Many women are aware of the problem of protruding bone on the leg. No wonder the Internet is replete with various intricate ways to eliminate this problem. Why does this bump appear and how to get rid of it? These are topical issues, because it does not allow you to wear beautiful shoes, and the gait also suffers.
Where do the bones on the legs come from?
What is popularly called bone (bump) on the legs, in the scientific, medical world is called the valgus deformity of the toe. There are no cones or pits on the leg, it is just a deviation of the first metatarsal bone of the foot (thumb bone) towards the little finger, while at the same time the thumb tilts to the outside.
If the development of such a deformation does not pay attention, the situation only worsens over time. That not only violates the aesthetic appearance of the foot, but can also cause significant trouble - pain when walking, and the choice of shoes is quite complicated.
According to static data, it is women who are most often prone to this pathology. This can be explained by the love of the beautiful half to the beautiful and not quite comfortable shoes, and some anatomical and physiological features. In women, the musculo-ligament apparatus is naturally weak compared to men.
Do not forget about the hereditary factor, if the mother or grandmother had problems, then their daughter or granddaughter is clearly at risk.
Women should remember that the bone in their legs is not an age-related pathology. Valgus deformity can occur in young girls and even girls aged 12-15 years.
How is the valgus deformity of the finger?
Under normal conditions, the foot has 2 sets, they are necessary for depreciation. If the load distribution is uneven, the muscles gradually weaken and the foot begins to flatten. Gradually, this is reflected in the metatarsal bones.
If the foot has already undergone changes - it has become wider and flattened, and the woman continues to walk in the wrong shoes (tight, narrow), the condition worsens. The first metatarsal (thumb) begins to deviate from its physiological location. It is this displacement of the finger that leads to the formation of a valgus angle. At the same time, the head of the thumb bone is its apical one, which eventually thickens and forms the very same bone.
As and in many ways, the deformation of the big toe goes through certain stages of development. 1st stage - mixing not more than not 20 degrees. There are no unpleasant feelings, but there is an aesthetic inconvenience.
The 2nd stage is characterized by a shift of 20–30 degrees, and during long walking pains may appear. Stage 3 - the displacement of 30 - 50 degrees, the bone on the leg does not allow to move fully, it hurts, it is not so easy to pick up comfortable shoes.
Stage 4 is characterized by an offset of more than 50 degrees. Constant pain does not stop and the inflammation that has been formed does not bring relief even at rest. Moreover, the changes begin to affect other phalanxes of the fingers.
What treatments are effective?
No matter what is written on the net, no matter what miracle patches, baths and other means of “folk” medicine are suggested, they won't help to get rid of the bone on the leg. Of course, these actions can bring only temporary relief, relieve pain and heaviness in the legs. If the deformation is small, then it can be easily corrected with the help of various orthopedic structures.
- At the 1st stage, folk remedies can still remove the bones on the legs, for example, this is the use of a night bandage that will fix the thumb in a physiological position. It is impossible to walk with the construction, but in a dream it will not interfere.
- There are also means for daily wear - special corrective pads that can form the correct position of the thumb, as well as interdigital partitions.
- No matter at what stage the deformation is, be sure to wear orthopedic insoles. They will help to evenly distribute the load on the foot, while relieving the problem area.
- The pledge of successful treatment of the bones on the legs can be called the insole, but at the same time it should be made individually, taking into account the features of the foot, the size of the vault, etc. The modern versions that offer orthopedic salons are very thin and easily accommodated in any shoe, You can wear such insoles with ordinary shoes - they will remain unnoticed.
- In addition, the doctor will prescribe a complex of medical procedures - massage, physiotherapy, physical therapy, etc. The combination of these methods can stop the development of deformity and prevent further changes in the foot.
At home, the doctor may advise you to do certain exercises. They are aimed at preventing the formation of pits on the legs. First, it is recommended to walk barefoot, which hardens the legs. You can scatter pencils on the floor, and try to collect their toes. You can draw the toes with numbers from 1 to 5. Such exercises will help make the joints more flexible and less susceptible to inflammation.
Foot massage is also a very important remedy in the treatment of leg bones. It is able to restore blood flow and activate the flow of nutrients. In addition, the massage relaxes the muscles of the legs, relieves the tension of the ligaments and tendons.
At more serious stages, the most effective treatment will be the removal of the bones in the legs. Today, surgeons offer more than 30 methods, among them there are the most common, for example, osteotomy. The operation consists of shortening the thumb bone and returning it to its normal position.
In many clinics, operations are performed in a closed way, with the help of small punctures. The bone is fastened with the help of special screws, which then will not need to be removed. After surgery, gypsum is not applied, and the postoperative period takes an average of 2 to 3 months. At first, you will need to wear special postoperative shoes. Thanks to her, the load on the forefoot is removed. After that, it will be possible to wear orthopedic shoes, or, according to the doctor's recommendation, to walk for a certain time with a crutch or wand.
After the operation, the cosmetic defect is eliminated - the lump itself, but the restoration of the transverse arch does not occur. And so that the bone no longer appears, the rest of the time you will have to wear only the right shoes with arch support and orthopedic insoles.
For whom is bone removal contraindicated?
There are also contraindications to surgical treatment. The operation is contraindicated in obesity, poor blood clotting, diabetes, varicose veins, thrombophlebitis and other diseases of the cardiovascular system. In the presence of comorbidities, the operation is not advisable to do so as not to cause negative consequences.
So how to remove the bone on the legs? In the case of concomitant ailments, doctors suggest a non-surgical method of treatment. For example, it can be orthopedic tires. With them, you can adjust the position of the joint, which is fixed in the correct position.
Such a tire can be assigned both in the initial stages and in the stages when the valgus deformity of the foot has gone very far. As a rule, the tire is superimposed on the big toe and fixes it in the correct position. It can be used on any leg, regardless of its size. These tires do not interfere with walking, it can be worn for a long time. Good effect can be achieved only after prolonged wear.
Treatment of the bones on the legs is a serious matter, without expert advice will not do. Only after an examination and examination will it be possible to choose the right treatment. Observing all the advice of a specialist, you can succeed and get rid of the pathology.