At the beginning of his life, a newborn baby is exposed to many dangers, including all sorts of diseases. His immunity is still weak, getting into a new environment for a baby is a serious stress. One of these dangers is conjunctivitis, which can appear for a variety of reasons.
Types and causes of conjunctivitis in babies
In a general sense, doctors distinguish 3 types of conjunctivitis:
- bacterial (caused by microbes, bacteria - most often chlamydia or staphylococcus);
- viral (pathogens of viral conjunctivitis are adenoviruses, enteroviruses, herpes);
- allergic (mucous response to household irritants - dust, strong odors, household chemicals, pollen, pet hair, etc.).
As for the reasons for which this disease is manifested in children, in the case of allergic conjunctivitis, everything is clear. Irritation occurs due to the existence of a certain factor, the elimination of which will entail recovery. In the first 2 cases, everything is much more serious.
Get a harmful bacteria or viruses, the newborn can either from the mother's body, or because of errors in the care of him. Therefore, expectant mothers are so important to monitor their own health - in the case of an untreated urogenital infection, the likelihood of infecting her baby is very high. Such a result of this infection, like conjunctivitis, is still “easily escaped”, the consequences can be much more serious.
A healthy baby can become infected with conjunctivitis through interaction with an infected person or a non-sterile item. Failure to comply with the hygienic regime in the obstetric hospital is one of the causes of conjunctivitis in children.
The main symptoms of the disease in children
When conjunctivitis mucosa of the eyes is inflamed, so the first sign of this disease is its redness. Inflammation causes itching, from which the baby will cry, try to somehow reach the eyes with pens. Often when conjunctivitis appear purulent discharge that glue the eyelids, especially noticeable after sleep.
Another disease may be associated with similar symptoms - obstruction of the lacrimal canal in newborns. In this case, treatment of conjunctivitis will not help, and additional measures will be needed - a massage of the lacrimal canal or even sensing. In any case, you will not be able to determine this yourself at home, so you should contact your doctor immediately as soon as you notice the first signs of the disease.
Conjunctivitis in a child: how to treat?
Children over 3 years old and adults are prescribed eye drops or ointment to treat conjunctivitis. However, in the case of an infant, drops are more often prescribed, since this is a more convenient way to “deliver” the medicine to the lesion, but it is more difficult to apply to the ointment. In addition, the baby does not understand why all this is done, therefore, it resists and is capricious.
But before you drip the medicine in the eye, you need to clean it. An individual tampon is used for each eye, and it is better to make it from gauze rather than cotton wool (cotton wool tampons can remain in the eye and cause additional irritation).
Rinse the eye with an aqueous solution based on chamomile, potassium permanganate, furatsilin or black tea. Moisten the swab profusely and slide from the outer edge of the eyelid to the inner (toward the nose). No need to rub the eye, it is better to completely repeat the procedure several times until all the pus is washed off.
Drops of conjunctivitis for newborns are prescribed by a doctor, do not allow any self-medication, because the causes of the disease may be different. For example, for bacterial conjunctivitis, chloramphenicol drops or albumin are prescribed, and for antiviral, Actipol, Poludan, or others.
To drip the medicine in the child's eye, you need to gently pull the lower eyelid and drip on the mucous membrane. If the kid resists, squeezes his eyes, just drip between the eyelashes, and then with his fingers, stretch the eyelids - drops fall on the mucous membrane. Use a rounded tip pipette to avoid accidentally injuring the baby.
Bury droplets baby needs strictly according to the scheme prescribed by the doctor. Depending on the nature and complexity of the disease, treatment can last from several days to several weeks.
So, if you have discovered conjunctivitis in an infant, "how to treat?" - this is not your first question. The first should be the question of the causes of the disease, because a universal remedy that would help from all diseases at once, has not yet been invented. Therefore, be prudent and consult a doctor as soon as possible, only this way you are guaranteed to be able to help your child.