Black plaque on the tongue in adults and in the child

A person’s language can tell a lot about his state of health. Normally, it has a pink color and a thin layer of whitish or yellow patina. Other shades may indicate the presence of serious problems in the body. The greatest fear is always the black raid on the tongue. The causes of this rare phenomenon may lie in the disease of several organs.

Is there a threat to health?

Black plaque on the tongue: causes and treatment

Plaque of this color on the tongue is quite rare and does not always indicate that life-threatening or health-threatening problems have appeared in the body. It may look like a continuous spot of a rounded shape or as small black dots randomly scattered over the entire surface. And, if there are any doubts and concerns, you should observe the color of the language for several days and then take some action.

Very often, such a specific color appears after consuming products and drugs containing natural or synthetic food colors:

  • blueberries;
  • blackberries;
  • black ashberry;
  • Pepsi, cola;
  • black coffee;
  • activated carbon, etc.

If you find such an awesome hue of bloom, remember whether you ate such foods, rinse your mouth and brush your tongue. If nothing has changed and the surface remains black for several days, you should make an appointment with the therapist.

Serious causes of black bloom on the tongue in adults

If, after a thorough cleaning and rinsing of the mouth, the tongue still retains an unnatural color, moreover, you feel unpleasant sensations in this area, you should not pull on a visit to the doctor. Such a phenomenon may be caused by the following reasons, which will require specialized treatment.

  • Acidosis. Disease of the gastrointestinal tract, caused by indiscriminate and excessive consumption of fatty and carbohydrate foods and, as a result, a violation of acid-base balance.
  • Angina. In severe forms of purulent tonsillitis in the first days of the disease, a change in the color of the tongue may be observed - this is quite normal. After recovery, he will be the same.

Black plaque on the tongue in adults and in the child

  • Weakened immunity. A change in the color of the tongue for this reason most often occurs against the background of the administration of strong antibiotics. Such drugs, reducing the defenses, create excellent conditions for the reproduction of a chromogenic fungus, which changes the shade of the surface.
  • Thrush. In rare cases, an advanced disease can cause darkening of the plaque on the tongue.
  • Crohn's disease. A serious violation of autoimmune processes in the body. In this disease, there is a malfunction of the adrenal glands, a sharp increase in the level of melanin in the skin, inflammation of the organs of the gastrointestinal tract.
  • Remak disease. The disease is characterized by the presence of black spots on the surface of the tongue, a dark patina on the gums and often - a clearly noticeable metallic taste. This suggests a strong poisoning of the body with lead.

Why is the child's tongue stained?

In children, staining of the tongue in black can also be caused by food, the intake of specific agents (activated carbon, iron-containing drugs, antibiotics). But more often, the color change indicates the presence of pathologies in the children's body, in which the root of our taste organ darkens.

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The appearance of black plaque is associated with the following reasons:

  • abnormal liver function;
  • dysbacteriosis;
  • candidal stomatitis (thrush) - more common in infants.

What to do and how to treat?

Causes of black raid on the tongue

If you find a black patina in the language, you should not be engaged in identifying the causes and even more so - treatment yourself. First of all, sign up for a consultation with the district therapist. He will prescribe laboratory tests and, if necessary, send you to the required specialist.

All that can be done independently is to deprive the bacteria of the opportunity to multiply further until the main cause of blackness is established. If a change in the color of the tongue is found, thoroughly clean the mouth and tongue with a special brush. Rinse all hygiene items after use in a soapy solution.

It should be understood that black plaque on the tongue is not an independent disease, but merely a sign of pathology. Therefore, all treatment is aimed at eliminating the cause of the discoloration. And only after the pathogenic processes in the body are stopped with the help of drugs or other methods, the black bloom will disappear by itself.

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