Everyone knows that if you do not treat any disease in a timely manner, it can turn into a chronic form. This also applies to the development of inflammatory processes in the bronchi. With the manifestation of cough for 2 years, you can diagnose chronic bronchitis. We will discuss his symptoms and treatment in adults in our article.
Why do questions: the true causes of bronchitis
Acute bronchitis is successfully treated for 3-4 weeks. But if the patient starts the treatment, the inflammatory processes can subside, and then periodically recur. In this case, doctors diagnose chronic bronchitis.
However, not necessarily acute bronchitis or other forms of this ailment will flow into the chronic stage. This is influenced by a number of factors, in particular:
- Ingestion of pathogens or bacteria. This factor begins to act if there are any pathology of the tonsils, oral cavity, etc.
- Genetic predisposition. The development of chronic bronchitis can be triggered by the physiological features of the structure of the bronchi. They may be too susceptible to negative effects, and because of their structure, outflow of accumulated sputum is hampered.
- Smoking. It is the smokers who are at the top of the risk group. Products of tobacco burning and decay fall into the bronchi and settle on their walls.
- Profession. If you work in difficult conditions, for example, in a chemical or petrochemical production facility, in a mine, the constant impact of polluted and heavy air can lead to the development of chronic bronchitis.
- Climate zone. If a person lives in a region where low temperature or high air humidity prevails, then he is at risk.
- Reduced immunity. As you know, the weakening of the body's defenses is considered a favorable breeding ground for bacteria and viruses.
Symptoms of the disease
Bronchitis in the chronic stage has specific symptoms that can distinguish this ailment from other pathologies of the respiratory tract. The main signs of the development of bronchitis include:
- shortness of breath;
- sputum production;
- asthmatic syndrome;
- blood spit;
- auscultatory signs;
Let's take a closer look at each symptom. Most often, with the development of bronchitis in the chronic form, a dry and unproductive cough appears. Sputum discharge is negligible. Cough may be accompanied by a whistle.
Dyspnea always occurs with the development of chronic obstructive bronchitis. Such symptoms manifest themselves only with prolonged development of inflammation in the bronchial cavity. Most often, the patient cannot even remember the approximate time when he fell ill with bronchitis. The occurrence of dyspnea is directly associated with difficulty breathing, as well as with the narrowing of the bronchial lumen.
At the initial stage of development of chronic bronchitis, sputum during cough is practically absent or its amount is negligible. It may have a clear or yellowish tint. For example, miners slime will have a black color. With exacerbation of inflammation, in the stage of relapse, the amount of sputum increases significantly. It acquires a thick texture and purulent nature. In this case, immediate medical correction of the patient’s condition is required.
By type of wheezing, you can determine the area of inflammation of the bronchi, as well as the stage of development of bronchitis. Blood expectoration is not considered a characteristic symptom of the disease. Such a sign is manifested only with the progression of pathology and the development of complicated consequences. If the blood is excessively excreted, this may indicate an oncological deformation of the mucous coating. The patient may also develop an asthmatic syndrome. During such attacks, the person does not have enough inhaled air and shortness of breath occurs. This is due to the narrowing of the lumen of the bronchi.
Obstructive forms of chronic bronchitis can provoke the development of cyanosis, that is, a change in the color of the skin. This is only due to oxygen deficiency. Auscultatory data indicate a modification of the lung tissue. This is a completely logical consequence of the development of chronic bronchitis. To identify such a symptom can only the attending specialist during the examination.
We treat illness with a doctor
Unfortunately, medicine is still unknown how to cure chronic bronchitis forever. Today, active research is being conducted on the newest methods of treating this disease by halotherapy, that is, visiting salt caves. But as long as this direction of treatment does not become accessible to all patients, the attending specialists do everything possible to ensure that during the period of exacerbation a person does not experience discomfort, and in a state of remission, he does not even recall such an illness.
During the treatment of bronchitis of chronic type, the patient is prescribed a number of drugs:
Antibiotics for bronchitis of a chronic nature are prescribed only when the patient has a low-grade fever and the body is intoxicated. In this case, he may be prescribed medication such as:
- "Makropen" and others.
The choice of the drug is made only after sputum collection for comparative bacteriological examination.
Expectorant pharmacological agents are necessary for loosening and removing sputum accumulated in the bronchial cavity. To this end, the doctor will recommend taking drugs from the group of mucolytics, for example, Bromhexin, Flavamed, and so on.
Anti-inflammatory and bronchodilator pharmacological agents are needed to expand the bronchial passage, facilitate breathing, and also to prevent the growth of bacteria. The most common drugs that have such effects are:
- "Fliksotid", etc.
For carrying out inhalation manipulations, a person suffering from chronic bronchitis can purchase a nebulizer. This device emits ultrasonic waves, chopping medicinal substances into tiny particles. Due to this, the pharmaceutical agent penetrates even into the small bronchi. Which solution is suitable for inhalation, you will tell the treating specialist.
Green first aid kit at hand
Many of us accept the methods of traditional medicine for the treatment of various ailments. With the help of folk remedies can be cured chronic bronchitis in the acute stage. Remember that treatment will be effective only with a combination of medicines with herbal remedies. Be sure to consult with a healthcare professional before using a particular means of traditional medicine.
First of all, during the period of treatment, the patient needs to reconsider his diet and balance it only with vitaminized and protein foods. In the stage of exacerbation of chronic bronchitis, a smoker needs to abandon this addiction. Ample warm drink should be constant and at least 4 liters per day.
Along with medicines prescribed by a specialist, you can warm the chest with mustard bags, compresses, put in jars and inhale with oil extracts. Greater popularity and proven effectiveness have potato inhalation.
An alternative method of treating such an illness in a chronic form is acupuncture. To conduct such manipulations on individual schemes should only the treating specialist. To relieve coughing and improve the general condition, you can use broths and tinctures from licorice root, treads, coltsfoot, althea, wild rosemary, pharmacy chamomile.
Do not attempt to treat chronic bronchitis yourself. Any illness in a chronic form can be a precursor to the development of complicated consequences. Entrust your health to the attending specialist and strictly follow all his recommendations and prescriptions. Be healthy!