At the end of the 20th century, Biseptol became so widespread that it was used with a prescription and without any reason, seeing in it a panacea for many ills. Today, the popularity of the medicine began to subside. What is Biseptol and what it helps for, few are interested. However, until now, in the memory of people, this far from harmless remedy remains a cheap way to combat certain diseases. How justified is “unauthorized” treatment with biseptol?
What is Biseptol and is it related to antibiotics?
In the minds of Russian people, antibiotics are the most dangerous drugs in terms of side effects. In this regard, the question arises: is biseptol an antibiotic or not? Can I take it without a prescription?
The drug belongs to the antiseptic group, i.e. antibacterial drugs. Active substances in it are:
- sulfamethoxazole (inhibits bacterial reproduction and growth);
- trimethoprim (enhances the action of sulfamethoxazole).
To attribute biseptol to antibiotics is impossible, since the latter are substances of natural origin, and the components of biseptol are created in the laboratory.
Although the drug has no relation to antibiotics and belongs to the sulfonamide group, do not think that it is absolutely safe. With improper therapy occurs addictive microorganisms to the components of this tool. Frequent use makes Biseptol ineffective, and the disease becomes chronic.
The drug is available in several forms:
- in tablets of 480 and 120 mg (the latter is for children);
- in the form of a suspension or syrup (1 tsp. of suspension (5 ml) contains 240 mg of the active substance; it must be shaken before use);
- in the form of ampoules of 480 mg for injections in a hospital.
When is biseptol shown?
The range of effects of this representative sulfonamides is quite wide:
- gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria;
- streptococci and staphylococci;
- the simplest microorganisms;
- E. coli;
- pathogenic fungi.
In this regard, the spectrum of diseases in which the doctor can prescribe Biseptol will also be wide:
- respiratory diseases: tonsillitis, pharyngitis, tonsillitis, bronchitis, sinusitis, tracheitis and others;
- infectious diseases of the urinary tract;
- gastrointestinal diseases (typhoid fever, paratyphoid fever, diarrhea and others).
The desire of many people to use Biseptol for the treatment of colds and ARVI is not always advisable, since these diseases are caused by viruses that are not sensitive to antibacterial drugs.
But priangine or complications of a bacterial nature after viral diseases of the upper respiratory tract and respiratory organs, the use of the drug is fully justified. In these and other cases, the question arises how to take Biseptol and what will be the dosage.
For children from 2 months to 5 years suspension is used - 240 mg 2 times a day. If a child can take pills, then it is recommended to take 2 tablets 2 times a day with a dosage of 120 mg.
Children from 6 years old can be given 2 times a day tablets with a dosage of 480 mg. Adolescents from the age of 12 and adults are recommended to take a dose of 960 mg 2 times a day. Treatment should last at least 5 days and no more than 2 weeks. If the therapy is completed before the deadline indicated by the doctor, there is a risk of survival of the most resistant microorganisms and the acquisition of the disease of a chronic form.
It is quite natural the appointment of biseptol for cystitis. Most cases of this disease are caused by E. coli. However, it is not worth trying to cure any pain in the urogenital system with this medicine. Most often, cystitis is prescribed fluoroquinolone preparations. Unreasonable use of Biseptol in cystitis can lead to the survival of some microorganisms, with the result that the disease becomes chronic.
Giving Biseptol to children is necessary only under the supervision of a doctor. Most parents do not even have a clear idea of what Biseptol is and from what it helps. If you treat them to children uncontrollably, you can only hurt. The earliest age when you can give children biseptol is from 6 weeks.
When taking medication you need to remember the rules:
- it is necessary to take medicine strictly every 12 hours;
- use the drug after meals;
- maintain a minimum course of treatment - 5 days.
Biseptol is not prescribed to patients:
- with liver and kidney diseases;
- disorders of the blood system;
- during pregnancy and lactation;
- with individual intolerance to the components of the drug.
Among the side effects of Biseptol include:
- rash, urticaria, dermatological diseases;
- diarrhea, nausea, stomatitis, loss of appetite;
- intestinal dysbiosis;
- candidiasis, thrush.
These side effects are common. In case of their manifestation, it is necessary to immediately stop taking the drug.
In the course of recent studies, other adverse reactions have also been noted, however, they occur once in several thousand people, for example, disruption of the blood-forming system.
Most often, pharmacies can meet Biseptol produced by Polish pharmacists. However, there are less expensive foreign and Russian analogues:
- Senexy Bactrim (France);
- Co-trimoxazole (Russia);
- Bi-septin (Holland);
- Septrin (England).
Which analogs of Biseptol to choose depends on the recommendations of the doctor and the material possibilities of the patient. Dutch products are characterized by excellent quality, but the Russian drug is much cheaper.
Biseptol is not a harmless remedy, and you should not use it without consulting a doctor, although this is not an antibiotic. Careless treatment of treatment can lead to the fact that the medicine does not help, but only harm. Particularly cautious is to be taken with respect to children: the side effects of Biseptol and improperly chosen therapy sometimes provoke difficult remediable consequences.