There is a group of vitamins that have the ability to dissolve in water and play an important role in the metabolism of body cells. Previously, all these substances were considered as one vitamin - B, but as a result of the conducted research, it turned out that they differ in chemical composition and may be jointly present in food.
Nutritional supplements, which include all 8 vitamins, are called B-complex. And supplements that contain one vitamin from this group are called by the name of each individual substance. For convenience, these substances are sold in pharmacies in the form of ampoules.
Vitamins containing vitamins of group B
Most often such vitamins are called B-complex (for example, Milgamma). The substances in their composition are necessary for the body in diseases of the nervous system and the musculoskeletal system, they have a positive effect on nervous tissue, normalize metabolic processes and blood supply. Because of this, with muscle cramps, neuralgia, neuritis, pinching of the nerve roots of the spinal cord, the main recommendation is to undergo a course of injections of B vitamins.
B-complex vitamins contained in food, which we eat almost daily.
- The largest number vitamin b1 contained in sprouted wheat grains, brewer's yeast, liver and bran. In another way, this substance is called thiamine. Raw oat flakes are also saturated with thiamine, because in them it is 4 times more than in boiled ones. Beans and potatoes are also saturated with this element, if the potatoes are steamed or boiled, and the water after boiling, and also after boiling peas and beans, is used to prepare other dishes, you can feed your body with this substance, because in the broth it is contained in a dissolved form. Dried fruits, hazelnuts, asparagus, buckwheat, rice, black bread and pork entrails also include this trace element.
- Vitamin B2It is useful not only for health, but also for the beauty of man! Its deficiency in the body can even shorten the life span! In another way, it is called riboflavin and improves energy processes and sugar burning. Together with other microelements, such as magnesium, it is included in the processes responsible for the movement of oxygen in the body. If you enter this substance into your diet, the wounds on the skin or on the mucous membranes of the oral cavity will heal much more quickly.
- Together with folic acid, riboflavin is involved in the formation of new blood cells in the bone marrow. This substance also contributes to the absorption of iron and maintains its level in the body. Patients with anemia, it is necessary to use folic acid, iron and riboflavin. Especially it is necessary to do this for pregnant women, since the intake of foods enriched with riboflavin can be a salvation for the child and the mother herself.
- Vitamin B6- participates in the exchange of the amino acid tryptophan. This substance increases the level of keratin in the muscles and stimulates the acid-forming function of the gastric glands. In food (the vast majority - of plant origin) it is contained quite a bit.
- Vitamin B12, or cyanocobalamin, takes part in blood formation, regulates fat and carbohydrate metabolism. It contributes to the formation of the nervous system, thereby affecting all organs. Sometimes this substance treats infertility, especially in men, and also eliminates eye pain. Cyanocobalamin is involved in the process of cell division, so it is very important for the body.
Lack of B vitamins
If the body is deficient in these substances, it will be exposed to various diseases.The need for them is very great for each person. A big role is played by your diet, the area where you live. For example, if you often eat white bread, over time, immunity may weaken. Often there are poor blood clotting, incontinence, weakness, hair loss and a number of other extremely unpleasant symptoms.
- Lack of vitamin B1 in the body causes a disease of the nervous system - beriberi. Its symptoms are weight loss, pain and weakness in the limbs, emotional disturbances, with long-term progression of the disease, heart failure and even death can occur! And its chronic insufficiency can lead to amnestic syndrome, that is, to psychosis, which is characterized by amnesia and confabulez.
- Lack of vitamin B2 leads to ariboflavinosis, which is characterized by lip cracking, increased perception of daylight, inflammation of the tongue, pharyngitis, edema of the mucous membranes of the mouth and throat, etc.
- Lack of vitamin B3 can cause pellagra. It has the following symptoms: dermatitis, aggression, weakness, sleep disturbances, diarrhea. In rare cases, pellagra can lead to death.
- Vitamin B5 deficiency leads to acne and acne and paresthesia, but this is very rare.
- The lack of such an element as vitamin B6 leads to microcytic anemia, dermatitis, depression, increased pressure, increased homocysteine and water retention.
- Lack of vitamin B7 has almost no effect on adults, but can cause neurological disorders and growth retardation in young children.
- Lack of folic acid, or vitamin B9, leads to increased levels of homocysteine. Its shortage in the body of a pregnant woman may affect the unborn child, so it is recommended to take dietary supplements during pregnancy.
- Lack of vitamin B12 can lead to memory loss, peripheral neuropathy and other cognitive impairment. Most often this occurs in the bodies of the elderly, as their gastrointestinal tract begins to work a little worse with age. There may still be psychosis and mania. Less often - paralysis.
How to prick vitamins of group B?
Vitamins of this group are rather poorly absorbed through the digestive tract, so experts recommend injecting them intramuscularly, that is, making injections. Before you start a course of treatment with these injections, you must consult a doctor. Self-medication is not necessary, it can harm the body. The usual way of entering the body of these substances is to eat certain foods, but injections - is an extreme measure.
- Injections of vitamins of group B can be done independently at home.Usually such injections are made in the buttock, or rather, in its outer upper part. If the patient puts the injection in himself, he will need to insert the needle into the upper outer part of the thigh.
- Before starting the procedure, wash your hands thoroughly, open the syringe and the vial with the necessary solution. Then the plastic cap should be removed from the needle of the syringe and, having drawn the plunger in, let in a little bit of air into it. Then in the syringe you need to collect the solution from the ampoule. After the syringe, you need to turn the needle up and knock it a little with your fingernail so that the small air bubbles gather into one, then slowly lower the plunger until air is released and drops of substance start to appear on the tip of the needle.
- The place chosen for the injection should be wiped with a cotton swab dipped in alcohol or vodka, or a special alcohol wipe. Then, in this place with your left hand you need to stretch the skin, and with your right hand, about half of the needle should be inserted into the skin, then, slowly pressing the plunger, you should inject the preparation.
- After the injection site, wipe it again with a cotton swab or a napkin with alcohol and quickly pull out the needle, and press the cotton swab to this place for 1-2 minutes. If during the injection the vessel was touched and the blood was released, then the cotton wool must be kept until the blood stops moving.
- If the doctor prescribes you injections of several groups of vitamins, then you need to strictly follow his instructions, because you can not prick all the substances at the same time, the B vitamins are in bad harmony with other substances and may later be allergic.
Injections of vitamins of group B contribute to the normalization of metabolism in the body and improve the communication of trace elements. You need to take them as often as possible, and you should not neglect other vitamins, because you need to monitor your health!