With the arrival of spring, everything is blooming, trees are beginning to smell sweet, the grass is turning green and the allergy is dormant throughout the winter. Antihistamines, which include Cetrin, are designed to fight nasal congestion, red eyes and swollen eyelids. What are these pills for, and what do you need to know when taking medicine? This will be discussed further.
What is prescribed "Tsetrin"?
"Cetrin", the active component of which is cetirizine - the main blocker of H1-histamine receptors, is considered a drug of a new generation. In the beginning of spring, in the peak of the summer months and in the fall, this tool becomes an indispensable assistant for allergy sufferers. The drug is sold freely available in pharmacies of the country and has a pleasant price category.
Of course, the drug can not completely rid a person of allergies, but copes with its symptoms, inhibiting the reaction of the central nervous system to stimuli and having a sedative effect on the body as a whole.
What else and when prescribed pills "Tsetrin"? Here is a list of diseases for which this drug is effective:
- acute and chronic manifestations of rhinitis;
- inflammation of the outer membrane of the eye;
- itching and redness of the skin of different origin;
- mild asthma;
- chronic recurrent urticaria;
- diffuse atopic dermatitis.
Among the main therapeutic properties, taken from the indications for use of tablets "Tsetrin", the following can be distinguished:
- the drug eliminates skin rash, including an allergic reaction to cold;
- eliminates muscle spasm;
- reduces susceptibility of blood vessels, removes redness from the eyes;
- fights nasal congestion and prevents the accumulation of mucus;
- removes bronchospasm in mild form and allows you to breathe deeply;
- reduces the risk of fluid entering the soft tissue, thereby reducing the likelihood of edema.
The impressive list of medicinal effects exerted by the drug on the body makes Cetrin a quite competitive drug on the market for H1-blockers.
In what form is the drug, and what is its dosage?
The antihistamine "Cetrin" is available in only three types, such as:
- small round white tablets with a small strip on one side - 1 tablet contains 10 mg;
- in the form of a solution with a yellow tint and a pleasant fruity aroma - 1 vial contains 30 ml of suspension;
- drops for oral administration - 10 ml vial with convenient dispenser.
Adults are advised to take the drug in the form of tablets, and children - syrup or drops. However, do not forget that each species has its own dosage and rules of administration. Find out the number of drops or tablets "Tsetrina" can be from the instructions for use, and it is better to adhere to the doses indicated by the attending physician.
The course of drug treatment on average does not take more than a month. Most often, the first positive results can be seen already after 2 weeks. In severe cases of chronic allergy, according to the recommendation of the doctor, therapy can be extended to six months.
Tablets, syrup and drops "Tsetrin" are taken only orally and after entering the gastrointestinal tract are quickly absorbed by the body. The first allergic symptoms will begin to disappear within 20 minutes after ingestion. A complete blocking of the H1 receptor occurs after 60 minutes, when the highest concentration of active substances is observed in the blood, and lasts up to 24 hours. You can take the drug even while eating, but it is worth considering the fact that the effect of the drug will be slowed down by about one third.
“Cetrin” is derived by the kidneys - 2/3 of the received dose in an unchanged form and 10% of substances with fecal masses. In adults, the half-life of the drug is 7-10 hours; children will need about 6 hours for its elimination. In patients with renal impairment and people of old age, the purification process is approximately doubled.
Who should take the medicine with caution?
Despite the many seemingly positive moments and advantages for allergy sufferers, Cetrin should be abandoned to people at risk:
- pregnant women and lactating mothers, as the drug is deposited in breast milk;
- pills can not drink to young children under the age of 6 years, in which case syrup is prescribed;
- with individual intolerance to medicinal material;
- with kidney pathologies, it is recommended to reduce the dosage by half;
- the drug is completely contraindicated in babies under two years of age;
- elderly people "Tsetrin" can be taken only as prescribed by a doctor.
It is strictly forbidden to combine medicine with alcohol intake, and also with caution, tablets should be treated by drivers and people whose work is connected with mechanisms and is traumatic.
With proper reception and compliance with the norms of the tablet "Cetrin" receive only favorable reviews. The drug begins to act immediately, and its effectiveness is maintained throughout the day. In some cases, and most often due to non-compliance with the recommendations of the doctor, side effects appear:
- dry mouth;
- abnormal liver function;
- urinary retention;
- bloating and flatulence;
- skin rash and other allergic reactions.
The antihistamine drug "Cetrin" is an effective drug of the new generation against allergies. Its undoubted advantages are availability, reasonable price, quick action and efficiency. But remember that a miracle pill that would suit everyone does not exist. Therefore, before buying the drug, discuss with your doctor the appropriateness of its reception, dosage and course. Never self-medicate and do not look for optimal options based on the advice and opinions of strangers.