Sometimes when swimming in a common pool or using someone else's personal protective equipment, children may develop a disease such as molluscum contagiosum. Most often it affects the skin of the child and is a pronounced rash. Many parents are panicked, as they cannot explain to themselves what it is that has appeared on the skin of their beloved offspring. Let's understand the ways of infection, the symptoms and methods of treatment of molluscum contagiosum.
Contagious mollusc: what is it?
Molluscum contagiosum is an infectious disease that can be transmitted through basic necessities. The causative agent of infection is a virus from the poxvirus group. Most often this disease is observed among young children. Since any bodily contact can lead to infection, the unhealthy child should be protected from other children first.
Molluscum contagiosum is a nodule on the body of a child. They outwardly resemble mollusk shells, as a result of which the disease received such an unusual name. The central part of the papule has a small groove with rounded edges. When you try to squeeze the contents out of the wound, a liquid like a curd mass flows out. Papules are pinkish or creamy.
Molluscum contagiosum in children: methods of infection
Most often, this disease affects children who do not follow basic hygiene rules, which leads to contamination of the upper skin. An ideal environment for a virus is considered to be regions with a hot, humid climate that promotes the proliferation of bacteria.
Contagious molluscum in children may appear in the following cases:
- when children use one towel and common toys;
- when playing on the carpet or carpet;
- when shaking hands, etc.
Children are most often infected with molluscum contagiosum, being in school, kindergarten, or swimming in public pools or open water bodies. Many parents confuse the disease with warts and other skin lesions, which leads to a delay in the treatment process.
Molluscum contagiosum in children: symptoms and area of damage
Mostly molluscum contagiosum is manifested by a rash on those parts of the body where the skin is thinner. These places include:
- lower abdomen;
Less commonly, a rash appears on the face, hands, toes. The time of formation and maturation of the rash is most often 14 days, but sometimes the process can take more than one month.
To detect a rash at an early stage is quite difficult. The development of the disease takes place with almost no fever or general malaise in the child. In rare cases and in severe form, children may itch. The volume of the papule is most often 1 mm, but sometimes it reaches 1 cm. It is necessary to carefully monitor the condition of the child, since if the process is accompanied by itching, it can lead to inflammation due to dirt in the open wound when itching. In order to make sure that the child has a really contagious mollusk, you can gently press on the formation with sterile forceps: a white thick liquid will appear.
A new method of treatment is associated with the surgical removal of nodules with further disinfection of bare skin. This procedure is practically painless and does not require anesthesia. With the defeat of large areas of skin and prolonged illness can use local anesthetic drugs. Remove the rash with tweezers or a special spoon of Volkmann.
Supporters of cauterization and freezing consider such methods to be more effective and quick, although, according to parents, these procedures are quite painful, and dark spots remain after them. Freezing is carried out with liquid nitrogen with further skin coating with special antiseptic ointments. Cauterization occurs with a laser on a dotted pattern. However, such methods of treatment of molluscum contagiosum in children are used very rarely because of the painfulness of the procedure and its high cost.
Doctors in Western European countries are not advocates of mechanical treatment, as well as by cauterization and freezing. They believe that surgical intervention leads to a one-time effect. Even if an infected person is recovering, he acquires a small percentage of immunity, which is not a guarantee of complete recovery. Children who have contracted a molluscum are no less susceptible than healthy to reinfection.
According to the advice of specialists from Western countries, it is necessary not to get rid of the rash, but try to strengthen the child’s immunity with the help of antiviral therapy. The use of ointments and creams with immune bodies and antiviral substances can not only get rid of the infection, but also strengthen the immune system. This helps to increase the degree of protection of the child in the future from various infectious diseases.
Antibiotics for patients with molluscum contagiosum are used quite rarely and are prescribed by doctors only in the case of a severe form of the disease with prolonged signs of the disease, such as:
- damage to more than 30% of skin areas with a rash;
- severe itching;
- redness of large areas of the body;
- bleeding wounds.
Folk methods to the rescue
Domestic doctors recommend the use of folk treatment methods, if the form of the disease is non-critical and does not cause discomfort to the child. As a medicine, garlic and celandine juice are used. These plants have strong immune characteristics, and also contain natural antibiotic and iodine.
Preparation and use:
- Garlic or celandine must be squeezed out in special cups.
- The resulting gruel rub the affected skin in a child. It is necessary to rub papules at least 5 times a day.
The most important requirement in the prevention of the disease - adherence to the strictest hygiene. All toys, household utensils must be disinfected. Things need to iron at high temperatures.
Cleanliness is a prerequisite for reducing the risk of secondary disease. Any pathogenic bacteria appear only where the level of purity is very low. Sports, eating foods rich in vitamins and protein, will enhance the immunity of your child and avoid contagious molluscum contamination.