Each of us faced a lot of unpleasant symptoms in the oral cavity - stomatitis, burned palate, injured gums, etc. All these conditions are short-lived in one way or another, and the reasons for which they formed are clear. What can not be said about the burning of the language. Patients can explain the presence of this symptom by the trauma of the tongue with foreign objects, constant mechanical friction on the teeth with chipped enamel, improperly set prostheses or fillings.
But still, according to patients, the most common cause of the formation of such unpleasant symptoms is the use of excessively spicy food. There is some truth in this, but still every patient must remember that the factors of discomfort can be much more serious, being the first signal of the presence of any serious pathology in the body. So why is there a burning sensation in the tongue? And how can this be dangerous?
Burning tongue: main causes
Burning tongue is one of the symptoms of glossalgia. Literally translated from the Greek, "glossa" is a language, and "algos" is a pain. This symptom complex may include various signs - pain, burning, tingling, rawness, xerostomia (dryness in the mouth), to put it simply, all those symptoms that are unpleasant and cause discomfort. At the same time, there are no visible changes in the language itself, the discomfort manifests itself independently, does not depend on food intake or exposure to other stimuli.
Such symptoms may occur not only in the tongue, but also on the lips, palate, and less often spread to the entire oral cavity. According to statistics, glosalgia most often occurs in women after 40 years of age, about 5-6 times less in men.
Burning and tingling are most pronounced on the lateral surfaces, the tip of the tongue, rarely such symptoms can occur on the back and root. The place in which pain and other unpleasant symptoms occur is constantly changing. If, in the morning, the discomfort was localized on the lateral surfaces, by the evening the burning sensation may occur at the tip of the tongue.
The burning of the tongue and lips can be triggered by a whole list of reasons, most often it is a whole symbiosis of factors. But still there are the most common options.
- After some research, dentists have come to the conclusion that psychosomatic causes can provoke a burning sensation of the tongue. These include persistent nerves, stress, or the presence of mental illness. In a separate column were allocated diseases of the nervous system, as provocateur glossalgii. The fact is that with such ailments the work of the motor and sensory nerves in the language itself is disturbed. From here forms numbness, burning of the tip of the tongue, etc.
- The reason for the burning of the tongue may be the lack of vitamins, mainly it is a deficiency of vitamins of group B, with the subsequent formation of B12 deficient anemia. In principle, all hemolytic diseases (blood diseases) can affect the functioning and well-being of the tongue.
- Burning can accompany almost all acute and exacerbation of chronic diseases of the digestive tract (especially liver, gallbladder), diabetes, some infectious diseases of internal organs.
- It is impossible to ignore the allergic reactions in the oral cavity - an allergy to filling materials, prosthetic materials and a special condition - galvanism, which occurs due to the potential difference of metals that are used in prosthetics.
What can be the treatment?
Burning tongue therapy cannot be complete without finding out the leading cause and eliminating it. Therefore, the treatment of glossalgia will be held with the participation of several specialists - a dentist, a neurologist, an endocrinologist, and even an ENT specialist.
The first results can already be obtained after sanitizing the oral cavity — restoring damaged teeth, removing the overhanging edges of fillings, and conducting professional hygiene — removing traumatic dental deposits. It is also necessary to replace the irrationally set prostheses to eliminate the potential difference of some metol, to restore the physiological height of the bite.
But if the cause of such symptoms lies not in the oral cavity, treatment can be more complicated and lengthy. As a rule, drugs are prescribed that will stimulate the tone of the nervous system: sedatives, medications that activate the cerebral circulation, and some vitamin preparations (groups B and C). For particularly impressionable patients, courses of a psychologist's visit are prescribed, after a session of hypnotic sleep, glossary often disappears without a trace.
When diagnosing anemia, the main therapy will be directed to the treatment of blood pathology, with the help of appropriate drugs - folic acid, vitamin B12, followed by replacement therapy.
In persons diagnosed with diabetes, treatment will be carried out by 2 doctors - a dentist and an endocrinologist. The main goal is to alleviate the condition of the patient and prevent the progression of the disease. For the relief of unpleasant symptoms, local anesthetics are prescribed in the form of applications to disturbing areas of the tongue; rinsing of the cavity with an anesthetic solution can be used. The anesthetic itself and the method of its use are determined in a strictly individual way by the attending doctor, while excluding the possible consequences - allergic reactions and individual intolerance to drugs.
To eliminate the symptoms of xerostomia, the tongue is lubricated with an oil solution of vitamin A, sea buckthorn oil. In order to stimulate salivation, all acidic foods are recommended - lemon, sour lollipops, or simply chewing gum without adding sugar.
Due to the variety of causes of burning of the tongue, each patient needs an individual approach and the development of an individual treatment regimen. But if patients with similar symptoms follow the above recommendations, you can achieve a lasting reduction in the symptoms of burning and other unpleasant sensations.