Gallstone disease is a disease in which stones form in the gallbladder and bile ducts. This disease most often affects the fair sex. During ultrasound, sand is found in every second patient in these organs. This means that soon it will turn into stones. Therefore, gallstone disease, its symptoms, treatment and recommended diet - one of the most pressing topics related to women's health.
How to recognize gallstone disease: alarming symptoms
Of course, gallstones are also found in men, but women suffer from this disease much more often. The gallbladder is the female Achilles heel. This is due to the specific metabolism and hormonal background characteristic of the fair sex. Thus, during the carrying of a child and before menopause (after 45 years), the amount of cholesterol in the body of women increases, and the contractile movements of smooth muscles in the bile become less active.
How to determine, Are you threatened with a disease like gallstone disease? The symptoms, treatment, diet and causes of this disease are well studied and described. The main reasons for the appearance of stones in this body, according to scientists, are the following factors:
- improper diet (long breaks between meals);
- excesses of the gallbladder;
What symptoms indicate that unwanted foreign objects have appeared in this organ? At an early stage, the disease does not make itself felt. Even if several stones have already been formed in the gall, a person may not even guess what we are wearing inside of stones. Usually, such a finding is found completely by chance when conducting a survey about another disease.
Symptomatology directly depends on how many stones have accumulated in the gall, as well as on the size of the stones, and even on their location.
When the inflammatory process caused by stones goes into the active stage, the person begins to feel the following signs of ill health:
- feeling of heaviness in the right side;
- bitterness in the mouth;
- pain in the right hypochondrium after eating fatty, spicy foods or physical exertion.
- bouts of nausea.
- vomiting that does not bring relief.
Since such symptoms are characteristic of some other diseases of the digestive system organs, ultrasound is necessary for correct diagnosis.
If symptoms of gallstone disease are detected, the doctor should prescribe treatment and diet. Self-medication in this case can seriously harm your health!
There is a particular sign of gallstone disease that cannot be confused with any other disease. This is colic. It occurs when the number of stones becomes too large, and the stones begin to move. The patient feels a sharp and very strong pain on the right side below the ribs and in the epigastric region. The pain appears 30 minutes after eating. It can be given to the region of the heart, shoulder, under the scapula and is felt in the area of the clavicle.
If the pain does not subside, and the person's condition worsens (nausea, vomiting, body temperature rises to 38 degrees), then an emergency room is urgently needed, since this is most likely an attack of acute cholecystitis.
Medical methods of treatment: which is more effective - drugs or surgery?
Gallstones cannot appear instantly. The process of their formation lasts a long time. It all starts with seemingly harmless sand. Already at this stage, you should correctly treat your gall. To do this, use cholagogue means and make an organ tubage.
Concretions for the time being do not cause the person much concern. But it should be remembered that this is a time bomb, so when such a "gift" in the gall is found, it is urgent to take up treatment.
Depending on the patient’s condition and the number of stones, the doctor will suggest one of two treatment methods:
- conservative. If the size of the stones does not exceed 15 mm and the bile ducts are free, then the stones will try to be dissolved with the help of special preparations of ursodeoxycholic acid. They are taken from six months to 24 months. For the crushing of stones, shockwave cholelitis is used. Treatment with medication or a special procedure cannot insure the patient that stones do not form again.
- surgical. If the stones take up more than half the volume of the gallbladder or have large dimensions, then surgery is necessary. Now for this successfully used low-impact method - laparoscopy.
What diet to follow with stones in the gall bladder?
What should a person's diet be if he has a cholelithiasis? Nutrition - an important factor on which it depends on how the disease will develop. It is necessary to completely change the principle of nutrition - starting with the diet and ending with the frequency of meals.
Power should be fractional. Every day should be consumed up to 2.5 liters of fluid. It can be not only water, but also juices, weak tea with honey, compote. It should flatly give up alcohol and smoking. In addition, the taboo is imposed on such dishes and products:
- fried and spicy;
- fatty and smoked;
- too hot and very cold;
- coffee, chocolate, sour fruits, garlic, radish;
- spices and hot sauces;
- dishes falling under the category of "fast food".
The first recommendation for patients diagnosed with cholelithiasis - diet. What foods can I eat?
- well boiled cereals;
- lean fish;
- chicken steam cutlets;
- dairy products, in particular, non-sour cottage cheese;
- fruit and berry jelly;
- ripe sugary fruits;
- Wheat bran can be included in the diet to have sufficient fiber. Enough to eat 10-15 g of this product 2 times a day.
Food for gallstones should be as frequent as possible. Eating the last time a day should be no later than three hours before bedtime.
The purpose of the diet is to help the gallbladder, whose work is burdened by the presence of stones, to fulfill its responsibilities in the body. Special nutrition should also help to regain the process of education and separation of bile.
Will remedies from a folk medicine cabinet cure gallstone disease?
Before you go to the market for herbs and drugs, you should definitely remember how serious and dangerous the disease is gallstone disease. Treatment with folk remedies is strictly not allowed during exacerbation. You should not resort to unconventional methods of therapy and in the presence of a strong inflammatory process. Traditional medicine will be powerless even if the ultrasound showed that there are large stones of unknown structure in the gallstone.
In other situations, medical infusions and decoctions can be used to make the drug effect even more effective. What tools are advised to use traditional healers in order to support the body with gallstone disease?
To dissolve the calculus, you can try to use beet syrup. How to make such a natural medicine?
- Peel the beets.
- Cut the root vegetables into medium sized pieces.
- To fill with water.
- Boil the beets until you get a thick syrup.
- Drink three times a day for cup (before meals).
In the arsenal of traditional medicine, there are other recipes by which cholelithiasis can be cured. Treatment of folk remedies usually lasts a long time - at least 2 months. So, healers advise to eat every day for 2 tbsp. fruits of red rowan, pre-mixed with honey or sugar.
Olive oil can overcome the disease. To do this, it is necessary to use it half an hour before meals daily for 30 days. Treatment begins with ½ tsp. and bring reception to 4 tbsp. l
In order not to miss the development of gallstone disease, it is recommended to keep your weight normal, not to have a bite on the go, but to eat on time and properly. Not only women, but also men should move more and occasionally do ultrasound of the digestive organs. And if the stones still make themselves felt, there are ways to make them behave quietly or leave their homeland altogether.