In medical terminology and philistine conversations, we often hear that blood cholesterol is elevated. The reasons for how to treat this disease, how it is dangerous, we will discuss in our article. We will also talk about the difference between the so-called positive and negative cholesterol.
Why does our body need cholesterol?
It is possible to determine the level of cholesterol concentration in the blood as a result of a biochemical study of comparative blood samples. Many people regard the expression "high cholesterol" as a dangerous diagnosis. Before we consider the main causes of increasing cholesterol in the blood, let's see why a person needs it at all.
So, from the point of view of medicine, cholesterol is a compound of organic type, having a fat-soluble nature. This component is contained in cells and has protective properties. It isolates nerve fibers and protects the cell membrane.
About 80% of the cholesterol needed by the body is produced by the liver cells and only 20% of this substance comes from the outside, that is, with food. As you know, cholesterol is conditionally divided into two categories:
The first type has a higher density, so that sediment does not accumulate in our vessels. The second is called bad cholesterol and has a reduced density. As a result, an increase in its concentration in the cavity of the blood vessels accumulates deposits, which can lead to the development of a number of pathologies of the cardiovascular system.
Normal concentration of cholesterol has a beneficial effect on the human body, in particular:
- contributes to the normalization of metabolic processes;
- acts as a filtration element, eliminating harmful substances and preventing them from the cells;
- takes an active part in the production of vitamin D and bile;
- prevents the increase in carbon crystallization.
Etiology of negative cholesterol
If you have heard from the attending specialist that you have an elevated level of cholesterol in the blood, do not rush to despair and panic. To normalize its concentration, in the first place, the core doctor will identify the reasons for the increase in cholesterol. These include:
- improper and unbalanced nutrition;
- alcohol abuse;
- development of cardiovascular pathologies;
- renal dysfunction;
- uncontrolled reception of pharmacological agents;
- prolonged and improper use of oral contraceptives.
The causes of high blood cholesterol in women and men are almost identical. The main difference in changing its concentration is in the age category. Representatives of the strong half of humanity face this problem after reaching the age of 35. With regard to the representatives of the weaker sex, the change in the concentration of cholesterol in them is observed mainly in the onset of menopausal pause.
In women, cholesterol may increase when using oral contraceptives. Such processes are inextricably linked with hormonal imbalance. The main reason for the appearance in men of high cholesterol in the blood is associated with improper diet. Despite the fact that the level of concentration of this organic compound food effect is insignificant, when you use an excessive amount of animal fat, cholesterol rises rapidly.
Carefully monitor the intake of such foods:
- table mayonnaise;
- fermented milk products;
- red meat;
- cream margarine;
- crab meat, etc.
In medical practice, there is an opinion that the level of cholesterol may vary due to lack of exercise. Sitting and inactivity can also trigger cholesterol.
Normalize the concentration of cholesterol: the opinion of doctors
So, we have already found out the reasons for the appearance of high cholesterol in the blood. Now we will understand the features of treatment. Health workers argue that an increased concentration of cholesterol levels must be brought back to normal. If no treatment action is taken, as a result, sediments will accumulate in the cavity of the blood vessels and the risk of atherosclerosis, blood clots, ischemic pathology, heart attack, etc. will increase.
Many of you now, perhaps, wondered how to recognize, in addition to taking a blood test, that the body's cholesterol level exceeded the normal values? This condition has the following symptoms:
- angina pectoris;
- pain syndromes and a feeling of heaviness in the lower limbs with little exercise;
- heart muscle failure;
- the appearance of yellowish spots on the skin and eyeballs.
Cholesterol can be normalized in several ways:
- change in diet;
- taking pharmacological drugs;
- taking herbal remedies.
First of all, a person should pay attention to his diet and adjust it, taking into account the following aspects:
- at the time of treatment should refrain from eating baked pastries, margarine, cream and red meat;
- the daily rate of fat is not more than 30%;
- Every day you need to eat walnuts or pistachios;
- Your diet should be enriched with berries, in particular, blueberries and cherries;
- need to eat legumes.
When is medication needed?
If adherence to the diet does not bring results, and the concentration of negative cholesterol in the blood has not decreased, doctors resort to drug therapy. Do not take drugs yourself. Only a doctor will be able to prescribe the right and effective, and most importantly, safe pharmacological agent.
In order to normalize the concentration of cholesterol, drugs are most often prescribed, the action of which is aimed at blocking its production by the liver cells. This group includes various pharmaceuticals, such as Lipitor and Mevacor.
Treatment specialists note that nicotinic acid helps to normalize the concentration of positive and negative cholesterol. To this end, the patient may be prescribed drugs containing this substance. The most popular is the pharmacological agent "Niacin".
To normalize the concentration of negative cholesterol, you need a comprehensive treatment. In order to take medication positive, you should also take drugs that prevent the absorption of negative cholesterol into the intestinal wall. This group includes pharmacological substances "Kolestipol", "Questran", etc.
Do not forget that uncontrolled medication can lead to the development of complicated consequences. Correctly and safely normalize the concentration of cholesterol will only help the treating specialist.
Striking cholesterol with phytomedications
Along with taking pharmacological agents, the doctor may also prescribe fortified supplements. The following micro and macro elements are recognized as effective in the fight against elevated cholesterol:
- folic acid;
- a nicotinic acid.
Recently, phytotherapy has become very popular. Normalization of cholesterol concentration is also possible with the help of various fitosborov. So, the following means will help to cope with this ailment:
- quince seeds;
- viburnum fruit;
- burnet roots;
- Eleutherococcus roots;
- wild rose berries;
- burdock roots;
- swamp suicenice.
In itself, an increase in the concentration of negative cholesterol in the blood is not considered a serious illness, but this can lead to the development of other pathologies, in particular, the cardiovascular system. In identifying the slightest deviation from the norm, you need to undergo a comprehensive treatment under the supervision of a specialized specialist. Be healthy!