If after a walk outside in the cold season you notice reddening and flaking on your face or arms in your child’s or your child’s face, then you’re sick cold allergies.
Allergy in recent years has become the second most common disease after diseases of the cardiovascular system. Despite its widespread distribution, it is still poorly understood, and some of the symptoms of cold allergies are very similar to a cold or dermatitis. The peculiarity of cold allergy lies precisely in the fact that it usually occurs during the cold period..
To know how to deal with it and speed up recovery, you need to get acquainted with symptoms and treatments for cold allergies.
Cold allergy on the face: symptoms
Symptoms of cold allergies on the face include redness of the cheeks, peeling and itching.Allergy in essence is an increased sensitivity of the body to stimuli. When such an allergen enters the body, antibodies are produced that cause toxic manifestations: reddening of the skin, dilation of blood vessels, irritation of the nasal mucosa, runny nose, sneezing. Each of these manifestations refers to a typical allergic reaction.
But by itself cold allergy is not a typical reaction, as in her case there is no usual allergen, as with food or chemical allergies. To this day, the exact cause has not been established, which causes such an organism's reaction to the cold.
Also, this type of allergy may occur not only in the winter, but throughout the year, it is especially dangerous during the off-season. Allergic reactions can be caused by drafts, dampness, cold winds, cold foods and drinks.
With the appearance of cold allergies on the face may be difficulty breathing, cough, tear discharge from the eyes. If the cause of cold allergies - cold drinks, it may appear rash on the lips. When these symptoms appear, you should immediately seek help from a specialist who will help alleviate the condition and prescribe a course of treatment.
Cold hand allergies: symptoms
Symptoms of cold allergy after exposure to low temperature or wind occur after a few minutes on the hands. Appear rash dense consistency, white or pink. Immediately there is a feeling of itching. After a few hours they should pass, but when exposed to cold they can appear regularly.
Cold allergy can also occur as a consequence of diseases such as lupus erythematosus, dysfunction of the thyroid gland. Usually, such an allergy is not accompanied by itching, but burning, and occurs after exposure to cold wind on exposed skin of the hands. In addition to itching, cold hand allergies can cause headaches, low blood pressure.. The most serious consequence of hypothermia of the body in the presence of such an allergy may be Quincke edema, a person begins to choke.
Therefore, it is necessary to determine the presence of allergies of this particular nature. To do this, a simple test. A piece of ice is placed on the wrist and holds on it for 20 minutes. After that, the reaction is removed and studied, rashes appeared, and itchy hands. If yes, then there is a predisposition to cold allergies. But the absence of a reaction in the presence of its symptoms does not mean that it does not exist. Cold allergy of a more complex nature is diagnosed with the help of other, complex studies.
Cold allergy in children
Unfortunately, children suffer from cold allergies. If after a walk, when it is cold outside, after 3 hours a blush does not leave the child's cheeks and then a rash appears, you can immediately suspect the occurrence of this allergy. With a mild cold allergy, open areas of the body turn red and start to itch. After 10 minutes of being in the cold, itching also appears, and the child tries to scratch his face. A rash in the form of pink or whitish pimples can occur not only on the face, but also on the hands. In young children, it may appear on the knees, hips and inner surface of the hips. Child rash causes anxiety.
Sometimes cold allergy manifests itself differently. Edema develops around the lips and eyes, eyes begin to water, the lips become cracked and flaky. In addition, it can cause nasal congestion, wheezing when breathing, dry cough. Very often, cold allergy occurs after suffering colds, and with dysbacteriosis and food allergy is even more difficult.
How to treat cold allergies?
For treatment, you can use any antihistamine drug. In winter and in the off-season, the effect of cold on the body should be reduced. Warm gloves, scarves, hooded jackets should be added to the wardrobe. Going out on the hands and face is better to apply a thin layer of fat cream, and on the lips - hygienic lipstick. When acne rash from applying fat cream on the face is better to refuse.
It is advisable to do any kind of sport and tempering, to increase the amount of vitamins A, E, PP and C, as well as food, which consists of fatty acids. All this will strengthen the immune system, especially children. If dermatitis and ulcers occur during allergies, healing ointments should be used.
It is very difficult to treat cold allergies where half a year is cold, and it is impossible to get used to it, without treatment, with age, the body’s response to it will only get harder. Most often it occurs in young women after infectious diseases.
You should not refuse to walk in the fresh air at all, only the doctor will be able to make an accurate diagnosis and give the necessary recommendations. When symptoms of cold allergy appear, be sure to seek medical help from the doctor to make it easier.