Burning in the region of the heart or stabbing pains cause many patients to be frightened. And first of all, think about cardiovascular pathology, for example, development of heart attack, angina, etc. In order to accurately diagnose the cause of these symptoms, you should consult with a specialist, undergo a series of studies, etc. In some cases, the reason will not be hidden in heart pathology .
Burning in the heart: what is it?
Of course, to say that pain, burning and other discomfort behind the sternum are not connected with the pathology of the heart. Only a doctor after a survey, examination and certain types of research can unequivocally tell about the causes. If you consult with a specialist in time and take appropriate measures, you can avoid serious consequences and complications that can affect many systems and organs.
Burning in the heart as a symptom can be a sign of angina pectoris, a form of coronary heart disease. At the same time, patients feel a burning sensation behind the sternum, perhaps a focus shift to the left, a burning sensation or stabbing pain can be given to the left arm and under the scapula. The cause of such manifestations, in most cases, is the presence of atherosclerotic plaques on the walls of blood vessels, with the result that the heart itself receives less oxygen and is in a state of oxygen starvation. Such symptoms may appear after intense or prolonged exertion, as soon as the stress factor has stopped its effect - the state returns to normal. As a first aid measure, it is necessary to dissolve the nitroglycerin tablet - relief will come in 2 minutes.
Burning in the region of the heart is also characteristic of pericarditis, an infectious inflammation of the pericardium (the outer lining of the heart, which is also called the "pericardial bag"). During the formation of such inflammation, patients complain of dull pressing pain behind the sternum. Also characterized by a deterioration in general well-being, with signs of intoxication and fever.
To diagnose a disease, a thorough examination by a specialist is necessary, as well as a certain list of studies, including laboratory tests.
Heart pain: main causes
Prolonged and intense pain may be the first sign of myocardial infarction. Despite the state of rest, the pain persists, there may be a feeling of pressure, burning, radiating to the left side of the body (arm, shoulder, neck and lower jaw). The main difference between stenocardia and heart attack is that with angina at rest, the symptoms disappear, but with heart attack there is no. In addition, the pain is not stopped by taking nitroglycerin, which is recommended as first aid for stenocardia. If these symptoms appear, you must immediately call an ambulance, because the bill can go for literally minutes. About the danger of heart attack says the statistics of mortality.
Exclusively for women in menopause is characterized by the periodic appearance of burning in the chest. The occurrence of such unpleasant feelings directly depends on the intensity of physical activity, due to the restructuring of the hormonal background. The state of rest and taking sedatives can significantly alleviate the patient's condition.
The cause of the pain and burning sensation behind the sternum can be the pinching of the nerves of the back. Patients note that the symptoms are similar to the manifestations of angina pectoris. But the main difference lies in the relationship between the occurrence of pain and physical exertion. With pinching of the nerves, the appearance of burning sensation and physical exertion are in no way connected. Painful symptoms of pinched nerves can be aggravated only by changing the position of the body, for example, bends, etc.
In some diseases of the digestive tract, namely gastritis of high acidity, reflux, etc., a burning sensation behind the sternum is possible. Discomfort in the region of the heart can manifest itself with a sharp tilt of the body down or with intense and prolonged exertion. Moreover, the burning is very intense, patients say that everything in the chest "burns".
A connection with food intake is observed, belching, heartburn appears.
The stabbing pain in the heart area always scares patients, during such an attack it is often simply impossible to fully breathe, and the fear of death may appear. But such a state, although very unpleasant, often does not carry a threat to life. A sharply pricking pain, which is similar to a needle prick, which is not long in nature and that appears suddenly, is not typical of the cardiac cause of occurrence. It’s just that - the heart doesn’t hurt so much; most likely, it’s about the pathology of the nervous system, such states as intercostal neuralgia or heart neurosis.
Most often, these symptoms appear in people who are emotional, who are experiencing literally all adversity strongly and sincerely. The home situation and the situation of work affairs imposes its imprint. In order to rule out serious pathologies, the doctor will suggest to take an ECG, which in 98% of cases does not show acute pathologies. To relieve such panic attacks, patients are prescribed a course of sedatives, recommendations for protecting themselves from stressful situations, and consulting a neurologist. In some cases, patients are recommended to visit a psychologist, at the reception of which you can master the skills of relaxation, reduce sensitivity to irritants.
Pain in the heart in some cases do not carry a threat. Sometimes you just need to reconsider your emotional state, take a vacation and go to the sea. On the other hand, conditions such as stenocardia and heart attack entail serious consequences for the health and even the life of the patient. And to understand this situation on your own is quite difficult, and sometimes impossible. For these reasons, the consultation of a specialist will never prevent, and if you feel unwell, you will also get an ambulance.