Back pain in the lumbar region


Many of us are familiar with pain in the lumbar spine. Enough to spend a few minutes in an uncomfortable position, and the discomfort does not leave for quite some time. What causes back pain in the lumbar region? We will consider their causes today, because often such a sign is a signal of the development of an illness.

Determine the nature of the pain syndrome

reasons why back pain in the lumbar region

Before we figure out the reasons why the back in the lumbar region hurts, let's take a closer look at the classification of pain syndromes. As is known, the human spinal column has several sections, one of which is the lumbar. This area occupies the gap of the back from the coccygeal part to the beginning of the ribs.

Pain syndromes in this spinal segment can appear even after prolonged sitting in an uncomfortable position or exhausting physical exertion. If the discomfort immediately disappears, then there is no cause for concern. But what to do if the attacks of pain come back again and again, and over time this state prevents to live and develop fully?

Only one way out - contact the attending specialist. If the pain is not associated with injury, then the initial consultation should be sent to the therapist. He will determine which specialization the doctor will help you. If the cause of the pain syndrome is injury, then you can immediately contact a traumatologist.

Pain syndromes in the lumbar segment of the spinal column may have a different character:

  • aching;
  • chilling;
  • shooting through.

Experts divide all types of lumbar pain conditionally into two large categories:

  • primary;
  • secondary.

Primary pain is diagnosed in cases where the pathology develops. This may be due to deformation of the articular or intervertebral tissue, ligaments or tendons.

Secondary pain syndrome occurs in the case of previously suffered injuries or development of pathological processes associated with a particular ailment, for example, osteoporosis, osteochondrosis, the appearance of a malignant or benign neoplasm.

More about the causes of pain

pain in the lumbar spine

In medical practice, there are a variety of cases where patients complain of pain in the lumbar segment of the spine. It is practically impossible to diagnose the disease by visual inspection, since in nature there are many reasons for the appearance of such symptoms.

Back pain may be associated with the development of pathology of the spine or internal organs. Often, the representatives of the beautiful half of humanity have a lumbar segment of the spine that hurts before or during the menstrual period.

What causes provoke acute pain in the lower back? In fact, their huge number and make an exhaustive list will not succeed. However, you can choose the main and most common causes of acute pain. These include:

  • intervertebral disc performance;
  • hernia formed between the vertebral segments;
  • spondyloarthritis;
  • osteochondrosis;
  • pathologies of the urinary system, in particular, the presence of stones;
  • violation of the circulation of blood in the spinal part;
  • intestinal obstruction;
  • pyelonephritis, developing in the acute stage;
  • uncharacteristic development of inflammatory processes in the appendix;
  • stretching;
  • violation of the integrity of the vertebral segments;
  • pathological processes in the hip joint tissues.

If the pain syndrome is periodic in nature, then perhaps it is a question of chronic pathologies. Chronic pain attacks in the lumbar spine can be caused by the following factors:

  • Bechterew's pathology;
  • spondylosis of a deforming nature;
  • bone diseases;
  • osteomyelitis;
  • the development of neoplasms;
  • the appearance of metastasis;
  • scoliosis;
  • the development of infectious processes in the vertebral segments (abscesses of epidural character, brucellosis, etc.);
  • arthritis;
  • spondylitis;
  • tumor processes in the kidneys;
  • atherosclerosis;
  • Reiter's syndromes.

Back pain in the lumbar region: causes, treatment

Often in everyday life we ​​are confronted with so-called wandering pains. This condition is misleading, even for treating specialists, since the localization of pain does not correspond to the place of actual development of the pathology. Doctors call such pains irradiating. The reasons for the appearance of this syndrome in the lumbar spinal column can be:

  • pathology of the digestive tract;
  • pancreatic diseases;
  • inflammatory or infectious processes in the small pelvic organs;
  • development of inflammation in the accessory part of the fair sex;
  • cancer pathology of the uterine organ;
  • gonorrhea;
  • renal type colic;
  • ulcerative colitis;
  • prostatitis;
  • ovarian pathologies;
  • the formation of kidney stones.

A variety of causes can cause back pain to the left in the lumbar region. Often, this localization of pain is determined by the occurrence of inflammatory or infectious processes in the internal organs. If pain syndrome surrounds both parts of the lumbar segment, this may signal the development of the following ailments:

  • hepatitis A;
  • pyelonephritis;
  • prostatitis;
  • inflammation of the adnexa;
  • appendicitis;
  • pneumonia.

Which doctor should I go to?

As you know, the spinal column is a powerful support for our body. In case of violation of its functioning should immediately go to the attending specialist. But to what doctor to address? If you are injured or severely injured, then you can safely go to the traumatologist. That doctor of this specialization will be engaged in treatment.

If the pain in the lumbar segment of the spinal column is the result of the development of the disease and is its main symptom, then first start by referring to the lead therapist. The attending specialist will conduct a full-scale examination and, based on the results of ultrasound diagnosis and magnetic resonance imaging, will write out the appropriate direction.

Depending on the reasons for the appearance of pain in the lumbar spinal column, the following specialists may be involved in the treatment:

  • cardiologist;
  • obstetrician-gynecologist;
  • nephrologist;
  • pulmonologist;
  • orthopedist;
  • gastroenterologist;
  • infectious diseases

Before the start of the course of treatment, the doctor should take all measures to eliminate the pain syndrome and alleviate the patient's condition. To begin with, a person is recommended to change a sleeping mattress, take antispasmodic or painkiller drugs, do gentle gymnastics.

We treat disease: the main aspects

pain in the lumbar spine

When your back hurts in the lumbar region, only a doctor can determine the true causes of this condition and prescribe a complete and effective treatment. Self-treatment will help eliminate the symptom that has appeared for a while, but then the pain will again overtake you with unprecedented force.

The treatment course is prescribed individually in accordance with the diagnosis. At the initial stage, the patient may be prescribed anti-inflammatory drugs, as well as the use of ointments that have a warming effect.

The treatment can be carried out by passing the procedures of a physiotherapeutic nature, in particular:

  • acupuncture;
  • laser therapy;
  • vacuum therapy;
  • manual manipulations;
  • electrostimulation;
  • pharmacopuncture, etc.

Painful sensations in the lumbar segment of the spine can not only cause a violation of the usual way of life and discomfort, but also provoke the development of complicated consequences and serious pathologies. To avoid this, you need to promptly seek qualified medical assistance and strictly follow all the doctor's instructions. Be healthy!