Atheroma of the scalp is a wen or cyst. Excess fat accumulation can form on all parts of the body. But most often these tumors appear on the head in the place of hair growth. We will tell you why atheroma occurs, how to recognize it, get rid of it and when it requires compulsory treatment.
Causes of atheroma on the head
Atheroma is a subcutaneous capsule that contains a curd or liquid. Often, in the center of a similar formation there is a small opening through which these secretions go outside. Most often they have a very unpleasant smell.
As you know, in the area of hair growth on the head, each person has an impressive amount of sebaceous glands. It is the violation of their functioning that provokes the appearance of a similar tumor of the cystic type. In turn, the following factors can lead to malfunction of the sebaceous glands:
- metabolic disease;
- diabetes and other endocrine diseases;
- significant increase in sweating;
- lack of hygiene;
- regular hair dyeing with chemicals, as well as frequent waving;
- nervous tension and overwork;
- in infants - imperfect thermoregulation.
How to recognize atheroma?
It is not difficult to notice an atheroma on the scalp. As a rule, a person during combing finds a round-shaped seal on his head. The size of this formation can vary in the range from 5 mm to 10 cm.
At a detailed examination, you can notice a ball moving under the skin, while at the place of its appearance the scalp becomes smooth and shiny. When you click on this tumor, you can hear squelching, as well as feel the displacement of the ball a few millimeters in different directions. It does not cause pain or discomfort. In addition, hair often falls out at the site of cyst formation.
Often, people who have found signs of this disease do not resort to medical care, since this formation is small and does not bother them. Meanwhile, in the case of atheroma inflammation, it is necessary to consult a doctor immediately. To understand that a cyst has inflamed, you can by the following signs:
- swelling and redness of the skin in the area of the seal;
- increase in neoplasm size;
- pain or discomfort with pressure;
- the appearance of a secret with an unpleasant smell;
- general malaise and fever.
If you experience these symptoms, you should see a doctor as soon as possible. A qualified doctor will conduct an examination and differential diagnosis. Before starting treatment, it is necessary to establish a diagnosis with high accuracy, since the atheroma of the scalp may have clinical manifestations similar to the symptoms of diseases such as hemangioma, lipoma, dermoid cyst, lymphadenitis, as well as hernia of the brain membrane.
In some cases, an ultrasound scan of a cyst or computed tomography may be required to confirm the diagnosis. If the doctor has doubts about the good quality of the tumor, he will have to undergo a histological examination in order to exclude basilar or squamous cell carcinoma.
Do I need to remove atheroma and how to do it?
As soon as you find a sebaceous gland cyst on your head, it is better to remove it immediately. At the moment, the removal of atheroma is the only way to get rid of it forever.
Of course, atheroma is a benign neoplasm and does not carry in itself such danger as cancer. However, she can become infected at any time, which can lead to an abscess. During the period of acute inflammation, surgical intervention becomes vital, but it is not possible to remove atheroma at this point.
In this situation, in the operating room under local anesthesia, the cyst is opened, pus is removed from it, thoroughly washed and drained. Next, the patient is prescribed antibiotic therapy. 3 months after drainage, the atheroma must be removed, otherwise a relapse will occur rather quickly.
Atheroma is removed by two methods:
- if the cyst size does not exceed 7 mm, the radio wave method is most often used. At the same time, under anesthesia, the capsule is opened and its fat content is completely removed. After such an intervention does not require special care;
- Larger neoplasms are removed only by surgery. The patient is made a thin incision in the upper part of the tumor. Then it is released from the surrounding tissue, after which the contents are removed and sutures are applied, which will need to be removed 5-12 days after the operation. Within 24 hours after surgery, you will have to bandage the incision site with sterile gauze several times.
Atheroma treatment at home
In the very early stages of atheroma, traditional methods of treatment can be very effective, for example:
- melted mutton fat to cool to 20-22 degrees and rub as often as possible into the affected area of the scalp;
- chop the garlic and add a little sunflower oil to it. Stir until slurry. This mixture should be rubbed into wen, while massaging them with your fingers;
- Attach a fresh sheet of mother and stepmother to the shiny surface of atheroma and fix it with adhesive tape. After 24 hours, update the lotion. Repeat treatment for 8-10 days.
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In the case of atheroma, you should not particularly get involved in self-treatment. Such a tumor can not change its size for many years and does not bother a sick person. Meanwhile, if you notice that the cyst has at least slightly increased, you should seek medical help in order to avoid serious consequences if possible.