The small protrusions that appear on the cervix are called polyps. They can be multiple or single, depending on the type of treatment prescribed. Do not be afraid at first, because a polyp is a benign neoplasm, but at the first sign of its presence, you should immediately consult a specialist.
Polyps in the uterus: causes
Polyps are most often formed in women over 40 years old, but they can also appear in young girls. The main cause of the appearance of polyps are hormonal disorders. At the same time, the number of estrogens in the woman's body increases, which contribute to the rapid growth of the uterus walls. There are other reasons for the formation of polyps, including:
Diseases of the reproductive system of an inflammatory nature;
- Generic tears (out of time sewn up);
- Diseases of the thyroid gland;
- Disruptions and weakening of the immune system.
Most often, polyps are detected on examination by a gynecologist, with ultrasound of the female genital organs.
Symptoms of the disease
The polyps themselves often do not manifest themselves as overt symptoms. But there are diseases that are associated with this pathology: fibroids, erosion, ovarian dysfunction, etc. Their symptoms are easy to identify.
- Abdominal pain (usually lower abdomen);
- Changes in menstruation, increased intermenstrual bleeding (in the middle of the cycle);
- Spotting and soreness during and after intercourse;
- Long difficulties with conception.
If you find these signs, you must immediately undergo an examination by a gynecologist, including all the necessary tests.
In case of late treatment, the following complications may appear:
- Severe bleeding;
- Hormonal disbalance;
- The development of cervical cancer.
Removal of the polyp in the uterus: features of the procedure
Polyps are most often treated by surgery. Usually, depending on the individual characteristics of the patient, choose one of the types of procedures.
Polypectomy - unscrewing the polyp, followed by scraping the uterine lining and cervical canal.
Cryodestruction - removal of polyps under the action of low temperature. Considered one of the most effective methods.
Laser coagulation is the use of laser beams to remove polyps. After such an operation, there is no bleeding, scarring or scarring. The procedure is carried out on the 5-7th day of the menstrual cycle.
Excision by radio waves involves the processing of polyps by them with the help of special equipment. At the same time, the cervical epithelium is practically not injured, healing is significantly accelerated.
Diatermoexcision is an electric knife method that is absolutely painless. During surgery, the patient is under local anesthesia. The only drawback of the procedure is that it leaves scars and scars on the cervix.
Hysteroscopy - the doctor inserts a hysteroscope in the uterus and fills the uterus with a saline solution. Thanks to a thin instrument, the hysteroscope acts only on the affected area, without injuring healthy parts of the uterus. The operation is performed under general anesthesia.
Rules of conduct after surgery:
In order for recovery to go as quickly as possible and without complications, follow some rules after surgery:
- Abandon sexual activity for 1 month;
- Do not use tampons as a means of intimate hygiene;
- Do not take a bath, eliminate the sauna, bath;
- It is impossible to over-exert, all physical activities must be minimized;
- Follow all medical prescriptions.
After removal of the polyp, slight bleeding and slight pain in the lower abdomen are possible. These symptoms are completely normal and do not require treatment to a specialist. If you have a fever, there will be severe pain in the abdomen, there will be abundant blood discharge - consult a doctor immediately.
What to do if a polyp is found during pregnancy?
A cervical polyp during pregnancy is an unpleasant situation, but do not panic if something like this happens to you. If you were able to get pregnant with a polyp in the uterus, the further pregnancy will pass without complications, but you will have to see the doctor much more often than healthy women.
In future mothers, a brownish discharge may appear due to a polyp. To ensure a smooth pregnancy, a woman can be placed in the hospital.
Polyp during pregnancy complicates pregnancy, but do not need to panic ahead of time. Remove the polyp can be in the early stages, so that the carrying has passed as calmly as possible. But experts insist that the operation is best done after the baby is born, especially if the polyp does not cause complications.
A cervical polyp is a benign neoplasm that can appear in a woman at any age. To prevent the disease, it is necessary to prevent the development of gynecological diseases, visit the gynecologist in time, avoid abortions and monitor the hormonal background. At the first signs of a polyp of the cervix, immediately contact your gynecologist for further treatment!