Hemoglobin - a protein that is part of the blood corpuscles, red blood cells. Due to its chemical nature, hemoglobin is able to bind the oxygen of the air entering the body and transfer it to the organs and tissues. Insufficient hemoglobin levels adversely affect health and well-being. What is dangerous low hemoglobin? Symptoms in women speak for themselves.
Why does hemoglobin level go down?
Before talking about the reasons for the decrease in hemoglobin, it is necessary to determine which indicator to take as the norm. For non-pregnant women, the rate ranges from 120 to 160 g / l. Hemoglobin binds with oxygen in the lungs and transports it to organs and tissues. Redox reactions provide the body with energy for life. From the tissues in the opposite direction is transferred carbon dioxide, as a product of exchange. Both compounds, and "hemoglobin - oxygen", and "hemoglobin - carbon dioxide" are unstable, easily split. Hemoglobin is only firmly associated with carbon monoxide, as a result of which coma and death can occur.
Causes of low hemoglobin in women can be different:
- Unbalanced diet, mono-diets, lack of protein foods;
- Infectious diseases that occur in a chronic form;
- Inflammatory processes in the body;
- Great blood loss (bleeding, surgery, childbirth, heavy menstruation);
- Congenital feature, heredity.
Vegetarians will most likely deny the effect of meat refusal on the clinical picture of blood, however, animal proteins increase hemoglobin. With long observance of diets aimed at a sharp weight loss, a decrease in hemoglobin level is observed. The body has to spend extra energy to maintain vital processes at the proper level.
In addition, many diets recommend drinking plenty of water. This water is retained in the body, thereby increasing the volume of circulating blood. Since the volume of plasma (the liquid part of the blood) increases, and the number of red blood cells remains the same, their concentration decreases, and the level of hemoglobin decreases. Inflammatory processes, blood loss and diseases also affect the composition of the blood.
Symptoms of hemoglobin lowering
Since hemoglobin transports oxygen, which nourishes the internal organs, it can be assumed how the woman’s well-being will change if the level of iron-containing protein decreases.
Symptoms of anemia in women:
- Headaches, migraines;
- Weakness, lethargy, apathy;
- Shortness of breath, tachycardia, pain in the heart;
- Drowsy, yawning, as a way to saturate the body with oxygen;
- Brokenness, fatigue;
- Sleep disturbance;
- Reduced immunity;
- Brittleness, loss of hair shine of nails;
- Loss of appetite;
- Pallor of the skin;
- Decreased attention and memory, distraction;
- Fainting and fainting;
- The risk of developing complications from the disease.
Physiologically caused a decrease in hemoglobin in pregnant women, since blood volume increases due to the formation of placental circulation and the need to supply the fetus with nutrients. The rates of hemoglobin in future mothers are somewhat different, they need to carefully monitor these figures.
In the absence of pregnancy, the woman is responsible only for herself, but the lack of iron, the symptoms of which were listed above, does not allow to lead a full life, to rest and work normally. Weakness, fatigue, headaches create discomfort and require correcting the situation at the root.
How to increase hemoglobin?
Anemia is a condition that can be managed if you give it proper attention. You can increase your hemoglobin levels with proper nutrition.
Foods to increase hemoglobin:
- A fish
- Vegetables: potatoes, carrots, tomatoes;
- Fruits: pomegranate, quince, pear, apple, watermelon, dates, kiwi, plum, persimmon;
- Nuts: walnuts, cashews;
- Freshly squeezed juices
In severe anemia, foodstuffs alone do not raise hemoglobin, it is necessary to take special preparations containing iron:
- Sorbifer durules;
You should know that taking iron supplements is prescribed by long courses of 7-8 weeks. The hemoglobin level rises to the required level in 2-3 weeks, but the treatment cannot be stopped, because the effect will go away.
Many iron preparations have an unpleasant taste, can cause side effects in the form of vomiting, heartburn, and digestive disorders. If the drug causes intolerance, you should tell the doctor about it and find a replacement. Good results gives a combination of a balanced diet and drug therapy.
Anemia in women occurs quite often, as a rule, in a mild form, amenable to correction by changing diet and lifestyle.
But if such measures do not bring the desired result, you should seek medical help. Bivalent iron preparations will raise the level of hemoglobin, but it is important to understand that self-treatment should not be discussed. Treatment prescribed by the doctor according to the results of tests.
The clinical picture may change over a short period of time, a decrease in hemoglobin may be caused by stress, exercise, a small period of sleep and rest. It is important to undergo regular medical examinations and monitor hemoglobin levels, and if there are warning signs, do not hesitate to visit the doctor.