At times, doctors, after examining radiographic images, make a mysterious and frightening diagnosis of "calcinates in the lungs." What is it and how dangerous is it? After all, any changes in this body often become critical. How to independently recognize the formation of calcifications, and is it possible to do without surgical intervention, as well as other radical measures, to eliminate the problem?
Calcium in the lungs: general characteristics
First you need to understand what this term means. Calcinate is a formation consisting of dead tissue, enclosed in a kind of "cocoon" of lime calcified mass. In most cases, calcinate is caused by the attenuation of the inflammatory process, which has not been completely cured. The word “kalts” by its root means that the calcareous mass is generated by calcium salts that have accumulated and hardened. For this reason, it is often possible to hear that calcinates are called stones, but they are rather their initial form. So, far from the worst.
Most often, such salt deposits accumulate, of course, in the kidneys and bladder, however, in fact, they can be found absolutely anywhere in the body, and the lungs are not insured. If the calcium salts began to harden in the lungs, then a certain portion of the tissue was completely replaced by lime. On radiographs, it usually looks like a seal, a shadow with rounded edges, located close to the ribs - in the roots of the lungs. For this reason, it is extremely difficult for a physician with insufficient experience to recognize calcification. It is impossible to determine its appearance independently until an X-ray is taken.
Why does this pathology develop?
Since, as already mentioned, such a deposition occurs at the site of dead tissue, the main reason for the formation of calcifications in the lungs is inflammatory processes that have passed into the chronic stage after a long stay in the acute. Moreover, the patient's condition can be satisfactory, i.e. giving reason to assume that the body is cured. However, this is not the case.
- Infectious or viral diseases, including pneumonia (pneumonia) and microabscesses of this organ, mainly contribute to the appearance of calcifications in the lungs.
- Also prerequisites can be the appearance of parasites, for example, helminthic invasion, which is easy to determine after studying the composition of calcinate, where microorganisms-causative agents remain in the calcareous membrane. Here - the penetration of any foreign bodies, which grows a kind of protective "shell" of salts.
- The fact that calicinates in the lungs are often companions of poor-quality formations in the form of tumors cannot be discarded from view.
- But the most common cause of the formation of calcium salts is considered tuberculosis, as well as the fact of its origin. Moreover, it is absolutely not necessary to personally carry the disease - contact with a tuberculous patient is enough.
- In addition, the very essence of calcifications - the accumulation of salts - suggests that the exchange of this microelement was disturbed, and its proper assimilation became almost impossible. Therefore, it is not always the diagnosis of calcifications should cause suspicion of a critical state of the body: it is likely that it is enough just to eliminate the water-salt imbalance.
In rare cases, doctors talk about congenital calcifications. It makes no sense to fight with them, especially if they were determined to be a person in adulthood. Not always the disease really brings discomfort and impairs the quality of life: at least, if they do not develop.
Symptoms of the appearance of calcifications in the roots of the lungs
Earlier it was said that it was impossible to independently determine the presence of calcifications in the lungs. However, this is not entirely true: it is possible to diagnose a problem, but only in the case when it becomes severe. In the initial stages, salt accumulations usually do not cause problems and are not noticed at all.
- Calcinations that have begun to develop in the lungs replace an ever-increasing amount of lung tissue, which leads to disruption of the functioning of this organ, causing oxygen starvation.
This moment already, of course, will not hide from attention. What will it be expressed in?
- Sweating and shortness of breath, frequent increase in heart rate from minimal physical exertion, lack of air and feeling of pressure in the chest.
If these symptoms are present, it is strongly recommended that a consultation with a TB doctor be urgently obtained, as well as an x-ray and tomographic examination be performed to find out the full picture.
Persons in whom calcifications were found in the roots of the lungs are usually recommended to be under the supervision of a physician and to conduct routine examinations once a year or six months to monitor the activity of this process. Often, if there is no impairment in salt metabolism, and calcinate itself does not receive prerequisites for growth from the outside (for example, in the form of new infectious agents or malignant tumors), it is in a state of stagnation. Consequently, no measures need to be taken to eliminate it, but control is obligatory, since the presence of calcinates reduces the body’s immunity against the tuberculosis virus.
What should be the treatment?
As for the immediate therapy, taking into account the safety of 80% of calcifications, it is not carried out. Due to the fact that this formation is a consequence, and not a reason, even if necessary it is directed to the accumulation of salts that will make up a course of treatment.
- Crushing of calcifications in the lungs is not carried out, since it will be impossible to remove decomposition products from them.
- If calcinates are the "first bell" of tuberculosis, nutrition is necessarily adjusted, alcohol and nicotine are eliminated, and the sleep and rest regime is changed to reduce the likelihood of stress load on the body.
In the case when the cause of the appearance of calcifications is a violation of calcium metabolism, experts recommend adjusting the diet to prevent increased salt deposition. In particular, it is important to pay attention to the following points:
- Calcium absorption difficulties arise from vitamin A and E deficiencies, as well as ascorbic acid, and vitamin D deficiency.
- Calcium preparations should be started to be taken only by prescription, because with an illiterate approach to them, the accumulation of salts only increases. If you have to drink them, then add lemon juice to clean water - this will facilitate the digestion process.
- Calcium is transported to cells using amino acids, therefore, together with the sources of this trace element, protein products should be consumed and the amount of salt reduced.
- If disorders of calcium metabolism are associated with a weakening of the functioning of the gallbladder, it is necessary to include choleretic drugs in therapy (for a mild effect, these can be phyto-charges).
But before carrying out any treatment aimed at "freezing" the development of calcifications in the lungs, be sure to find out the reason why the accumulation of salts started. Otherwise, initially not a dangerous problem can take severe forms. At the same time, doctors remind that calcinates often resolve themselves.