and in the late postmenstrual period.
- High-dose pills are most often used as an aid in the treatment of hormonal disorders.
Such tablets, besides the main function of preventing unwanted pregnancy, have a number of additional advantages:
- reduce hair growth in intimate areas, armpits and on the face;
- improve the condition of the skin, reduce redness and inflammation;
- reduce the risk of cancer;
- reduce seborrhea manifestations;
- prevent hair loss.
The most popular low-level drugs include Marvelone, Yarin, Zhanin, Belara and Median.
Immediately it is worth noting that non-hormonal birth control pills themselves are not pills. The form of release of such quite popular products differs from vaginal ointments, creams and aerosols to special candles and tampons.
The effect of non-hormonal spermicides is based on the fact that such preparations thicken the layer of cervical mucus, thereby creating a protective barrier at the entrance to the uterus. Spermatozoa, faced with an obstacle in their path, die in the process of fighting for penetration inside or enter the uterus less active and can not fertilize the egg.
Assign the use of non-hormonal contraceptives for women of different age categories, if there is one or more of the following indicators:
- rare sexual activity;
- the presence of contraindications for taking combined hormonal drugs;
- during breastfeeding;
- latex allergy;
- the presence of some gynecological diseases.
Usually non-hormonal spermicides are prescribed with additional means of protection against unwanted pregnancy, for example, using vaginal diaphragms.
The most popular non-hormonal drugs include Farmatex, Benatex, Ginecotex, Nonoxynol, Traceptin and others.
As a general introduction to the principle of action of hormonal drugs and spermicides, we consider examples of the use of Marvelon tablets and Farmatex vaginal suppositories.
Marvelon: instructions for use, price, reviews
Marvelone is a monophasic drug with an average content of active ingredients in the composition. Designed to suppress ovulation and increase the density of cervical mucus, thereby achieving a contraceptive effect.
Release form, dosage and price
The drug is available in cardboard packaging, which is sachet filled with 21 pills. Each tablet has a white color, small size and bulges on both sides. The average price of Marvelon in pharmacies in Russia varies from 600 to 1000 rubles per pack. The tool is taken strictly as prescribed by a doctor in compliance with instructions from the manufacturer.
With proper selection of the drug and strict compliance with the instructions, most women note its positive effect. The menstrual cycle comes in a clear time, and the level of protection against unwanted pregnancy is quite high. Side effects are observed only in the minimum number of women, and then as a result of non-compliance with the dosage or basic doctor's prescriptions.
Contraceptive candles Farmateks: instructions, price
Pharmatex - antiseptic spermicidal agent of local action. The drug is absolutely safe and does not change the natural microflora of the vagina.
The non-hormonal drug Farmatex has several forms of release: candles, tampons, cream and tablets. Any dosage form is taken only intervaginally, and the dosage is prescribed according to the individual characteristics of the woman.
The average price of Pharmatex candles in pharmacies in Russia varies from 220 to 650 rubles per pack.
Finding the right oral contraceptive is sometimes difficult even for an experienced gynecologist. Therefore, when choosing your own medicine, be extremely careful to avoid unpleasant consequences.