Everyone knows that Vasilisa is Beautiful, Koschey is Immortal, and childhood is "snotty." Sneezing, runny nose, mouth open, the child eats poorly, sleeps even worse, coughs - and not everybody can sleep. In general, the baby has a cold. What to do if a baby has a stuffy nose?
What causes nasal congestion in babies?
A runny nose in a baby is a common thing. It may manifest as a simple stuffy nose or a runny nose with sneezing, and also be accompanied by the following symptoms:
Nasal congestion occurs when its internal tissues swell and produce mucus. Within one or two weeks, the symptoms should go away and you can return to normal. But while the child requires care to alleviate the condition and eliminate complications.
In infants whose nose is stuffed up, a characteristic grunt may appear when breathing. As you know, in the womb the baby was completely in the liquid, so some babies sneeze for the first two days after birth. This is the result of irritation of the nasal mucosa, which is caused by the part of the liquid remaining in the baby's nasal passage.
If your baby has a stuffy nose, he will try to breathe through his mouth, which can cause difficulties while nursing. In rare cases, nasal congestion leads to breathing problems. Postpartum fluid accumulation usually disappears after a week.
Nasal congestion in an infant can also be caused by extremely dry air, which affects the sensitive internal tissues of the nasal cavity of the infant. When the nose is dry, there is a high probability of getting stuffy. This phenomenon is often more pronounced in the winter when the heating dries the air inside the house.
The main causes of nasal congestion in infants include:
- dry air;
- irritants such as dust, cigarette smoke or perfume;
- viral diseases such as the common cold.
What to do and how to treat?
Toddlers up to three months do not know mouth breathing, so it is obvious that a clean nose for a baby is extremely important! Below are a few recommendations on what to do if the baby has a stuffy nose.
- Purchase in the pharmacy network a solution containing sea salt.
- Put the baby on his back.
- Place a rolled-up towel or a small blanket under his shoulders and lightly press the tip of the nose so that the droplets penetrate more easily into the nostrils.
- Drip 2-3 drops of saline into each nostril, and then wait about a minute before cleaning your baby's nose.
If a child has dry nasal mucosa, he will certainly suffer from congestion. Water vapor will help moisturize and soften mucus. Put a humidifier or vaporizer in the children's room to maintain the necessary humidity. This is especially true before bedtime, to free the baby from nasal congestion at night.
You can also turn on a hot shower in the bathroom, fill it with steam and take the baby with you before putting it to bed. The effect will be the same as from a humidifier.
In addition to moisturizing and softening, it is necessary to clean the baby's nose from mucus. You can do it this way:
- After you have moistened the baby's nose with saline, put it on your stomach to facilitate the flow of fluid from your nostrils. Maybe your child will sneeze, freeing himself from mucus and moisturizing solution.
- Collect the mucus that comes out of the spout using a soft cloth or cotton swab. Never insert a cotton swab into your child's nostrils.
If you have difficulty removing mucus, try this using a rubber bulb as a suction:
- Squeeze the pear, freeing it from the air.
- Put the tip of the pear gently to the edge of the nostrils. Attention! Do not inject the pear further, as you may damage the inside of the nostrils.
- Remove mucus by filling the pear with air.
- Clean the mucus from the pear with a cloth.
- Rinse the pear well with clean water before and after each use.
When do you need a doctor?
Consult your pediatrician if you see these symptoms on your baby:
- high temperature;
- skin rash;
- runny nose, accompanied by swelling in the eye, near the nose, near the sinuses;
- stuffy nose for more than two weeks;
- shortness of breath;
- the child refuses to drink;
- the baby became very irritable or there were signs of obvious pain.
Before the arrival of the doctor if you have the above symptoms, do not hesitate to give the child Paracetamol. In the case of diarrhea in an artificial-fed infant, it is necessary to temporarily replace the milk formula with nutrition with low protein and lactose content.
If vomiting occurs, you should clean your nose before eating before digesting food. Transfer the baby to more frequent meals in small quantities. As an emergency aid in case of difficulty in nasal breathing, use vasoconstrictor drops.
Recommendations of Dr. Komarovsky
Dr. Komarovsky says that before treating a stuffy nose in a baby, you need to be aware of the following:
- Most often runny nose - a manifestation of a viral disease, colds. This is an attempt by the body to stop the spread of the virus to the lower respiratory tract.
- Mucus or snot is a kind of medicine because it is rich in substances that can neutralize the infection.
- The use of vasoconstrictor against the common cold should be an emergency measure with very difficult breathing, high temperature and the risk of otitis. It must be remembered that these drugs are addictive.
- The main task of parents is not to let the nozzles dry out in the child’s nose. To do this, apply the above measures to moisturize and clean the nose.
All of these measures can help reduce dryness and nasal congestion in a child. However, if breathing or feeding difficulties persist, consult your doctor to eliminate the risk of complications.